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Core Agriculture Support Program, 2011-2020 (CASP Phase 2) GMS Working Group on Agriculture Dr. Thamana Lekprichakul Program Coordinator/Deputy WGA Manager ASEAN Feed & Rice Symposium, Bangkok, 9 April 2014 Outline of the Presentation 1. Core Agriculture Support Program Phase 2 2. CASP Regional Technical Assistance 3. Key Activities 4. Regional Investment Framework

Core Agriculture Support Program (CASP) (2011-2020) The Greater Mekong Subregion is recognized as the leading producer of safe food, using climate friendly agricultural practices and integrated into global markets through regional economic corridors. Vision Pillar 1: Pillar 2: Food Safety Climate Trade

Friendly Modernization Agriculture Pillar 3: Bioenergy & Biomass Management Agricultural Research and Development Private Sector Involvement Institutional Mechanisms for Regional Cooperation Implementation Structure Working Group on Agriculture (WGA)

(WGA Coordinators from GMS Countries) WGA CoChair Director, SEER ADB ADB Project Officer Development Partners Coordination and Advisory WGA Secretariat (WGA Manager and Administrative Staff)

WGA National Secretariat Support Units WGA National Secretariat Support Units *NSS are TA-funded National Secretariat Specialists (NSS)* WGA National Focal Points (Counterpart) Contact Points in Agencies/Ministries Implementing Partners International and National Consultants

Technical Assistance for CASP I & 2 >3 RETAs Amount (in US$M) >3 Implementation Period June 2003-2014 RETA 7833 4

July 2012-2015 RETA 8163 14 + Sept 2012-2017 Technical Assistance 6390 Tranboundary Disease 6521 Implementing CASP 1 (Biomass for Bioenergy & Food Security) (Implementing CASP 2) RETA 6521: Accelerating Implementation of

Core Agriculture Support Program RETA amount: $3.164 M (breakdown below) ADB : $1.5 M; PRC Fund: $0.25 M; IFAD :$0.20M(parallel) FAO : $0.714 M(in-kind); GMS : $0.250 M(in-kind) Implementation Period: 2008-2014 Project Outputs : 1. Implementation of the Strategy for Biotechnology and Biosafety Initiated 2. Agriculture Information and Network Service Development and Use Promoted 3. Rural Renewable Energy 4. Cross-border Trade Facilitation

RETA 6521: CASP 1 (cont.) Minor change in scope in 2012 GMS Drought Management Develop drought monitoring & warning system Develop drought vulnerable maps Cost-benefit analysis for economic loss due to drought Capacity development Knowledge products Project Status: for extension for 1 year TA 6390: Transboundary Animal Disease Control for Poverty Reduction in the GMS ADB Approval: Feb 2007; TA total amount is $1.65 M Impact: to contribute to the larger goal of reducing

poverty in poor livestock farming communities in the GMS, through better control of TAD, increased production of safer food, and enhanced opportunities for smallholders to access higher value markets, in order to sell their livestock and livestock products. Project Status: Requesting ADB to extended completion date to 2015 to carry forward the planned pilot activities on cross-border livestock tracability system and awareness raising materials TA 7833: Capacity Building for the Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy & Food Security ADB Approval: June 2011 RETA Amount: $4 M Implementation Period: 2011-2014

Impact: Improved access to clean bionergy and enhanced food security. Outcome: Enhanced capacity for efficient utilization of biomass for scale-up production of clean bioenergy and organic soil amendments. Project Status: TA is being implemented by a consulting firm RETA 8163: Implementing Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II in the GMS Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional

financing from various development partners i.e. $5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycle $1M Swiss Govt for green water management Impact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS. Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS -TA amount $4 million -Implementing Period 2011-2014

TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS Output 1: Enhanced regional cooperation on bioenergy development that safeguards and fosters food security; Output2: Climate-friendly, gender-responsive biomass investment projects pilot tested; Output 3: Enhanced capacity for the efficient use of biomass; Output 4: Knowledge products developed and disseminated. Cambodia Rice Residues 10,000,000 Tonnes

9,000,000 National Rice Paddy Production 8,000,000 7,000,000 Theoretical Rice Husk 6,000,000 5,000,000

Theoretical Rice Bran 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 Theoretical Rice Straw 1,000,000 - 2007 2008

