To Kill A Mockingbird - Miss Cowin's English Literature ...

To Kill A Mockingbird - Miss Cowin's English Literature ...

To Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee Introduction: Context and Background Objectives Know where and when the novel is set Be able to make links between context and

themes Key Words Prejudice Segregation Inequality Where is it set

The Novel is set in the Deep South of the USA in the state Alabama. So when is it set? The novel is set in the 1930s. At this time the USA were in what is now known as the Great Depression, a time of economic hardships.

In 1929 the Wall Street Crash happened. Thousands of people lost money, businesses were bankrupted and ordinary people were left unemployed. The people hardest hit were the poor people. They lost their jobs and their homes. They

were left penniless and hungry. Racial Segregation In the 1930s, the majority of the Southern states in the US had laws which prohibited the integration of black and white people. Apartheid in South Africa

White supremacy- BNP, National Front The Black Community Slavery was practised in the Deep South of America until the end of the American Civil War in 1865. The Yankee North beat the Confederate

South, they destroyed the southern economy and forced them to free the slaves. This did not mean an improvement for black people living in this area. Jim Crow Laws After the American Civil War most

states in the South passed anti-African American legislation. These became known as Jim Crow laws. These laws were instituted in 1896 and were not abolished till the late 1950s (even then still not completely).

The Black Community Although they were free, the Black Community were not allowed to live in the same areas, attend the same schools, eat in the same restaurants or travel on the same trains or buses as white people. Local laws made sure they remained second class citizens. Many black people were forced to take poorly

paid jobs which left them as badly off as when they were slaves. The effect of the depression on the Black Community When the depression hit the USA, the farming community in the Deep South was hit very hard particularly the black agricultural workers.

Racism was ingrained in the culture of the Deep South. This was seen by the rise of organisations such as the Ku Klux Klan. The majority of crimes against black people were ignored by the police whilst it only took an accusation of a crime for a black person to be presumed guilty. Map indicating the

segregated South. (Red Areas) Alabama Segregation was present in transportation

In business and trade In eating and drinking facilities In employment and education

Eventually civil rights protests broke out in the demand for equality Martin Luther King echoed many of the

concerns anticipated in this novel in1963. Can anyone name the speech? Atrocious acts of violence and injustice were enacted against black people in the American South Ku Klux Klan Emmet Till- beaten to death by a mob for wolf whistling a white woman. He was 14

years old Harper Lee Born in Monroeville, Alabama in 1926 Father a lawyer Studied law herself but never graduated

Childhood friends with Truman Capote, the behaviour of Jem, Scout and Dill is said to reflect their own escapades. Harper Lees Influences

Victoria Price and Ruby Bates (prostitutes) claimed they were raped by a group of 9 black youths. 10,000 people gathered to insist they hang This is known as The Scottsboro Trial This is what actually

happened Several white men boarded the train & picked a fight with the black men Whites were forced off train by the 12 black men. The white

men reported that the black men had raped two white girls on the train to authorities. They lied. Guilty because of their ethnicity.

JUSTICE? It was an all white jury (jury of peers?) 8 out of the 12 youths were sentenced to death. One youth could not be tried because he was only 12 years old. Ruby Bates changed her story but the charges were not dropped. Trials went on for nearly 15 years before all the men were dismissed.

They all lost 15 years of their lives because of the lies of white men. Themes of the novel Racism Prejudice Courage Innocence and Experience

Growing up We will be exploring these areas in coming lessons, so be mindful of these areas when reading Main Characters in the novel

Key Characters in Part 1 Scout (Jean Louise) Narrator Jem (Jeremy) her brother Atticus her father, a lawyer Dill Jem and Scouts friend Miss Maudie A neighbour Calpurnia The Finches black cook Boo Radley a reclusive neighbour

Atticus Scout Jem Dill

Miss Maudie So...Lets look at the text... On the basis of Discuss in small what you have

groups. You have5- 10 minutes read so far, what before we issues of conflict feedback. can you identify?

Extension activity What language is Identify used to place the stereotypes. Is novel in its time? Harper Lee (1930s USA). reinforcing or

Clue-Race? challenging them? Satire Satire = ridiculing to show up the weakness of people or an institution. Look at the example at the top of

page 19. How is the writer satirising teaching and education? Miss Caroline: Victim or Villain? Your task is now to write What impression

do we get? Why? Do our opinions change? What do we understand about class from this extract?

a diary entry as Miss Caroline after the Ewell incident. How do you feel about your pupils? Use empathy. Ext: Link in contextual points Homework: To finish diary entry. Conclude

with a paragraph placing Miss Caroline as victim or villain. Justify your reasoning Next time: Scissorgate

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