Gram Positive Bacteria Grouped based on C + G ratio (nitrogen bases cytosine and guanine) Divided into 2 Phyla Firmicutes (low C + G ) Actinobacteria (High C + G) Firmicutes Low G + C ratio Includes endospore forming and wall-less bacteria
enterotoxin - induces vomiting exfolatin toxin scalded skin syndrome Folliculitis Impetigo MRSA and VRSA Lactobacillales Commercially important Aerotolerant or facultative anaerobes
Lactobacillus Aerotolerant; Lactic acid fermenting rod common in vagina, intestinal tract, and oral cavity used in production of pickles, buttermilk, and yogurt Streptococcus chains of cocci
Aerotolerant; Lactic acid fermenter Pathogenic strains produce multiple extra-cellular enzymes and toxins Responsible for more illnesses and a greater variety of diseases than any other group of bacteria Beta-hemolytic streptococci S. pyogenes
Impetigo, strep throat, scarlet fever, necrotizing fascitis Alpha-hemolytic streptococci S. pneumoniae Pneumonia, ear infections, sinusitis, meningitis S. mutans
May be responsible for stillbirths and birth defects Mollicutes (mycoplasmas) Mycoplasmatales
Wall-less, highly pleomorphic Very small (0.1 - 0.24 m) May produce filaments Degenerative evolution Mycoplasma M. pneumoniae walking pneumonia
Spiroplasma Corkscrew morphology plant pathogen and parasite of plant feeding insects Actinobacteria High G + C
Mycobacterium acid fast; aerobic rods; filamentous growth non-endospore former; mycolic acid M. tuberculosis tuberculosis M. leprae - leprosy Corynebacterium
Club shaped, metachromatic granules C. diphtheriae diphtheria Propionibacterium propionic acid fermenter Important in swiss cheese production P. acnes commonly found on
human skin; primary cause of bacterial acne Gardnerella gram variable; highly plemorphic G. vaginalis bacterial vaginitis Actinomycetes Common soil inhabitants
Branching filaments Asexual spores Frankia, Streptomyces, Actinomyces Streptomyces most antibiotics are produced by Streptomyces species about 500 known species asexual spores (conidospores)
Produce gaseous geosmin Actinomyces facultative anaerobes mouth and throat of animals A. israelii - actinomycosis (tissue-destroying disease affecting the head, neck, or lungs) Frankia nitrogen fixing bacteria Forms root nodules with alder trees
Domain Archaea Highly diverse morphology and physiology Frequently inhabit extreme environments Three primary groups are halophiles, thermophiles and methanogens Currently classified into 3 Phyla Crenarchaeota
Euryarchaeota Korarchaeota Euryarchaeota Gram+ to gram variable halophiles, methanogens and a few thermophiles Halobacteriales Obligate halophiles Bacteriorhodopsin based light capturing system
Methanobacteriales Methanogens Convert CO2, H2 and organic acids into methane Largest known group of archaea Gram +; Obligate
RLB (14-18) =1.829 (14-18 = ADL score) RLA (4-13) =1.256 (4-13 = ADL score) PD2(11-15) =1.323 (11-15 = ADL score) This is called payment maximization. The system automatically assigns the RUG that would give the highest rate of payment if...
There are four structures. Sequence Control Structure Selection Control Structure Also referred to as branching (if and if-else) Case Control Structure (switch) Repetition Control Structure (loops) CIS162AD * Flowcharting A flowchart is a pictorial representation of an algorithm or logical...
How was I supposed to know PDF files differ?" What Readers Said "Bad formatting! Some people don't seem to be checking!" What Readers Said "Full color art. eHarlequin does the best job with covers and inside extras." What Readers Said...
Andy Coldman . Anthony Miller. John Goffin. William Flanagan. Claude Nadeau. Keiko Asakawa. Michael Wolfson. Nicole Mittmann. Heather Bryant. Gina Lockwood. Sharon Fung. The Cancer Risk Management Model is funded by Health Canada through the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer.
By the early 1900s, most dismissed this as a valid theory of criminal behavior. Changes in legal system didn't lower crime rates "Armchair theorizing" questioned. Humans as "determined" rather than "rational" From early 1900s until the 1970s, the positive school...
Kinematics Quiz. Tuesday 10/08. Introduction to Newton's Laws of Motion. Assignment: Do Newton's Laws of Motion worksheets. Wednesday 10/09. Introduction to Motion Research Paper. Work on Research Paper in class. Thursday 10/10.
Accepting death leads to a meaningful life. People cannot spend their lives worrying about how they will die. Everyone dies eventually; people should live everyday like it's their last to have a valuable and happy life. I don't want to...
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