Drawing the Line JAMES RACHELS Nutrition Humans require proper nutrition Eating meat is necessary for a healthy human diet So, humans ought to eat meat (and consequently kill animals)
HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF VEGETARIANISM Vegetarian diets offer a number of advantages, including lower levels of saturated fat, cholesterol, and animal protein and higher levels of carbohydrates, fiber, magnesium, boron, folate, antioxidants such as vitamins C and E, carotenoids, and phytochemicals
Some vegan diets may have lower levels for vitamin B-12, vitamin D, calcium, zinc, and occasionally riboflavin Vegatarian diets (Relevant Nutrients: Protein, Zinc, Iron, Calcium, Vitamin D, Riboflavin, B-12, Fatty Acids, Iodine, Vitamin A For more see: ADA Position Paper on Vegetarian Diets: http://www.eatright.org/About/Content.aspx?id=8409
Justify our conduct of eating meat, hunting, etc. Need a distinction of beings that are worth of direct moral consideration See that in defining an animal for legal purposes warm-blooded
Having moral standing is matter of being human Objection: what it is about being a human that gives us this special status Biological categories do not e.g. brain size, opposable thumbs, or the ability to walk upright Does not tell us what it is about being human that deserves special status bio categories are irrelevant
Self-consciousness, autonomy, rationality E.g. Aristotle, Kant Having moral standing is the same as being a moral agent You have moral standing if you have the capacity for mroal judgment
and action E.g. contractarians 0 justice is a matter of keeping ones contract Sentience capacity to suffer, feel pain Just distinguishing is not enough We can provide a biological distinguishing feature Members of homo-sapiens e.g. having opposable thumbs
How do we get a feature which is relevant to morality? Consider other examples of moral treatment Why might one be rejected from a choir, and someone else not Why might one be rejected from the NBA; a someone else not Doris promoted; someone else not Charles congradulated for marriage; someone else not Autonomy
Humans are rational, autonomous agents who can guide their own conduct according to their desires and their conceptions of how they ought to live A child is not fully rational, autonomous So, the child we are allowed to control and direct, whereas another human we are not
Autonomy is a good explanation why we treat people differently (and rightly so) Self-consciousness Moral Agency Ability to Feel pain
There is no characteristic, or reasonbl small set of characteristcs, that ssets some creatures apart from oth There isnt a small group of characteristics To whom is it appropriat eto direct fundamental moral consideration?
To any individual who has any of the indefinitely long list of characteristics that constitute morally goodreasons why he or she should or should not be treated in any of the various ways in which invidiauls may be treated
Alternative Oblique View At Standard Grade an Oblique View may be drawn with the dimensions on the 45o angles at full size or half full size. The two drawings shown here show the different views generated by both methods. OBLIQUE...
Somerset LPC. Be prepared to Survive & Thrive In The New Pharmacy Contract! Main topics in presentation are back to basics: Nomination of patients. EPS and the NHSBSA…. Schedule of payments and impact of incorrect claiming. Prescription tracker. eRD. 24/01/2017...
Hi Everyone, thank you all for coming to First Defense Legal Aid's Volunteer Orientation. We are going to get started with a short video introducing you to false confessions in Chicago. *Play Terrell Swift Video* After Video: We like to...
Another is CIPD. Think about the statements CIPD makes on this slide in the context of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, and the other practices I list on slide 17. What is the evidence base for the practices that you use?
Micromechanics. The analysis of relationships between effective composite properties (i.e., stiffness, strength) and the material properties, relative volume contents, and geometric arrangement of the constituent materials.
Thesis Formula. A specific subject + a specific condition, feeling, or stand = an effective thesis statement. Video games are an important developmental tool for young people because they enhance eye-hand coordination, develop complex problem-solving skills, and promote self-confidence.
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