The Speech Elements - Weebly

The Speech Elements - Weebly

s t n e m e l E h c e e p

S Th e i ng pr S f o y da 1 y p Hap

st Your speech must include Persuasive Elements Appeals to emotion Appeals to logic/reason Rhetorical Devices Rhetorical question Allusion Metaphor Imagery Parallelism

These These items items should should be be bolded bolded in in your your outline!! outline!! e

h t w e i v e R s Let s e

u q i n Tech Appeal to Emotion: Uses words, phrases, vivid details (imagery), anecdotes, personal experiences, and metaphors that attempt to engage and

arouse the readers feelings (fears, hopes, beliefs, etc.). Appeal to Logic/Reason: Direct to the listeners reasoning abilities and includes both reason and evidence. Facts, Statistics, and Examples. These appeals make it

harder for the reader to reject the speakers argument. Rhetorical Question: A question that does not require a reply. Speakers use rhetorical questions to suggest that the answer to the question is self-evident. Allusion: A reference to

a well-known person, place, event, or literary work. Metaphor: Directly compares two unlike things without using like or as. Imagery:

Words and phrases that appeal to the five senses. Creates vivid impressions for the listeners. Parallelism: A form of repetition in which a grammatical pattern is repeated. Example "Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any

hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty." Antithesis a figure of speech in which an opposition or contrast of ideas is expressed by parallelism of words that are the opposites of, or strongly contrasted with, each other, such as hatred stirs up strife, but love covers all sins Examples: It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we

had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way Speech is silver, but silence is gold. You are easy on the eyes, but hard on the heart. Analogy A comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification. Examples: There are plenty of fish in the sea. It was like men handling a fish which is still

alive and may jump back into the water Dumb gorgeous people should not be allowed to use literature when competing in the pickup pool. It's like bald people wearing hats. t n e m u g r A e

c i t c a r P Applying Skills To develop an argument, a speaker or writer gives reasons why the audience should think or behave in a certain way. You will select a statement or create your

own. List four reasons why your classmates should believe or behave as the statement indicates. Time to share! Share your argument with the person sitting next to you. As your peer presents their argument, answer the following questions on the back of your paper. Did the speaker use any persuasive techniques or rhetorical devices? Which ones? Did their argument persuade you to believe or behave

as their argument indicated? Explain your answer. On a piece of paper Write down two truths about yourself and one lie about yourself. Must be school appropriate!! d o r t In

e T n o i t c u s e u

q i n h c ion t c u d o ntr

i x ! i ! s h e c h e t e

of sp e r u n o o y se in u s

t e s u u q You m techni Startling Statement Begin your speech with a brief statement that surprises your audience and thus catches their attention.

Example: Jessie is a normal three-year-old child except for one thingshe is the victim of child abuse. She has already been hospitalized with broken bones four times in her short life. Question Ask a question. Your audience will listen carefully so that they hear the answer. Example: What do Albert Einstein, Cher, and Tom Cruise have in common? They have all overcome dyslexia, a learning disability

that interferes with the ability to read. Story Tell a brief story, or anecdote. An audience is hooked by a story. Example: Many years ago, a stranger arrived in our little town of Baldwin. He wore ragged clothes and carried a walking stick Quotation Open with a quotation that fits your topic. You might

quote a recognized expert on your topic or you might use a quotation because it expresses an idea in a creative way. Example: Abraham Lincoln once said, You can fool some of the people all of the time and all of the people some of the time; but you cant fool all the people all of the time. We can no longer be fooled by the media circulation of gossip and tabloid tales. Personal Reference Give a personal reference in the introduction. This relates the speech topic directly to the audiences

experience. Example: I am sure all of you at one time in your life participated in a school activity or a school sport. For many of you, the experience of participating in a school activity or sport was memorable, but for some of you it was not. Arouse the Audiences Curiosity It is the most common chronic disease in the United States. Controllable but incurable, it is a symptomless disease. You can have it for years and never know until it kills you. Some 40 million Americans have this disease, and 300,000 will

die from it before the year is out. Odds are that five of us in this class have it. What am I talking about? Not cancer. Not AIDS. Not heart disease. I am talking about hypertensionhigh blood pressure. Speaking Dos and Donts Determine if your slip of paper is a do or dont of speaking. When your number is called, stand up and read your sentence to the

class. s o D g n i k Spea 1. Practicing your speech is extremely important. Make

sure you are familiar with your information, so that you have great eye contact with your audience. 2. Practice your speech and pay attention to the pitch and volume of your voice. 3. While practicing, listen for fillers such as: uhh, hmmm, you know, etc.insert transitions instead. 4. Filler words can be distracting to the listener, and make the speaker appear uncertain. Practice in front of friends, family, and pets. 5. Time yourself, and make sure you are not speeding through your speech. If you give yourself time to practice, nervousness and stage fright will have less of an impact on your delivery.

