The Digital Future: Social and Economic Impacts of the ...

The Digital Future: Social and Economic Impacts of the ...

"Information and Communication Technologies and Information Gateways" ECOWAS/IT Our Vision to become a Knowledge organization that spurs the knowledge revolution in developing countries and acts as a catalyst for creating, sharing, and applying cutting edge knowledge necessary for poverty reduction and economic development Why focus on Knowledge? The knowledge revolution offers a historic opportunity to redraw the global economy by: enhancing competitiveness of developing countries offering new opportunities for economic growth leapfrogging technologies increasing returns on investments in education and health

empowerment of local communities and the poor But there is also the risk of a growing divide. both in access to knowledge and in access to the technologies that are powering the knowledge revolution Teledensity Evolution: Mainlines by Region Millions 200 150 100 50 0 Asia Eastern Latin Pacific Europe

America Middle East/North Africa 1990 1999 Data Source: Pyramid, 2000 Sub-Saharan Africa Defining the Digital Divide : how serious an issue is it ? The Situation in Terms of Aggregate Connectivity Level Has Been Improving, 700 Million 600

500 400 300 200 100 0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 Fixed+Mobile -- OECD Fixed+Mobile -- Non-OECD

Internet Subs -- OECD Internet Subs -- Non-OECD 1998 1999 Source: Pyramid Research, 2000 14,000 More Wealth Created 12,000 Billion US$ 10,000 DJIA Mkt. Cap 8,000 NASDAQ Mkt. Cap 6,000

Total Mkt. Cap 4,000 2,000 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 March Last 5 Years Now Connectivity is only part of the story Divergence in wealth creation is a major concern Other Dimensions of the Divide

Internet Hosts (millions) Connectivity 50 30 m (70%) 40 11 m (26%) 30 1.5 m (4%) (the first ten countries amount for 1.2 m) 20 10 0 Content Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. 95 96 97 98 99 US

Other industrialized countries Developing countries Jan 2000: 72.4 m Internet Hosts Source: Network Wizards, World Bank, 1999 7% of World Pop. Speaks English 75% of Worldwide Web-sites are in English Regional Patterns of Convergence and Divergence Growth in Internet hosts, 1999 Africa 18% 74% North America 136% Latin America 61%

Asia Europe Data Source: ITU, 1999 30% Cross-Country Inequality: Information Infrastructure Investments Skewed toward Rich Countries Information Infrstructure Investments, 1991 - 1998 700,000 600,000 US$ Millions 500,000 OECD Sub-Saharan Africa 400,000 Middle East/North Africa

Latin America 300,000 Eastern Europe Asia Pacific 200,000 100,000 0 1991-1994 Source: Pyramid Research, 2000 1995-1998 Within-Country Inequality By Income: % of Households with Private Telephones By Geographic Region: % of urban/rural households with telephones 80% 100%

60% 80% 40% 60% 45.7% 40% 20% 20% 0% Wealthiest Quintile Quintile 4 Quintile 3 Quintile 2

P oorest Quintile Panama Source: LSMS, the World Bank 4.7% 0% Urban Rural South Africa National Information Infrastructure (scope and quality) The Promise and Peril of the Networking Revolution Adopter Countries broadband revolution

The US broadband revolution e c en g r e nv o C Divergence Time Source: Pyramid Research, 2000 Latecomers Strategies Connectivity is a requirement It is next to impossible to envision markets with less than 5%

voice penetration leapfrogging into Internet connectivity Competition is the Vehicle Competition leads to decreased prices, subscriber growth & new technology development. We must promote competition, while supporting universal access via innovative government support, focusing on convergence issues Infrastructure Support Systems Are Critical Systems and services that support and deliver information such as postal and financial services, are a vital component of public action Education is the Enabler Internet has higher social entry barriers than voice, requiring literacy and ICT exposure at a minimum Networking and Poverty Reduction ICTs for Economic Growth - enhanced competitiveness - increased business opportunities - access to market for rural communities ICTs for Improved Delivery of Social Services - better health/education/environmental services - reducing vulnerability to natural disasters ICTs for Greater Transparency

- improved efficiency on government procurement - reduced corruption - increased civil society participation ICTs for Empowerment of the Poor - allowing the poor to better communicate their concerns Our response is focused on Supporting the enabling environment for efficient creation, adaptation and dissemination of knowledge Building Human Capacity for the Knowledge Economy Expanding Access Supporting knowledge sharing through research, networking and communities of practice Our Response. ECOWAN A Number of Key Special Initiatives Global ICT Department Global

Knowledge Partnership Global Development Learning Network Global Development Network African Virtual University infoDev Development Forum How These Initiatives Fit Together Supporting the enabling environment Building Capacity for the Knowledge Economy ECOWAN Global ICT Dept.