2009 2010 2011 TA 7833: Output 1 Review of National Policies International Best Practice Standards, Labelling and Certification National Working Groups on Standards Regional Forums Working Group Priorities Priority

Organic Rice Biogas Digester Standards Biofertilizer Standards Climate friendly Rice CAM LAO VIE TA 7833: Output 2

Selected proposed technologies Improved Cook Stoves, Bioslurry from biogas production, Biochar 6 feasibility studies in Viet Nam and Cambodia A rapid assessment of biomass use option for Laos PDR Review of existing business models Feasibility Studies on Pilot Investments Demonstrating the Production and Use of Biochar Scale-Up the Use of Biochar from Rice Husks in ClimateFriendly Rice Production Scaling-Up Adoption of Improved Cook Stoves Scaling-Up Proven Biogas Technology and Efficient Bioslurry Management PracticesPilot Investment Project to Scale-Up Efficient Bioslurry Management Practices within

the Viet Nam National Biogas Program Rapid Appraisal for Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security Improved Cook Stoves Business Model: aggregating demand and incentivize sales promotion e.g., Viet Nam Womens Union linked to producers of approved stoves, receive training and incentives to sell stoves. First sale campaign: 3days sales of 300 and 80 achieved in the two districts Bioslurry Biogas programs Evaluate

environmental impact of slurry Cumulative effects are significant est. of 150,000 m3 per annum in 1 commune Limited use of slurry 5 to 30% Pilot systems to move slurry to home gardens or composting Business model production of slurry

enriched compost by women and farmer group Biochar Upscaling Findings Safety issues identified in local production technologies, particularly from rice husk Move focus from Production to use demand focus Soil Amendment to part of nutrient delivery From public good carbon to private good agronomic benefit Increases pH

Reduced greenhouse gas Fluxes (CH4, N2O) Cation Exchange Capacity (with ageing) Improved microbial associations Improves soil water retention Adds nutrients / more efficient use of soil

nutrients BIOCHAR Improves soil structure Stores carbon in soil for > 1000 years Biochar Pilots Product Development Public and private sector joint initiative Provide product development grant funds for biofertiliser formulations and

production including biochar Product Testing Research demonstrations Farmer demonstration plots and farmer field schools Rice and vegetables Womens home garden training Laos PDR Business Model:

Linking local entrepreneurs with biomass technologies production of composts production of bio fertiliser Introduce biochar kilns example Cambodia Introduce small scale bio-digestors Biochar Health and Safety tests Testing of locally available char resources Characterisation tests completed Presence of crystalline silica - awaiting final test results TA 7833: Output 3

Capacity Building Study tours Courses on Biochar biofertilizer Participation in regional events TA 7833: Output 4 Technical knowledge products Biomass Assessment for CLV Biobrief series TA 8163-REG: Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II

TA 8163-REG: Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional financing from various development partners i.e. $5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycle Impact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS. Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders. Outputs 1.Strengthened regional framework and capacity for agri-food quality management

2.Established e-trade on eco-friendly agri-food production for smallholders 3.Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture 4.Knowledge management and dissemination 5.Strengthened regional cooperation on agriculture RETA 8163: Additional Financing Additional financing approved in Nov 13: $5.0 m (NDF) and $0.5m (ADB) for Output 3 gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture: (i) GMS-wide regional cooperation on harmonized policies, standards, and regulations on efficient use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer; (ii) pilot investment models to scale up efficient

nitrogen fertilizer (in CAM, LAO, MYN); (iii) GMS-wide institutional capacity building on efficient nitrogen-cycle management and greenhouse gas mitigation Expected Outputs with By 2017: Road maps for regional policy framework and adoption of common carbon accounting standards to monitor and promote improvements in nitrogen-use efficiency 10% increase crop yield/unit of fertilizer applied in project sites TA 8163-REG: Additional $1M from ADB

Water Financing Partnership Facility for green water management For ADB management approval by Q2 2014 To finance additional activities under: Output 3: Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture: rainwater harvesting, soil moisture management i.e. mulching, adding soil organic matter, and terracing (pilot projects on green water management in rainfed agriculture in CLM) Output 4: Facilitated knowledge management and dissemination: Conduct of regional studies and policy supports on green water management TA 8163-REG: Output 1 Strategy for the implementation of PGS developed

