THE ANTI-SEX TRAFFICKING MOVEMENT IN THE U.S. CHAPTER 11 THE ROOTS OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING ACTIVISM IN THE UNITED STATES Based on a Recognized Need Legal and Social Service Providers, and Survivors Grassroots efforts
NOT A NEW CRIME Sex trafficking only relatively recently fell into the public eye, but it is nothing new Activism surrounding it goes back more than thirty yearsjust using different words, such as prostituted children, or commercially sexually exploited children Some would even argue that activism goes back farther than that For our purposes, we will focus on the 70s to
present. CHILDREN OF THE NIGHT Children of the Night, in Van Nuys, California, Lois Lee 1979 CIVIL SOCIETY Civil Society, St. Paul, MN Linda Miller
1996 CENTER FOR WOMEN POLICY STUDIES (CWPS)
Leslie Wolfe, president Founded 1972, focus on sex trafficking mid 90s. Human Rights approach Harm reduction approach Evidence based approach BREAKING FREE Vednita Carter Roots in WHISPER
(Women Hurt in Systems of Prostitution Engaged in Revolt) Breaking Free 1996 St. Paul, MN GEMS Girls Education and Mentoring Services (GEMS) New York, NY Rachel Lloyd
1998 www.GEMS-GIRLS.org SEX WORKERS PROJECT Crystal DeBoise founded the Human Trafficking Services Program at New York Association for New Americans in 2002. The Sex Workers Project provides client-centered legal and social services to individuals who engage in sex work, regardless of whether they do so by choice, circumstance, or coercion. One of the first programs in the nation to assist survivors of human
trafficking, the Sex Workers Project has pioneered an approach to service grounded in human rights, harm reduction and in the real life experiences of our clients. MY LIFE, MY CHOICE My Life, My Choice, Boston MA Lisa Goldblatt Grace 2002 ANGELAS HOUSE
Angelas House, Atlanta, GA 2002 Angelas House no longer operates, absorbed by Georgia Care Connection Office. Legacy- Georgia now accounts for more than half the safe house beds in the country. Angelas House morphed: youthSpark Voices, prevention program (2010). THE NEST FOUNDATION
Nest Foundation Libby Spears Playground documentary 2004
THE COVERING HOUSE The Covering House, St. Louis, MO Dedee Lhamon 2008 POLARIS PROJECT Washington D.C-based Polaris Project is an activist organization that advocates for improved federal and state laws, as well as better implementation of such laws.
The group also runs the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline created in 2007, and BeFree textline, and provides education and training, as well as direct services to trafficking victims. The organization also conducts research and gathers data, particularly in evaluation of state-level trafficking laws to identify areas in need of improvement CAST NSN
Coalition Against Slavery and Trafficking National Survivor Network Survivor-led, focus on policy, practice, establishing a community of survivors, platform for public access to the knowledge of survivors. Ima Matul GRASSROOTS ACTIVISM The examples depicted in this section reveal a
pattern of activism derived from a combination of survivors and professionals who recognized a need for shelter and services. Other pioneering organizations with grassroots origins, besides those discussedinclude End Slavery Cincinnati, Veronicas Voice, Courtneys House, Eve, MISSSEY, Rahabs Hideaway, Breaking Free, and others. ECPAT
End Child Prostitution Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT). 82 organization-members in 75 nations Initiatives involve education and training toward identification of sex trafficking in hotels, as part of a larger initiative emphasizing education and awareness in the tourism industry. HOTEL TRAININGS
The American Hotel and Lodging Association (AHLA) also works to provide training in hotels across the United States. The AHLA developed a webinar entitled Child trafficking: Learn how to identify and address. TRUCKING INDUSTRY Truckers Against Trafficking Travel Centers of America TAT was first developed as a part of another
grassroots organization, Chapter 61 Ministries, founded in 2007 by six women located in four different states to combat human trafficking. TAT became its own organization to target its focus specifically on the trucking industry in March 2009, and in 2011, it became an official non-profit organization led by Kendis Paris. TRAIN STATIONS Amtrak, the largest passenger train system in the
United States, partnered with the Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of Transportation, in 2012 in an effort to identify and report suspected incidents of human trafficking. BUS STOPS (MINNESOTA) In 2013, public bus companies began to partner with anti-trafficking activists. Metro Transit developed a training program for bus drivers to identify potential sex trafficking
situations and worked to implement a public awareness program. The campaign also posts multilingual signs indicating sources of assistance for sex trafficking victims. AIRPORTS Innocents at Risks Flight Attendant Initiative Trained approximately one-third of American Airlines 19,000 flight attendants
Expanded the program to other airlines. Idea= flight attendants are in a unique position to notice and report suspicious activity POLITICAL ACTIVISM--GRASSROOTS Activists were able to gain public and political attention through their grassroots efforts, Anti-trafficking partners included anti-child abuse and anti-rape activists, IPV activists, legal, academic, and political partners, and members of
the community (student groups and faith-based groups), POLITICAL ACTIVISM Rescue and Restore Victims of Human Trafficking Campaign. The first Task Force was established in 2004, with 42 federally-funded task forces implemented nationwide by 2013.
POLITICAL ACTIVISM Activists, advocates, and other professionals in the field worked to garner political support to develop and pass anti-trafficking legislation. Further structural-level activism centers on shifts in state laws. It is generally well known in the sex trafficking literature that state-level law, and the way it is implemented, varies considerably Safe Harbor
Adult records MEDIA SUPPORT (*THERE IS BACKLASH TOO) In addition to political support, the anti-trafficking movement has gained media support. Power-house media outlets such as MSNBC, CNN, NPR, the Huffington Post, FOX, and more have provided media coverage and support for antitrafficking efforts. *Coverage varies in quality and accuracy
MEDIA SUPPORT Some news sites are going further to have ongoing coverage of sex trafficking. Beginning in 2008, MSNBC developed their ongoing series MSNBC undercover, which has produced 16 documentaries covering sex trafficking. Further, The CNN Freedom Project features a centralized location on the CNN website for blogs, news articles, and documentaries conducted by CNN
journalists related to various forms of human trafficking, including sex trafficking in the United States and abroad. *They vary in quality INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS (U.S. PRESENCE)* The Coalition against Trafficking in Women (CATW), Shared Hope International (SHI),
End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography, and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (EPCAT), International Justice Mission (IJM), and Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW) U.N. *This is not an exhaustive list DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. What seems to be the main focal points of various forms of antitrafficking activism? What is the goal, and what is the means for
accomplishing this goal? What challenges may be associated with this? 2. What are some other organizations that might be important in identifying survivors of sex trafficking that were not included in the chapter? Why do you think so? 3. Why is grassroots activism important in anti-trafficking efforts? 4. Were you surprised to learn that the origin of anti-trafficking activism is at least 30 years old? How does redefining sex trafficking relate to this?
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