6. When writing a speech it is important to pay attention to what you have to say first. It is possible to lose an audience in the first few words that leave your mouth. 7. People use jokes, famous quotes, striking statistics, and attention grabbers to get the audiences attention right away. Whatever it takes makes those first few sentences count. 8. Involve your audience by asking them thought provoking questions. 9. Recap points throughout the speech making connections for the audience.

10.Use facts, expert opinions, statistics, and other 11.Anecdotes make information personal and push emotional buttons to make speeches memorable. 12.The conclusion of your speech is where you bring it all together. This is where you dramatically conclude your information. This is the time to drive your point home. 13.Your last words should be the ones that repeat themselves in a persons head, and make them think 3 days after delivery. 14.A straightforward conclusion will come across as hardhitting and well thought out. 15.Stand straight at the podium, set your hands gently on the podium or by your sides, and have great eye

contact. s t n o D g n i k a

Spe 16.Do not chew gum! 17.Do not make distracting hand gestures. 18.Do not fidget. 19.Do not stop and start over (always keep going). 20.Avoid fillers such as: uhhh, ummm, so, like, etc 21.Avoid talking too fast! 22.Do not read your speech word for word from your outline (instead, have good eye contact). 23.Do not tap your fingers, hit the podium, or perform distracting movements.

24.Do not hold your outline in front of your face. 25. Do not allow yourself to be distracted by the audience. 26. Do not leave the audience scratching their heads at the end of your speech. 27.Do not be nervous! 28.Do not always look at the same spot in the room. 29.Do not mumble! Sample Brainstorm! Turn to page 5 in your packet.

Review sample! Your brainstorming sheet must be completed by the end of the period. I will check it tomorrow while you type your outline. For homework tonight you should produce a handwritten outline. Sample Outline You will type an outline for your speech. The outline is due on Monday, March 26. A revised copy of your outline is due prior to giving your speech Bring two copies of your outline the day of your speech!! In your outline, be sure to bold your 5 rhetorical devices!!!!

Use the remainder of the period to complete the brainstorm/prewriting handout. This is worth 15 points. Turn it in when you are finished then begin your outline.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Macroeconomic Development

    Macroeconomic Development

    MACROECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BANK OF ALBANIA Inflation Contribution of CPI components to yearly inflation Inflation projection Exports, Imports Current Account FDI (% of GDP) Exchange rate Deposit, credit and the REPO rates Fiscal Policy Total debt over GDP has remained fairly...
  • A Mixed Methods Review of Cash Transfers & Intimate Partner ...

    A Mixed Methods Review of Cash Transfers & Intimate Partner ...

    Mixed method work: Only 1 study qualifying (Ecuador cash, food & vouchers), difficult to triangulate findings—leaves unanswered questions. Inter-disciplinary work: Study teams for quant tend to be dominated by Economists (all published papers in Econ journals) with 1-2 exceptions-qual more...
  • Thursday, April 15, 2010 - Commack Schools

    Thursday, April 15, 2010 - Commack Schools

    Government agencies did a poor job of managing. For example, a coll. farm might have good machinery, but no means of fixing it when it broke down. Task: Write a bio-poem on one of Gorbachev's reforms (either Glasnost or Perestroika)...
  • NYC PUBLIC SCHOOLS Whats your favorit e  part?

    NYC PUBLIC SCHOOLS Whats your favorit e part?

    So, What is Recycling?. Recycling = Taking a product or material and turning it into a usable raw material to make another product.. Recycling, as opposed to reusing, is something that requires not just physical, but chemical, changes in a...
  • 2 Standards for Measurement with Tables Careful and

    2 Standards for Measurement with Tables Careful and

    1 kilogram (kg) is the mass of a . Pt-Ir. cylinder standard. Metric to English Conversions. Metric Units of Mass. 1 kg = 2.2015 pounds (lbs) ... The units of density are generally expressed as g/mL or. g/cm. 3. for...
  • New Literature Experience - Library Homepage

    New Literature Experience - Library Homepage

    Literature Resource Center Guided Tour Tour takes about 8 minutes. The show will run automatically, but you can also use the left and right arrows on your keyboard to move through the slides manually. Literature Resource Center is a comprehensive...
  • Collaborate PASadena Coming together. Working together. Succeeding together.

    Collaborate PASadena Coming together. Working together. Succeeding together.

    Geoff Albert, Community Engagement Specialist ... Office of Assemblymember Chris Holden. Office of Congresswoman Judy Chu. Office of State Senator Anthony Portantino. Orange Heights Neighborhood Association. Outward Bound Adventures. Pacific Clinics. Pasadena Altadena Coalition of ...
  • Chapter 1

    Chapter 1

    Map Projections. How to transfer data from a roughly spherical object to a flat sheet of paper has puzzled and challenged cartographers for centuries. Major Dilemma: Equivalence vs. Conformality. Equivalent projection - equal area. Conformal projection - proper angular relationships....