The Preterit

The Preterit

El Pretrito de los verbos 1 El Pretrito: is a past tense (-ed) talks about what happened is a completed action I went to the store. I bought a shirt. I paid in cash. 2

The stem for regular verbs in the pretrito is the infinitive stem. Tomar tomHablar hablComer comBeber bebAbrir abrSalirsal- 3 Pretrito endings for -ar verbs are:

- -aste - -amos -asteis -aron 4 Pretrito endings for er / ir verbs are: - -iste

-i -imos -isteis -ieron 5 REMEMBER: accents on the yo form and the l / ella / Ud.

form -ar / -ir nosotros form is the same in present and pretrito 6 Por ejemplo: (-ar verbs) tom tomaste tom

tomamos tomasteis tomaron tomar 7 Por ejemplo: (-ar verbs) habl hablaste habl

hablamos hablasteis hablaron hablar 8 Por ejemplo: (-ar verbs) trabaj trabajamos

trabajaste trabajasteis trabaj trabajaron trabajar 9 Por ejemplo: (-er / -ir verbs) com comiste comi

comimos comisteis comieron comer 10 Por ejemplo: (-er / -ir verbs) volv volviste

volvi volvimos volvisteis volvieron volver 11 Por ejemplo: (-er / -ir verbs) abr

abriste abri abrimos abristeis abrieron abrir 12 Por ejemplo: (-er / -ir verbs)

escrib escribimos escribiste escribisteis escribi escribieron escribir 13 Verbs ending in -car, -gar, Unos Irregulares: and

-zar have a spelling change in the yo form of the pretrito. buscar tocar practicar pagar jugar llegar almorzar empezar comenzar 14

The yo form of the pretrito changes to conserve the sound of the infinitive: -car -gar -zar -qu -gu -c toc

jug rez 15 Por ejemplo: (-car verbs) busqu buscaste busc

buscamos buscasteis buscaron buscar 16 Por ejemplo: (-car verbs)

practiqu practicamos practicaste practicasteis practic practicaron practicar 17 Por ejemplo: (-gar verbs)

pagu pagaste pag pagamos pagasteis pagaron pagar 18 Por ejemplo:

(-gar verbs) jugu jugaste jug jugamos jugasteis jugaron jugar 19

Por ejemplo: (-zar verbs) almorc almorzamos almorzaste almorzasteis almorz almorzaron almorzar 20

Por ejemplo: (-zar verbs) empec empezamos empezaste empezasteis empez empezaron empezar 21 Preterite of -ir

stem-changing verbs You know that stem changes in the present tense take place in all forms except nosotros and vosotros. Preferir (e > ie) Prefiero ver programas deportistas. Pedir (e > I) Pedimos los espeguetis. (No change) Preterite of -ir stem-changing verbs

In the preterite, -ir verbs like preferir, pedir, and dormir also have stem changes but only in the 3rd person-Ud./l/ella and Uds./ellos/ellas forms. In these forms e changes to i and o changes to u. PREFERIR (e > i) prefer preferimos

preferiste preferisteis prefiri prefirieron PEDIR (e > i) ped pedimos

pediste pedisteis pidi pidieron DORMIR (o > ue) dorm dormimos

dormiste dormisteis durmi durmieron Preterite of -ir stem-changing verbs Mi mam se aburri y se durmi

durante la pelcula. Mis padres prefieron ver el concurso de belleza. En la liga compitieron los mejores equipos de Mxico. RER (e > i) re remos reste

resteis ri rieron DIVERTIRSE (e > i) me divert nos divertimos te divertiste os divertisteis se divirti

se divirtieron

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Mathematical modelling and computer animation

    Mathematical modelling and computer animation

    Mesh behaves as normal object Flow simulation computation is very expensive Import via next limit plugin Lighting and camera Camera path is ellipsoid spiral spline Rendered with VRay render, Indirect illumination calcualtion Lighting made via HDRI map of interior Rendering...
  • MODULE CAPABILITIES Your Name, Regional Sales Manager by

    MODULE CAPABILITIES Your Name, Regional Sales Manager by

    Having the right materials for your solutions mean we can meet the rigorous requirements of your design in a wide variety of applications. ... thermal, and photometric validation. Conformal coating material is an available option. It is applied to an...


    Add any encouraging talking points you can use to "seal the deal" and get your ACE participants motivated to want to enroll in VR services to explore and achieve CIE with you, except as noted below. Exceptions: Working with ACE...


    NH. 3 is a weak base, H 2. O is a neutral and HF is acid. HYDROGEN AND IT'S COMPOUNDS. COVALENT OR MOLECULAR HYDRIDES : ... • Dilute aqueous solution of H. 2 O 2. is fairly stable in acid...
  • ESFA powerpoint template

    ESFA powerpoint template

    Devolution of Adult Education Budget (AEB) For 2018/19: Under 'influence' funding allocations. Potential transitional year arrangement. Full devolution to MayoralCombinedAuthorities and Greater London Authority in 2019/20 . Manage a smooth transition of the existing £556m ESF Programme beyond July 2018
  • College Credit Plus History & Facts Founded in

    College Credit Plus History & Facts Founded in

    Scholarships are available for LEC CCP students once . enrolled . full-time after high school graduation. Enjoy . free access to all LEC sporting events with your student . ID. T. ake up to 30 credit hours a year. Books...
  • Acme - California State University, Northridge

    Acme - California State University, Northridge

    (Library Case) * Breach of Duty Calculus of the Risk 1) Likelihood of Harm 2) Seriousness of Harm vs. 3) Cost of Prevention and/or 4) Utility of the Activity Violation of a Statute Is the Violation of a Statute Considered...
  • The We say the  when there is only

    The We say the when there is only

    You can use the in this way with these nationality words: the British - the Welsh - the Spanish - the Dutch - the English - the Irish - the French - The Swiss . Also with nationality words ending...