The Simplification and The Reformulation of Unggah-ungguh ...
THE SIMPLIFICATION AND THE REFORMULATION OF UNGGAHUNGGUH JAVANESE LANGUAGE STRATIFICATION BY SUWARNA JAVANESE DEPARTEMENT YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITY WHY UNGGAH-UNGGUH NEEDED SIMPLIFIED AND REFORMULATED?
FOR BEGANNING UNGGAH-UNGGUH JAVANESE LANGUAGE STRATIFICATION IS VERY COMPLICATED, COMPLEX, SOPHISTICATED. UNGGAH-UNGGUH HAVE TWELVE FUNCTION 1. Basa ngoko a.Ngoko lugu b.Ngoko andhap 1) ngoko andhap antya basa 2) ngoko andhap basa antya
2. Basa madya a. Madya ngoko b. Madyantara c. Madya krama 3. Basa Krama desa 4. Basa krama a. Mudha krama b. Kramantara c. Wredha krama 5. Basa krama inggil.
6. Basa kedhaton UNGGAH-UNGGUH : - VERY DIFFICULT FOR COMMUNICATION - MAKE CONFUSED - DIFFICULT FOR LESSON - NO PRACTICE - NO PRAGMATIC - NOW RARE IS USED AND - UNPRODUCTIVE
SIMPLIFICATION 12 3 NGOKO MADYA KRAMA
2 NGOKO KRAMA MADYA STRATIFICATION PARTIAL USER, LESS EDUCATION PEOPLE WHO USE BASA MADYA ARE JUDGE AS UN-EDUCATION LESS/NO PRESTIGE NOT TOUGH AT SCHOOL: NOT INTELLECT AND
PRESTIGE SO NEED SIMPLIFIED BECOME 2 SIMPLIFY TO SECOND STEPS 1. BASA NGOKO a. ngoko lugu b. ngoko alus 2. BASA KRAMA a. krama lugu b. krama alus
THE ARGUMENT SIMPLIFY BECOME 2 STRATIFICATION 1. 2. 3. 4. NOT DIFFICULT
REPRESENTATIVE ENOUGH EASY TO REMEMBER, TO TEACH AND TO LEARN REFORMULATIONS DHANDHANGGULA Marriage is very sacrifice between Delina and Hari Rahmat the both are patner very well
good luck for your honeymoon man does he can but God what he will you dont afraid must calm to day and continue father mother are always calm we will pray of God you have children quickly reformist daughter or son NGOKO LUGU & KRAMA LUGU
P 1 P2 p3 P1 : the speaker P2 : the listener p3 : person who is talked to NGOKO ALUS & KRAMA ALUS P 1 P2 p3 P1 : the speaker P2 : the listener
p3 : person who is talked to DISCUSSION 1. FORMULATION IS NOT ABSOLUTE 2. FORMULATION SENSITIVELY CONTEXTS 3. CONTEXTDELL HYMES: Setting and scene, participants, and, act, key, instrument, and genre MULTICULTURALISM
1. HYPHOTHESIS SAPHIR-WHORF: culture integrated language 2. BOAS, BLOOMFIELS, AHIMSA PUTRA: there is any relation between language and culture. 3. ABDUL WAHAb language and behavior: ngapurancang 4. Unggah-ungguh Javaanese language reflect
multifarious internally (multicultural) like hypthothesis Saphir-Whorf: etiquette of behavior, etiquette of language use, respecting others, esteming others of pursuant to degre, rank, and occupation (derajat, pangkat, semat). (remember Goffman: Face Threatening Act: to fulfill speaking norm rules, Leech: modesty maxim, Robin Lakoff: the politness, that is be polite with the communications partner.
CONLUSION 1. Progressively simplification 2. Steps of simplification: 12 become 3 become 2: ngoko lugu and alus, krama lugu and alus. 3. The formula P1 P2 p3 for lugu, P1 P2 p3 for alus. 4. My prediction to next one generation javanese language stratification is ngoko lugu and krama alus. Maybe
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