Providing Cavities Leave a snag on your property (woodpeckers) Provide a nesting box (secondary cavity
nesters) Vegetation for Cover Plant or maintain a variety of plant species Increase vertical height diversity
Organized Chaos Stop mowing! WATER Water
Bird baths Running water Ponds Space
Example: Trees and a Bird Scale-dependent Decisions of a Wren and a Hawk Tract Home Range Habitat Patches
Food Patches Tract Home Range Habitat Patches Food Patches
Different Birds Make Decisions at Different Scales Larger birds = broader scales and larger patch sizes Smaller birds = limited scales and smaller patch sizes
How To Plan For Space? Be aware of habitats surrounding your property and plan accordingly Think about the size of the bird Talk with your neighbors (e.g., plan bigger patches) Experiment! Embrace uncertainty!
Summary Bird Habitat food, cover, water , & space Life Stages breeding, wintering, & migration Food - plant for insects, fruit, nectar & small
animals; provide bird feeders Summary Cover - vertical height diversity; wild areas; keep snags, provide nest boxes Water ponds, bird baths, running water
Space scale and bird size, talk with neighbors, group vegetation Landscaping for Butterflies Giant Swallowtail By Joe Schaefer
Habitat for Butterflies Life History of Butterflies (Lepidopterans) Egg
By Sharon David Butterflies vs. Moths Butterflies Most fly during day Most are bright
colors Have slender bodies Antennae slender & have knobs at tip Most rest with wings folded above body
Most fly at night Many have drab colors Have stout bodies Antennae can be feathery, no knobs Rest with wings
horizontal Food for Caterpillars Host plants must be tailored to specific butterflies Some plants are hosts to several different butterflies (passion vine Gulf fritillary,
Zebra long wing) Some feed on one specific plant Pipevine swallowtail feeds on Dutchmans Pipe Food for Caterpillars An easy way to provide larval food: Do not mow certain sections of the yard!
If you do plant a garden, dont forget host plants for larvae! Food for Adult Butterflies Phlox
Milkweed Purple Coneflower Thistle Photos courtesy of www.flwildflowers.com
Additional Food for Adult Butterflies Rotting fruits: oranges, apples, bananas
By Joe Schaefer Cover for Butterflies Increase vertical height diversity Plan for natural areas Brush Pile
Butterfly boxes do not really work Provide Basking Area Provide lots of sunny areas Place flat stones in these sunny areas
Provide Puddling Areas Include damp areas or shallow puddles using sand or dirt as base Provides source of minerals, especially sodium By Joe Schaefer
Reduce Pesticide Use Almost all pesticides are non-specific, they kill both the pest species and butterflies Spot treat areas Space for Butterflies
Group flowers and host plants together, make large patches Yard contains sunny areas, puddling areas, and woody areas for cover Think about the landscape near your property
Benefit to Pollinators Your butterfly garden attracts a whole host of insect pollinators Important for production of vegetables and fruit !
Summary Food - flowering plants for adults and host plants for caterpillars Cover - dense vegetation or a brush pile Basking and puddling areas
Reduce pesticide use Space group plants; what surrounds your yard?
Where to Find Info on Butterfly - Plant Associations? www.wec.ufl.edu/extension Florida Butterfly Gardening Book Marc & Maria Minnow
Design Process First year Third year
Get to Know Your Property OBSERVATION Shady areas Wet areas High traffic areas Existing plants Views
Topography Step 1 Draw a Base Plan Sketch your site (to scale) Draw property lines
House, driveway Fences, any other human-built structure Step 2 Sketch Existing Landscape Structure
Water (where is it? where does it go?)
Views (good views and unsightly views) Type of soil Plants (what kind, where are they?) Topography (low and high ground) Step 3
Checklist of Desired Uses Functional areas humans Functional areas wildlife Step 4
Create a Diagram Draw your future landscape Step 5
Summary - Landscaping for Birds & Butterflies Refer to www.wec.ufl.edu/extension Habitat - food, cover, water, and space Take time to design Bird Monitoring Program
Create simple, standardized methods to survey birds Create a Web site linked to a data base where participants can enter and view collected bird data
Utility Can measure how bird diversity changes over time Participants can compare results and interact with other wildlife landscapers Participants interact with their environment Added component for any educational or experiential program
Point Count Stationary survey of birds in a given area Used for small lots or landscapes where it is difficult to walk through
Point Count 10 minutes 20 m Transect Count
A route is walked and birds are counted on each side Used for large properties or surveys of neighborhoods Transect Count
20 m 20 m Enter and View Data Participants enter data through the Web site (need User ID and Survey Code)
Anybody can view the results online THE WEB SITE! Florida Bird Monitoring Program
http://bird.ifas.ufl.edu Florida Wildlife Habitat Program Certification Program: Apply through the wildlife extension web site
www.wec.ufl.edu/extension Participants describe current yard, wildlife seen and future landscaping plans We evaluate and make recommendations Upon certification, participants receive a certificate and sign
Summary Wildlife Info: www.wec.ufl.edu/extension Landscaping for birds and butterflies: - Food, Cover, Water, and Space Bird monitoring program Certify your yard
Acknowledgements Developed by: Dr. Mark Hostetler, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, IFAS, University of Florida, 2001. Acknowledgements
Photo & Sound Credits: Mark Hostetler, Joe Schafer, and Dan Sudia USGS Patuxent Bird Center (Bird Photos): http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/Infocenter/infocenter.html FL Museum of Natural History: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu Flower Photos: Florida Wildflower Showcase : http://www.flwildflowers.com
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