The Preterit

The Preterit

El Pretrito de los verbos 1 El Pretrito: is a past tense (-ed) talks about what happened is a completed action I went to the store. I bought a shirt. I paid in cash. 2

The stem for regular verbs in the pretrito is the infinitive stem. Tomar tomHablar hablComer comBeber bebAbrir abrSalirsal- 3 Pretrito endings for -ar verbs are:

- -aste - -amos -asteis -aron 4 Pretrito endings for er / ir verbs are: - -iste

-i -imos -isteis -ieron 5 REMEMBER: accents on the yo form and the l / ella / Ud.

form -ar / -ir nosotros form is the same in present and pretrito 6 Por ejemplo: (-ar verbs) tom tomaste tom

tomamos tomasteis tomaron tomar 7 Por ejemplo: (-ar verbs) habl hablaste habl

hablamos hablasteis hablaron hablar 8 Por ejemplo: (-ar verbs) trabaj trabajamos

trabajaste trabajasteis trabaj trabajaron trabajar 9 Por ejemplo: (-er / -ir verbs) com comiste comi

comimos comisteis comieron comer 10 Por ejemplo: (-er / -ir verbs) volv volviste

volvi volvimos volvisteis volvieron volver 11 Por ejemplo: (-er / -ir verbs) abr

abriste abri abrimos abristeis abrieron abrir 12 Por ejemplo: (-er / -ir verbs)

escrib escribimos escribiste escribisteis escribi escribieron escribir 13 Verbs ending in -car, -gar, Unos Irregulares: and

-zar have a spelling change in the yo form of the pretrito. buscar tocar practicar pagar jugar llegar almorzar empezar comenzar 14

The yo form of the pretrito changes to conserve the sound of the infinitive: -car -gar -zar -qu -gu -c toc

jug rez 15 Por ejemplo: (-car verbs) busqu buscaste busc

buscamos buscasteis buscaron buscar 16 Por ejemplo: (-car verbs)

practiqu practicamos practicaste practicasteis practic practicaron practicar 17 Por ejemplo: (-gar verbs)

pagu pagaste pag pagamos pagasteis pagaron pagar 18 Por ejemplo:

(-gar verbs) jugu jugaste jug jugamos jugasteis jugaron jugar 19

Por ejemplo: (-zar verbs) almorc almorzamos almorzaste almorzasteis almorz almorzaron almorzar 20

Por ejemplo: (-zar verbs) empec empezamos empezaste empezasteis empez empezaron empezar 21 Preterite of -ir

stem-changing verbs You know that stem changes in the present tense take place in all forms except nosotros and vosotros. Preferir (e > ie) Prefiero ver programas deportistas. Pedir (e > I) Pedimos los espeguetis. (No change) Preterite of -ir stem-changing verbs

In the preterite, -ir verbs like preferir, pedir, and dormir also have stem changes but only in the 3rd person-Ud./l/ella and Uds./ellos/ellas forms. In these forms e changes to i and o changes to u. PREFERIR (e > i) prefer preferimos

preferiste preferisteis prefiri prefirieron PEDIR (e > i) ped pedimos

pediste pedisteis pidi pidieron DORMIR (o > ue) dorm dormimos

dormiste dormisteis durmi durmieron Preterite of -ir stem-changing verbs Mi mam se aburri y se durmi

durante la pelcula. Mis padres prefieron ver el concurso de belleza. En la liga compitieron los mejores equipos de Mxico. RER (e > i) re remos reste

resteis ri rieron DIVERTIRSE (e > i) me divert nos divertimos te divertiste os divertisteis se divirti

se divirtieron

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