African Virtual University Global Development Learning Network World Links for Development How These Initiatives Fit Together (cont.) Expanding Access WB and IFC lending for ICT infrastructure Supporting knowledge sharing through research, networking and communities of practice Development Gateway Global Development Network Global Knowledge Partnership

WB Knowledge Sharing Network Development Forum infoDev: The Concept Consensus Building/ Awareness Raising Finance & Know-How from : Governments UNSD, ECOWAS, EU, ITU, World Bank, etc. Private Sector ECOWAN Information Infrastructure Strategies Pilot Projects Telecom

Reform Taxonomy of Funded Projects Active and Completed Projects by Category & Main Activity Activities & ETelecoms Internet Education Health EnvironmentGovernment Commerce Categories Networks and Communitties of Interest 1 25 2 1 Policy 14

6 . . Capacity Building 12 17 4 1 4 Pilot and Demonstration 1 10

8 7 7 Total 28 58 14 9 13 March, 2001 2 Total 1

32 2 20 3 41 6 10 49 6 16 144 Work Program FY00 Georgias Demonstration projects Stories Exchange Net Sofias MIS

Metabase de Datos Empowering people with disabilities -Guatemala MicroNet National Graduate Registry INDEV Indias Rural Health Care Planet University IS Knowledge Network for Grassroots Information infrastructure forAsia Pacific Telecom. Uganda Regulatory Forum E commerce Uganda and Tanzania African Connection-Rural Telecom Y2K Health Sector Coord. RFP/Analysis ICT indicators 15 iCSF Conferences PeopleLink Information Strategy Tool Kit/UNITAR Work Program FY01

NAROD project Data Fusion for Flow Analysis and Decision Support E-Readiness Morocco Exploring Adequate Telecom Empowering Local E-Readiness Egypt Sector Reform Models in China Communities in Mexico UNECA/Cisco Training of Women Entrepreneurs Inter-city Marketing Network for OHADA.com Women Micro-entrepreneurs Improving Healthcare & Education through shared ICTs CDI Intl. Expansion USTTI Africa Kindlink Houses and Families RITS project Community Telecenters Country Gateways

Global Knowledge for Development Online Forum iCSF Workshops ACT 2000 ICANN (Yokohama & LA) MT 2000 OECD Dubai infoDev-Motorola Visiting Fellowship Program Online ICT Resource Center for the Global Development Community Creating a Global Information Network on Distance Education Regulatory Colloquium Flagship Initiatives EDUCATION CONNECTIVITY REGULATORY IN AFRICA Y2K Initiative EFFORTS

Networking ITU Regulatory UNECA Global for Innovation in Colloquia Connectivity for Technology & Africa Conference infoDev Symposia Teacher Training MOTOROLA ICO 21 st Pyramid Report Visiting Scholars African century Fellowship Communi. Analysis Report Connec. CISCO Training for Rural Global ICT

African Women in Telecom Colloquium (RFP) Internet Working (DFID) Technology E-COMMERCE Country Gateways (GDG) e-Readiness Assessments Incubator Initiative The Development Gateway http:www.developmentgateway.org Gateway Value Propositions Solve development problems by sharing highquality information from local, national and global sources, tailored to users needs by topic and

community, quickly and easily. A platform to facilitate the establishment of common standards for the exchange of information among the development community. Expanded opportunities for building and sharing knowledge and experience in and among developing countries. infoDev Country Gateway Grants Dominican Republic Costa Rica Venezuela Colombia Ukraine Russia Moldova Kazakhstan Georgia Kyrgyz Rep.

Romania Armenia Bulgaria Azerbaijan Algeria Croatia Uzbekistan West Bank & Gaza Mongolia Pakistan China Sri Lanka Indonesia Uruguay As of April 4, 2001 Namibia For more information... www.ecowas.int www.infodev.org www.developmentgateway.org www.worldbank.org/ict www.unites.org

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