World War I - Trench Warfare

World War I - Trench Warfare

World War I Trench Warfare People expected World War I to be quick- they had a great deal of confidence in their countries. But the war eventually became a stalemate- the fighting tactics used resulted in enormous casualtiesestimates suggest that 9.8 million were killed and at least 20 million

wounded. World War I These numbers do not include: - those who died from injuries after the war - the psychological costs for those who fought in the war The Western Front

Fighting began when Germany passed through Belgium into France. The Western Front Germanys Plan

was to quickly capture and secure Paris so the Western Front would be secure, then it could turn its attention East and deal with Russia. The Western Front

Yet after initial success, the French held back the Germans at the Battle of the Marne River (The Miracle at the Marne) The Western Front The war became a

stalemate-trench warfare Trenches were long ditches surrounded by barbed wire to protect the troops. A WWI Trench The Trench System

Trench Warfare The system of trench warfare resulted in huge loss of life and little gains in territory. The only technique became to soften up the enemy trenches by bombarding them with artillery fire, and then send the soldiers over the

top to try to take the enemy lines. Trench Warfare To do so was an incredibly dangerous mission: the soldiers had to enter No mans land- the area between the trenches where they were exposed to enemy fire.

The trench could finally be taken with brutal hand-to-hand combat fought with bayonets, knives, and swords. Trench Warfare Much of the time, however, in trenches and in dugouts was spent waiting.

Soldiers had to develop ways to pass the time and had to deal with the smell of rotting corpses, body parts, rats and mud that often filled the trenches. Weaponry In time, new weapons were created to try to increase the ability of soldiers to take an enemy trench.

The Machine Gun The machine gun (a gun that can be repeatedly fired without loading each time) increased the danger of going

over the top. A Machine Gun Grenades 1st made of empty bottles. American

soldiers- many of whom had played baseballintroduced more accurate ways of throwing them. Poison Gas First chlorine, and

later mustard gas were usedchoking soldiers and burning their skin. The Gas mask developed to counter this. Airplanes Airplanes are 1st

used in World War I- are used in trench warfare to scout the position of enemy lines. Airplanes It is later in the war when

machine guns are mounted to planes and zeppelins- giant blimps- are used to drop bombs on the enemy.

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