The Age of Absolutism

The Age of Absolutism

Warm Up page 41 Skim pages 133-155 and answer these questions: Write question and answer 1. What is an absolute monarch? 2. What country was Louis XIV the absolute monarch of? 3. What country was Frederick the Great the absolute monarch of?

4. What country was Peter the Great the absolute monarch of? How did he help this country? 5. What palace did Louis live in ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. Raina Emma Farah Paige Ellie Janell Sarah Emily Danielle Say Say Dom Brandon

Andre Josh Ross Kenny Massimo Idress Eddy 1. Sid Salam Kyle 2. Savannah Rachel 3.Diana Lukas Nick

4.Owen Faizan Noah 5. Leah Caitlyn 6. Masood Jonathan Ahmad 7. Tai Sammy Alex 7 qualities that make up a good leader

7 qualities that make up a bad leader If you could be the leader of any country in the world, where would it be? WHY? No USA!! The Age of Absolutism 16 , 17 and

th 18 centuries th th Absolutism European monarchs tried to claim the authority to rule

without limits Goal- to control all aspects of society Divine Right- the idea that God created the monarchy and the monarchy acted as Gods representative on Earth Answered only to God,not to Europe

Do not have to write A rise of cites A rise in Middle Class merchants which usually backed monarchies Monarchs use their wealthy colonies to pay for their ambitions- Mercantilism Church authority broke down, the Reformation and 30 years war occurred Religious and territorial disputes between states led to almost constant

warfare Some people wanted a strong leader to guide them through all the problems and changes taking place France And Louis XIV Louis XIV

I am the State Call me the Sun King because all that is good radiates from me How he gained Absolute Power 1. Weaken the power of nobles 2. Increased power of

government workers 3. Jean Baptiste Colbert, Minster of finance, tried to make France Selfsufficient using Mercantilism Wanted France to make all its own goods Placed high tariffs on goods from other countries Encouraged people to move to France's

colonies to help export more raw materials to France Fur trade from the Americas added money for France Negative- After Baptiste died Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes. Many skilled protestant artisans and businessmen fled to

other countries , thus robbing France of many skilled workers Louis Grand Style 1. Louis surrounded himself with the finest of items

Do not write Each meal was a feast with over 500 cooks Louis was awaken everyday at 7:30 and outside stood 100 nobles all waiting to help him dress, however, only 4 were given the honor of getting him his slippers

The Palace of Versailles 2. He built a huge palace, The Palace of Versailles, 11 miles outside of Paris 15,000 acres of gardens 1,400 fountains 36,000 laborers 6,000 horses 2,000 rooms

2 billion dollars Louis's Downfall Under Louis, France was the most powerful country in Europe with nearly 20 million people IN a series of wars France tried to increase its boundaries. He won a couple territories.

However, a European alliance, was formed against France and Louis was stopped. Louis's Downfall France was also weekend by a series of bad harvests, and high taxes imposed to support the cost of war France was forced to give

Britain its North American territories Questions How did Louis make sure he kept his power? Where did Louis live? How did Louis XIV bring

disaster to France? Prussia and Frederick the Great Prussia Prussia was a new state to the north of Austria

It will later form part of Germany Prussia rose to power in late 1600s Like the Hapsburgs of Austria, Prussias ruling family the Hohenzollerns had big dreams Background- Do not write

Before Fredrick the Great, Frederick William, after seeing the destruction the 30 Year War left built a strong Army They army was the strongest in Europe and had over 80,000 men.

Background- Do not write To pay for the army Frederick William introduced mandatory taxation So that the King had more power he also weakened the power of the representative assemblies of their

More Background Do not write Frederick William created a strong military society, but feared his son would not be strong enough to rule so he raised his son very tough.

Frederick the Great Frederick The Great followed in his fathers footsteps and created a strong military society Questions Who was the

greatest monarch for Prussia? 2. What was Prussias society based on? 1. Russia And Peter the Great

Background Do not write Ivan IV, called Ivan the Terrible was Russias first Czar Good- gained territory, and developed a code of laws

He was constantly fighting with the Do not write BAD- His wife was murdered and to avenge her death he hunted down anyone he thought was a traitor and killed them, usually the boyars

Secret Police killed thousands After Ivan, Russia fell into a Peter the Great Peter took the throne in 1696- Russia was still a land of serfs and boyars- very

underdeveloped Russia was cut off from Western Europe and their new advancements Mongols kept them isolated during the Renaissance and Age of Exploration Geographic barriers isolated Russia-ICE Religious differences

separated them- Russia was Eastern Orthodox Peter the Great Peter visits Western Europe and finds New inventions and

tools Ships and exploration Peter believed Russia needed a warm water port to help modernize the country Peter the Great Peters main goalwesternize Russia

Peter believed he needed absolute control to help westernize the country How he Westernized Russia Brought the Eastern Orthodox church under

his control took power away from landowners Modernized the army with western weapons and tactics New army meant taxes for all Introduced potatoes

Started a newspaper Increased womens rights Ordered nobles to wear western fashions Peter the Great Peter created a new capital Peter went to war with Sweden to gain control of

the Baltic Coast, after 21 years he won. He built Saint Petersburg on the formally owned Swedish land. 25,000 to 100,000 people died while making the new capital Questions