PGS is a community-based cerfication system for safe food for smallholder farmers. The goal is to identify and implement at least 12 pilot projects, two in each countries, to test new innovative business models to scale up PGS in the region. PGS regional workshop conducted TA 8163-REG: Output 2 Capacity building for farmers on market access for domestic and export

markets, starting with Lao and Thai farmers Initial consultations with the Foreign Economic Cooperation Center of the Ministry of Agriculture of the PRC on enhancing the AINS into e-trade forum (possible additional funding from PRC in 2014 to be further discussed) TA 8163-REG: Output 3 Consulting engaged to identify/implement PPP projects to enhance emerging value chains Government officials supported to attend Training Program

on Chemical Management Strategies in Sweden, organized by a Swedish Chemicals Agency Jointly organized with the Phnom Penh Plan Human Resource Development under the theme Enhancing Regional Competitiveness and Sustainability of Agriculture Sector Co-financed training on contract farming organized by FAO Participated in awareness raising activities with GMS Environment Operations Center and ADB/FAO/WOCAN Regional High-level consultation on Gender, Food and Nutrition Security Priorities for the Asia Pacific region TA 8163-REG: Output 4 Draft CASP 2 communication strategy Initiate development of GMSWGA web site

CASP 2 brochure; DVDs on climate-friendly agriculture, compost making technology, biochar application as soil amendment, post-harvest technology of fruits and vegetables. TA 8163-REG: Output 5 WGA 10 and Joint Knowledge Event with WGE organized in Lao PDR WGA Manager replaced Recruitment of NSS staff in PRC and CAM is ongoing. Hired Program Coordinator,

Knowledge Management Specialist, and Administrative Officer. Recruitment ongoing for Finance and Management Specialist, Procurement Specialist, Implementation Specialist Other ADB Projects contributing to CASP Phase II Collaboration with ADBI

Project Name: Agricultural Productivity and Natural Resource Management (AP and NRM) Participating Countries: CLMV Project Duration: Nov 2011 - Mar 2016 Donors: include ADBI, ADB, ASEAN Secretariat Project Status: training programs organized: in February 18-22, 2013 in partnership with Mekong Institute and New Zealand Aid Programme, and in Sept 2013 in Bangkok Regional policy forum in Myanmar in May 2013

Investment: GMS Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation Loan/grant amount: $104 million CAM: Loan Nos 2970 & 8262, Grant 0330 LAO & VIE: Loan 2936, Grant 0316 & 0317 Implementation period: 2013-2018 Board Approval: 12 Dec 2012 Project Description: Build Capacity of communities in lower Mekong basin against floods and droughts.

Key outputs: stronger regional coordination for management of flood and drought events, upgraded water management infrastructure; and enhances capacity for community based F&D management Mekong river flooding W.E. Garrett Investment: Trade Facilitation- Improved Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Handling in the GMS

ADB Board Approval: CAM/LAO were approved on 26 June 2012; VIE was approved on 22 November 2012. Implementation Period: October 2012 August 2017 (CAM/LAO); April 2013 June 2018 (VIE) Loan amount: $25.87 million for CAM/LAO Grant amount: $11.0 million for Lao PDR Loan/Grant amount: $11.72 M for VIE The Project: The project will strengthen institutions and operational and management capacities in CAM, LAO and VIE for operating cost-effective SPS systems that facilitate trade and protect health.

RETA 8096: Improving Sanitary and Phytosanitary Handling in GMS Trade (piggy-backed to CAM/LAO/VIE loans and grant) Grant amount: $750,000 Implementation period: August 2012-August 2017 Impact and Outcome: The impact of the TA is that AFF products become safer, more efficiently produced, and traded in greater quantities. The outcome is effective and wellconnected SPS management systems, which will contribute to enhanced intra-regional trade, export competitiveness and protection of health. Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR): Capacity Enhancement of SPS Handling

Arrangement to Improve Trade Facilitation TA will focus on promoting Customs interface with SPS agencies, and SPS capacity development to promote regional cooperation and harmonization Project Outcome: Enhanced SPS management system to cooperate with customs administrations in promoting trade in GMS Processing Period: Concept Clearance: 02 Jul 2013 Fact-finding: 19 Aug 2013 to 10 Sep 2013 Investment: Low Carbon Agricultural Support Project (VIE) Loan amount: $74 million, approved Dec 2012 Implementation period : 2013-2018 Project Description:

