Working at the W.M. Keck Observatory - Adaptive optics

Working at the W.M. Keck Observatory - Adaptive optics

Working at the W.M. Keck Observatory Rich Matsuda Electronics Engineering Manager Introduction I hope to both satisfy and fuel your curiosity of what its like to work at the Keck Observatory (Please ask lots of questions during and after!)

Richs Background Born and raised on Oahu Attended University of Washington, B.S. Electrical Engineering degree in 1985 2 Summer Internships working for Wang Laboratories Worked at Boeing for 8 years

including avionics design for the 777 airplane Began working at Keck in 1993 What I do for Fun Hang out with my wife Leslie and my two sons, Kyle (10) and Daniel (6) Surf Play and Coach Basketball Kick back with friends and family Play with my dogs, Roxy and Sandy Lets Get to Know Each

Other Your name, hometown, college, year, major? What are your goals for the short course and internship? What do you have in common? Topics of Discussion What is the W.M. Keck Observatory? Working at Keck My Job

Engineering Internships W.M. Keck Observatorys Vision and Mission Vision Mission A world in which all humankind is inspired and united by the pursuit of knowledge

of the infinite variety and richness of We advance the frontiers of astronomy and share our discoveries to inspire the imagination of all. How We Got Our Name

Named after William Myron Keck, the founder of The Superior Oil Company of California who, in 1954, founded the W.M. Keck Foundation with the mission to benefit humanity through the disciplines of science and engineering, medical research and higher education. The W.M. Keck Foundation provided the original funding of $160,000,000 to build the Keck Telescopes. What is Unique about

Keck? Most telescopes use a single huge piece of glass or ceramic for their main (primary) mirror. By contrast, each Keck primary mirror consists of a mosaic of 36 1.8-m diameter (6 feet) hexagonal segments made of a special ceramic material called zerodur. The Keck telescopes are the worlds largest, each having a primary mirror 10m or 33 feet in diameter. Our Unique Site Mauna Kea

Nearly 14,000 feet high Above much of the water vapor in the atmosphere In the middle of the Pacific stable winds Low levels of artificial light The largest collection of major telescopes on one mountaintop Not only scientifically significant but culturally significant as well a sacred place for Native Hawaiians Use of the Telescopes

Who gets to use it? How much does it cost to operate? Astronomers from Caltech, UC, UH and NASA About $50,000 a night ($1.50/second!) Do the astronomers pay for each night? No, they get to use the facility as a privilege of

belonging to one of our parent institutions. Naturally, as a result, these institutions attract the best and the brightest students and faculty. Topics of Discussion What is the W.M. Keck Observatory? Working at Keck My Job Engineering Internships The W.M. Keck Observatory

How many people work at Keck and what do they do? Operator 8% Student 8% Scientist 11% Admin 19% Engineering 29%

Technician 25% Examples of Jobs at Keck Engineers Electronics, Mechanical, Software, Facilities, Optics, Engineering Managers Technicians Electronics, Instrumentation, Mechanical, Machinists, Electricians, Optics Administrative Accountants, Public Information, Admin Assistants, Human Resources, Facility Coordinators, Custodial Scientists Support Astronomers

Students Lab assistants, Office assistants, Shipping/ Receiving clerk Operators Observing Assistants When and Where Do the Workers Work? When We observe 365 nights/year 75% of the staff works during the day

10% of the staff works during the night 15% of the staff works a combination Several day staff are on-call at night and on weekends in case of problems Where 1/3 of the staff works mostly at the summit 2/3 of the staff works mostly at HQ Unusual Jobs at Keck Jobs you wont find at every observatory: Interferometer Specialist

Librarian/Archivist Public Information Officer Vehicle Coordinator Housekeeper A Typical Day at Keck 0500 Early day crew leaves for summit from Hilo and Waimea 0500 Director visits astronomers at the end of their night 0530 Observing Assistants park telescopes & close domes at end of nights observing 0600 Astronomers retire to sleep at VSQ 0700 Regular summit day crew departs from Waimea and Hilo 0745 Day crew arrives at Hale Pohaku for breakfast 0800 Start of business day for most of HQ staff 0900 Day crew arrives at summit 1030 Swing tech departs for summit

1400 Nights astronomers begin checking equipment from remote observing rooms 1600 All on-telescope activities cease on summit. Telescopes are readied for observing. 1700 Day crew departs summit for Hilo and Waimea 1700 C.O.B. at HQ 1900 Observing Assistants open domes for nights observing; observing commences 2030 Swing tech departs summit for Waimea or Hilo 2000 Night attendant departs Waimea for summit 2200 Night attendant arrives at summit Topics of Discussion What is the W.M. Keck Observatory? Working at Keck

My Job Engineering Internships My Job: Electronics Group Manager Manage a group of 20 engineers, technicians, aides and observatory attendants

We are in large part responsible for daily preparation of the telescope for observing We also provide engineering expertise to development projects, e.g. the Interferometer and Laser Guide Star. Our annual departmental budget is approx $1.5M My job is a mix of technical, personnel and project management Pros and Cons of the Job

The telescope is a really cool toy The people are great. Co-workers have turned into lifelong friends The challenges are relentless Working at high altitude is exciting yet physically demanding Being called at 3am to fix a problem is startling but satisfying when you fix it! Our appetite for progress isnt always matched by the size of our wallet! An Engineers Viewpoint

What makes observatory work interesting Massive equipment yet nanometer precision Environmental challenges weather, dust, seeing, altitude Wide range of technologies electronics, mechanisms, hydraulics, pneumatics, optics all intertwined into complex systems

Creating new capability in an operational environment Forces you to be a systems engineer Topics of Discussion What is the W.M. Keck Observatory? Working at Keck My Personal Background Engineering Internships Chads Project: Measuring Windshake Chad Watanabe Electronics

Engineering Student from Loyola Marymount Problem: Telescope prone to windshake devise a sensor that can measure wind vector to help monitor and understand this problem better Chads solution was a sonic anemometer (measures windspeed as a function of the speed of sound) Possible Summer Project

Problem: Following bad weather, the dome shutters cannot be opened if theres any possibility of falling snow/ice. The dome must be inspected first. Climbing the dome ladder is hazardous under these conditions (slippery, falling ice, etc.) Possible Solution: Install a web-cam atop the dome. Constraints: Must be weatherproof. No wireless devices allowed. Dome slip rings are the only copper connection to dome. What you Need to Succeed

Academic talent gets you in the door, but its your character that determines your success: Positive Attitude Motivation, Dedication and Perseverance Reliability and Thoroughness

Flexibility Willing to Take Risks (Dont be Afraid to Ask Questions!) Understand the Big Picture Q&A?

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