1. Who was Russias greatest monarch? Why was Russia Isolated? How did Peter help westernize Russia? Warm Up

Page 51-53create a caricature for each of the absolute monarchs

Louis XIV-51 Frederick the Great-52 Peter the Great - 1. Neat- straight lines, neat 2. 3. 4. 5.

writing. Title for each drawling A background with important pieces labeledIncorporate major parts from the notes- atleast 5 THIS WILL BE GRADED The Rise of Democracy in England 19966ef46a4d48968157/HH %20English%20Civil%20War Need 14 Flashcards- How did these people and events contribute to or hurt the rise of democracy in England

1. Oliver Cromwell 2. Charles I 3. Charles II 4. The Restoration 5. Whigs and Tories 6. William and Mary 7. The Glorious Revolution 8. Parliament

9. Constitutional Monarchy 10. Magna Carta 11. Common Law 12. English Civil War 13. Bill of Rights 14. Cabinet Background

Henry II- 1154-1189 Jury Trial Common Law- a single legal system for everyone (rich and poor). King John- 1215- very unpopular

Magna Carta guarantees people certain political rights Put limits on the monarchy Due Process- king could not unfairly punish the people No taxation without consent of Background Queen Elizabeth

During Queen Elizabeths reign she had frequent conflicts with parliament Parliament- law making body, also handed out the money

Rulers saw the parliaments financial power as an obstacle to becoming an absolute monarchs Review Questions 1.What is parliament? 2.Why didnt absolute

monarchs like parliament? 3.What is common law? 4.What is the Magna Carta? 5.What is Due Process? King James King James 1 James I believed he had absolute authority to rule and

did not need the consent of the parliament Parliament was reluctant to pay for James expensive court and foreign wars Died in 1625- his son Charles I took the throne Charles I

King Charles 1 Charles I always needed money to fight wars in both Spain and France Several times when Parliament refused to give him money he got rid of parliament In 1628, Charles was forced to sign the Petition of Rights

He would not imprison subjects without cause He would not levy taxes without the consent of the Parliament He would not house soldiers in private homes After agreeing to The Petition of Rights, Charles ignored it. B/C it aimed to take way

some of his divine absolute powers Review Questions 1.Were King James and Charles I absolute monarchs? Why or why not? 2.Why was the Petition of Rights signed?

Charles I Continued In 1629 Charles I did away with the Parliament permanently and in order to raise money he taxed his people heavily His popularity decreased and a Civil

War occurred English Civil War From 1642 to 1649 supporters and opponents of King Charles I fought Supporters of King Charles = Royalists or Cavaliers Opponents- were called

Puritans and were loyal to the Parliament English Civil War In 1644 the war was at a stand still until a Puritan was named the new general , Oliver Cromwell 1646- Cromwell

captures Charles I and tried him with treason and executed him Cromwell Rules At First- Cromwell abolishes the monarch and establishes a republican form of

government. Then.. He becomes power hungry and creates a military Review Questions 1.Why was the Civil War fought? 2.What was the name for

people who supported King Charles? 3.What was the name for people who opposed King Charles? The Restoration In 1658 Cromwell died and his government

collapsed, parliament was restored and Charles II was asked to rule Charles II reign is known as The Restoration because The Restoration

He passed the Habeas Corpus- criminals were now brought before a judge and then it was decided if they were going to be triednot by a monarch Charles II had no son, so a dispute evolved over who should rule next

Political Parties Supported Charles Catholic brother James- Called Tories Opposed James- Whigs First time political parties Review Questions 1. Who killed Charles I?

2. What did Charles II restore? 3. Why was the Habeas Corpus passed? 4. What were the first political parities? Glorious Revolution James II became King and flaunted his

Catholicism. 1st- Put Catholics in office 2nd- Dissolved Parliament when they spoke out 3rd- had a son, people feared it would created a catholic dynasty

Glorious Revolution James had an older daughter named Mary, who was a protestant. Mary was married to William and they were asked by Parliament to overthrow James II. The bloodless, overthrowing of James is

referred to as the Political ChangesConstitutional Monarchy 1st- William and Mary recognized Parliaments power, creating a constitutional monarchy, where laws limit the power

of the monarchy. Political Changes- Bill of Rights 2nd- Bill of Rightsplaced limits on royal power 1.No suspending of Parliaments laws 2. No levying

taxes without permission from Parliament 3. Free Speech Political Changes- Cabinet System 3rd- Cabinet system developed To avoid a standstill

between parliament and the monarch they created a 3rd branch Cabinet- policy making and is headed Review Questions Why was the Glorious Revolution considered

glorious? Who came to power during the Glorious Revolution? Why was the Bill of Rights important? What was the Cabinet and why was it important? Word Bank 1. Hobbes

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Locke

Montesquieu Rousseau Locke Montesquieu Locke Louis XIV Peter the Great 10. 11.

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Copernicus Newton Voltaire Montesquieu

Montesquieu Harvey Kepler 17. Frederick the Great

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