Why do people commit Crimes? - Mr. Bergman 2017- 2018
WHY DO PEOPLE COMMIT CRIMES? Theories of Criminology Minds On! Think of as many possible reasons for the following: Why do people commit crime? What are the common characteristics? Who are the people who are victims of crime? What are
the common characteristics? The answer(?) Read page 240- 242 2000 National Council of Welfare- Justice and the Poor List the characteristics of the people who actually commit
crime in Canada Socio-Economic Status 19th- 20th centuries- What was a major concern in Canada? Who are the underclass? How is SES typically measured? Summarize John Hagans speech from 1992. How does a high SES lead to criminal behavior? What has been proven in New Zealand, Great Britain and the USA
regarding crime and education? What is IPV? Early Theories of Criminology Classical Theory people broke the law because they thought that doing so would advance their own self interests Deviance was the natural result of our rational self interest
Prior to this, essentially before the mid 1700s- criminal deviance was the result of supernatural or demonic forces Early Theories of Criminology Classical Theory Set up a system of punishment that would deter people from breaking it Since humans were rational- weight the balance of positive and
negative outcomes of their behaviour- the more serious the punishment, the more likelihood of deterrence Punishment should fit the crime- it should be proportional to the harm done to society Remember before the mid 1700s, people were executed and mutilated for very minor offenses
Early Theories of Criminology What are the Pros of this theory? What are the Cons? Early Theories of Criminology Positivist School Influenced by evolutionary theory (Darwin) Controlled observation methods to the study of criminology Widely accepted in the 19th century despite almost all of the
science being terribly flawed Identifying criminals became a simple matter of searching for characteristics of humans who were less developed/advanced in evolutionary terms Murderer
Sean Penn See any similarities!? Does this mean Sean Penn is a Criminal? Early Theories of Crime Positivist School Not totally a biological application- more an anthropological application Putting a native American within a European civilization would equal
criminal behaviour You can still commit crime if you are more advanced, but that becomes a different concern The natural next step of this school is biological school- which attached various genetic characteristics to criminality, not evolutionary status The biological school has terrible consequences
So what about people we call serial killers Explanations of Crime Classical School Early Biological Theories (20th century) Psychological Theories- Freud Psychological Theories- Moral Development (Kohlberg) Eysenck- Personality Theories Antisocial, Social Learning and Psychopathy
Strain Theories (Anomie) Cultural Conflict Theory Marxist Conflict Perspective Contemporary Critical Criminology Interactionist Social Control Theory
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