Theatre Terminology and Stage Directions

Theatre Terminology and Stage Directions

History of greek Theater Objectives: 1) To develop an understanding of the history of Western Theater. 2) To identify the individual parts of the ancient Greek theater. 3) Evaluate the cultural and historical context of Greek drama and its role in Greek society. The history of Greek Theater THEATER The theatre is a great semi-circle on the slope

of the Acropolis, with rows of stone seats on which about eighteen thousand spectators can sit. The history of Greek Theater THEATER The front row of the theater consists of marble chairs, the

only seats in the theatre which have backs, and these are reserved for the priests of Dionysus and the chief magistrates. Dionysus was the Greek god of fertility and wine. The history of Greek Theater history

Drama formed part of religious festivals. It was considered a religious event to attend the theatre. The Greek theatre was held outside, first in the market place, then in large open-air stadiums or theatres. The history of Greek

Theater The history of Greek Theater THEATRon Important people had stone seats reserved for them at the front of the theatre. It was one of the few public events to be attended by both men and women. There was a small entrance fee, but anyone

who could not afford it was allowed in for free. The history of Greek Theater Beyond the front row, is a circular space called the orchestra, where the Chorus sings. This was knowns as the dancing place. In the center of the orchestra area stands the altar (Thymele) of Dionysus (where sacrifices were made). Behind the orchestra, is the skene on which the actors will act, at the back of which is a building

painted to look like the front of a temple or a palace, to which the actors retire when they are not wanted on the stage or have to change their costumes. The history of Greek Theater The parodos is an entrance affording access either to the stage (for actors) or to the orchestra (for the chorus) of the ancient

Greek theater. ... The two parodoi are located on either side of the stage, between it and the theatron. The history of Greek Theater There was very little scenery on stage. The theater was open to the sky. Much would have been left up to the imagination The simplicity of the outward surroundings

would have made the audience give all their attention to the play and the acting. (This is known as scripting). The history of Greek Theater Plays were put on once a month and lasted a day. The plays were often about well-known stories, like myths, and legends. The members of the audience showed their

enjoyment by whistling and stamping their feet. If an actor made a mistake, or if the members of the audience did not like him, they would boo and sometimes throw stones at him. The history of Greek Theater All the actors were men. They wore masks to show the audience whether their characters were young or old,

ugly or beautiful and male or female. The masks were simple and the faces very exaggerated, so that they could be seen right at the back of the theatre. They had large open mouths to make the voices of the actors seem louder. The history of Greek Theater The chorus was an important part of a Greek play.

It was made up of a group of actors who, throughout the play, moved and spoke together and were dressed the same way. They talked to the audience and explained what was going on in the play and how they felt about it. Identifying parts of ancient Greek Theater an

Now lets identify and label the parts of the theatre.

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