Activities are parts of climate change (CC) mitigation and adaptation measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in VIE. Enhance climate smart agriculture development and practices focused on strengthening Low Carbon Agriculture (LCA) policies and institutions; Establishing infrastructure support for agriwaste management; Enhancing LCA technology and development transfer. RETA 7493: Addressing Pre- and Postharvest Challenges of Rice Supply Chain

RETA Amount: $ 2 million for CAM, PHI, THA, VIE Project Outputs: 1. Reduce pre-harvest losses through field resistance screening method and germplasm country strategies 2. reduced postharvest losses through technology and mgt options, agri-extension/advice and post-harvest networks Project Status: germplasm & field resistance screening methods and successful dissemination of pre-harvest methods & banning of pest control meds in THA and VIE Post harvest work with NARS RETA 7495: Support for the ASEAN+3 Integrated Food Security Framework

RETA amount: $2 million (JSF) Project Components: Establish ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve Action plan for expanded and stable rice trade Promote usage of ASEAN Food Security Information System (AFSIS) Project Status: APTERR rules and procedures for endorsement in Feb 2013 Pilot ASEAN Rice Trade Forum endorsed by ASEAN+3 as a regular activity

AFSIS to become a permanent mechanism by 2013 Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (1) RETA amount: $1.4M for CAM, LAO, PHI, THA, VIE Board Approval: Dec 2011 Project Outputs : 1. Adopt eco-based management methods to reduce rice pest outbreaks, and viable postharvest rice technologies 2. Develop innovations and partnership investments for watersaving technologies and safe food supply chains; 3. Develop demand-driven and results-based strategic action plan

for ARD of Asian DMCs Project Status: On Pre-harvest: Focused on upscaling TA activities (multimedia campaigns and education entertainment TV series-Ecological Engineering TV) Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (2) Project Status: On Pre-harvest (cont): Engaged governments of THA and VIE in project advocacy

Presented at 34th ASEAN Senior Officials Meeting and World Bank's Forum for Agri-risk Management on Rice in Asia. Approved parallel funding for two projects initiated by the TA Project Status: On Post-harvest: Established business plans and models for hermetic storage systems for seed producers (PHI), combine harvesting services (CAM), and drying services (CAM & PHI) and established link between rice producers and local supply chains for hermetic storage systems Conducted skills and capacity building in three countries. Ongoing research on mycotoxin contamination in rice grains RETA 7996: Innovative Financing for AgriFood Value Chains (AFVC)

RETA amount: $1.5M for Cambodia Project Outputs : 1. policy report for inclusive and sustainable AFVC financing to BAN and CAM, 2. innovative AFVC finance business models for smallholder farms and SMAEs 3. application of a knowledge platform on innovative AFVC financing by selected DMCs. Project Status: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) engaged for Q 1 and 3; individual consultants for Q 2 Planning workshop on 11-13 April 2013 in Beijing CAM: Climate Resilient Rice

Commercialization Sector Development Program Impact: Increased net incomes of stakeholders along the rice value chain Board approval: June 2013 (3 loans, 2 grants) $87.4M Project Outcome: Enhanced production of quality rice in Cambodia while preserving the natural resource base MYA: Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes

Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction grant of $12M approved in Dec 2013 Impact: Improved agricultural productivity and enhanced livelihoods contributing to reduced rural poverty in Ayeyarwady Delta Region, the Central Dry Zone, Kayin State, and the Shan State Plateau Outcome: Improved essential social and productive rural infrastructure in the project-assisted villages GMS East-West Economic Corridor Agriculture Infrastructure Sector Project

(formerly Rural Access Improvement Project Along the EWEC) $60M loan for LAO approved in Sept 2013 Impact: Increased household incomes in the project areas Outcome: Increased agricultural productivity in the project areas Description of Project Outputs: Improved agriculture infrastructure Increased capacity of farmers to manage and use agriculture infrastructure efficiently Efficient project management Sustainable Natural Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement Project Approved $20 M grant in Feb 2009 for Lao

Impact: More efficient and sustainable natural resource management and improved sector productivity. Outcome: Enhanced institutional capacity at provincial and national levels to manage natural resource utilization in a sustainable manner. Description of Project Outputs: 1. Capacity building for ANR Sector management; 2. Investment in Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement; 3. Efficient project management Thank you very much

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