The Army Leader Exchange Program

The Army Leader Exchange Program

NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED The Army Leader Exchange Program Center for the Army Profession and Leadership December 3, 2019 BG Ross Coffman, NGCV CFT Director DISTRIBUTION A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. Use or disclosure ofSTATEMENT data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 1

NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 2 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED US Army - First Battles Lost Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 3 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO

UNCLASSIFIED US Army - First Battles Won Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 4 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Leader Development Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 5 UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED NGCV Cross Functional Team

LEADER DEVELOPMENT Leader Certification C g oa in l ch e s in n u g o C Mentoring Tradition Warfighting Experts Training History Adaptive Leaders

Common Understanding & Vision Education Experience Self Development You get to choose frequency and medium! Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 6 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Self Development Step 1- Look in the mirror You know what skills you have not mastered You know what personality flaws you have You know your weaknesses

Step 2- Come up with a plan to fill your gaps Seek advice from a trusted agent Include a peer Include Tests / Evaluations Step 3- Execute your plan Retrain when necessary Change the plan, if needed Return to Step 1 Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 7 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Tactical Experts Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 8 NGCV Cross Functional Team

UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Major Observations from NTC Manage Transitions Current OPS = Shiny Object Wargame, Wargame, Wargame! Manager, Not Executor Logistics Dont Just Happen SOPs: Have vs. Use Systems and Processes Time Management Synchronize All WfFs Define Mission CMD / C2 Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page.

UNCLASSIFIED 9 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Best Practices to Prepare FGOs Deliberately plan for the development & certification of leaders (8-step model) Repetition builds muscle memory; use quick TDEs frequently to build proficiency Train RDSP in a time-constrained environment; shorten cycles to improve Integrate staff training gates into all training events (multiechelon training) Make training dynamic to build adaptive leaders: inject unexpected changes into training events Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. (TDE/STAFFEX/CPX) UNCLASSIFIED 10 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO

UNCLASSIFIED Tactical Pointers Master the Fundamentals Plan analog / execute digital MDMP at the pace of relevance Train your Subordinates Understand Tempo (Planning / Execution) What is the worst thing that could happen? What is the Best thing that could Happen? How does information flow in a command post PACE for everything Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 11 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Garrison Operations Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED

12 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Things to Think About No work gets done in Meetings - Decisions Should

Provide predictability Standard Work Day Dont kill the Good Ones Provide Hope- Whats next Counsel / Develop When you Feel comfortable Start to Worry Dont be a rule #1 violator Not Your Command (Illegal/Immoral/Unethical) Engage your BDE Commander / Senior Rater You dont have priorities Art vs. Science Standards / Trust / Candor / Purpose / Communication Your job is not to think your job is to know Balance - 0400 Is your time be at home for Bath and Bed Time Stories PT is measured Answer the question asked Dont fight BDE / Division Dont be Charlie Company Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 13 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED

More Things to Think About Look the Part Can Disagree in Public and Private Read everything you sign All of it If it requires someone else to do their job --- Double check Dont assume knowledge Company commanders are only as good as their last leader Command Support Relationships Know your boss before answering the question.. What needs to be fixed If you gain a boss, shift loyalty quickly Good News You will never work harder than when you are a Field Grade Bad News The problems get exponentially more difficult Big Staff Big Opportunities to help Get three tasks done every day Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page.

UNCLASSIFIED 14 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Next Generation of Combat Vehicles Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 15 15 UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED What is the Problem? Most Common LOS

BMP 3 100 Main/ 30MM Coax +60/-5 ATGM Stowed Kills:48 30mm(coax) Detect 100mm T-15 Armata 30MM +60/-10 ATGM Stowed Kills:125 US ATGM vs. Them Detect ATGM 30mm M2A4 Bradley 25MM +60/-20

ATGM Stowed Kills:112 OMFV 30MM +85/-20 ATGM Stowed Kills:117 Outgunned Superior Main Armament Slightly Superior Detection Quickly Closing gap Inferior ATGM 25mm Lethality Overmatch ATGM TOW Improved Ammo Lethality Detect Main Armament Standoff Improved Detection/MCAS

Improved ATGM 30mm 30mm OMFV 50MM +85/-20 ATGM Stowed Kills:150 Eastern Europe 5000m North Korea 2000m Urban 300-500m Inferior Detection Detect Comparable ATGM standoff ATGM Lethality/Precision Overmatch Superior Detection/MCAS ATGM Standoff 50mm Area and suppression Inferior Optics ATGM advantage lost ATGM

Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED Detect 16 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED NGCV Portfolio Overview The Next Generation Combat Vehicle (NGCV) Cross-Functional Team (CFT) leads the Armys effort to modernize the Armys next generation of combat vehicles. Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle WHAT: An optionally manned platform that replaces the Bradley Fighting Vehicle and is designed to maximize MUM-T options with RCV and other combat platforms. WHY: Maneuvers Soldiers to a point of positional advantage to engage in close combat and deliver decisive lethality during the execution of combined arms maneuver, while simultaneously controlling maneuver robotics and semi-autonomous systems. Revolutionary in its future ability to control and pair with Robotic Combat Vehicles in an MDO environment. HOW: Design based on a modified, commercial off-the-shelf system, with an emphasis on future size, weight, architecture, power, and cooling growth. Field the vehicle in increments to allow for the continued incorporation of technological innovations. First operational unit equipped in FY26. Robotic Combat Vehicles WHAT: Light, Medium, and Heavy Robotic Combat Vehicles that deliver decisive lethality, increased situational awareness, and formation overmatch in a future multi-domain battle operational environment. WHY: Stretches the multi-domain operations close area; allows unmanned platforms make contact with the enemy before our Soldiers, while achieving overmatch (decisive

mobility, survivability, and lethality) against future operating environment threats. Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle HOW: Three (3) increasingly complex experimentation and capability demonstrations, involving both government and industry platforms, between FY20-23. Decision to procure or continue experimenting on initial RCV capability NLT FY23. WHAT: Replacement for M113 Family of Vehicles in Armored Brigade Combat Teams WHY: Provides ABCTs with modern and more survivable General Purpose, Mortar Carrier, Medical Evacuation, Medical Treatment, and Mission Command vehicles that can move at the pace of next generation combat vehicles and are able to incorporate future technologies. HOW: Development of a new vehicle build. The design is based on a Bradley chassis with ability to integrate future technologies. The first operational unit will be equipped in FY22. Mobile Protected Firepower WHAT: An armored vehicle (light tank) that provides precise, large caliber, long range direct fires for Infantry Brigade Combat Teams. WHY: Improve Infantry Brigade Combat Team protection and firepower capabilities; e.g. neutralize prepared positions, heavy machine guns, and armored vehicle threats. HOW: Accelerated acquisition & rapid prototyping; leverage and integrate existing and mature combat systems. Prototype assessment and evaluation will occur throughout FY21 with final down select in 3QFY22; first operational unit equipped in FY25. Optionally Manned Tank Army Science Board & Combat Systems Development Command Ground Vehicle Systems Center Studies are ongoing: Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 17 NGCV Cross Functional Team

UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Artificial Intelligence Enabled Decision Making Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 18 NGCV Cross Functional Team UNCLASSIFIED// FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Use or disclosure of data contained on the page is subject to restrictions on title page. UNCLASSIFIED 19

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