The Imposition of Liberalism TOP TEN THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW What does it mean to impose liberalism on others? 1 To strongly encourage them to accept liberal values Do w e have th Rule of law e right expect

to others to acce Protection of private property pt our val ues? Capitalist economic ideas Individual rights Fair elections Checks and balances on government Pros of embracing liberalism 2

more rights & freedoms (humanitarian) economic: establish liberal economic institutions to strengthen economy (improve standard of living) build trade relationships peace respect for different values, trading relationships (Golden Arches Theory, Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention) 3 Cons of trying to impose liberalism Many states that are not already liberal have not

gone through the same evolution we did with the Enlightenment Rule of law the government and their friends are above the law Protection of private property gov. take property any time Rights (education, freedom of expression) only rights for elite Fair elections/checks and balances on government rulers want to protect power (controlled participation) = illiberalism claim to be liberal (democracy -elections) but lack other institutions like independent courts = not truly Canada imposing liberalism Aboriginal Peoples Indian Act meant to preserve treaty rights, used to promote gov control

Land claims abuses Abolishing cultural practices such as the Sundance and Potlatch Residential Schools 4 South Africa and Apartheid Apartheid = keep apart (tribes, Blacks and Whites) Nelson Mandela Tried to use the courts, turned to violent protest Arrested Conditions in prisons Bring attention to conditions in Black communities International pressure

Sanctions End apartheid Violence Government corruption 5 Afghanistan Pre 9/11 world wary of Taliban gov. 6 (grew out of the Soviet retreat in 1989) Madrassas, Al Qaeda, oppression of women, destroy culture

Post 9/11 world agrees Taliban must be removed from power and democracy established War on Terror (NATO) Outcome high death toll, illiberal actions Karzai government corrupt, but the best option for first liberal government tribal society Control of extremist groups education, violence during elections Some success Greater rights for women, building infrastructure Iraq 7

Pre-emptive strike (faulty information on WMD) Violation of international law, rejected by UN Consequences War high death toll, damage to infrastructure Sectarian violence: Sunni/Shiite civil war (2006) Elections majority rule = 80 parties all based on ethnic loyalties, Shiite majority Rise of ISIS due to alienation of Sunni leaders Impact on reputation of liberal democracies renditions, Abu Ghraib, Guantanamo Bay (detainees) China how do they justify these actions, and should we take action to stop it? One child policy

Capital punishment, labor camps Sweatshops Environmental damage Intellectual property rights Workers rights Freedom of speech (Google, prisoners of conscience) Tibet 8 The Arab Spring 9 Tunisia moving towards a truly liberal society

Terrorist attacks to try to prevent this Libya - 2011 UN agreement to use any means necessary to protect civilians rebelling Were we trying to overthrow the government = imposing a revolution? Did Gadhafi's reputation influence our willingness to use violence? Egypt democratically elected gov started to become illiberal so another revolution - put military back in power Just as repressive as before (imprison anyone who supported the democratically elected gov) Syria - why UN support for rebels in Libya but not here Refugee crisis Should strong liberal nations take

over failed states? Regions of the world where chaos reigns Haiti Somalia Should UN (or another powerful institution/ country) take over the region until they prove that they can rule themselves? Post-WW II what was the outcome of the Four Powers taking this stance in Europe and Japan? 10

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