Successful Interviews Making the most of the interview Overview Preparing for interviews The interview experience Questions to expect and to ask Different types of interview Assessment Centres Psychometric Tests Interview resources Interviews Interview = A meeting with an objective Employers objective is to find the best person for the job Employer: reviews candidates experience and abilities Can you do the job? (skills, abilitie, qualifications)
Will you do the job? (interest, attitude & motivation) How will you fit into the organisation? (personality) You: impress employer and assess position on offer What does this position offer me? How does it fit with my career plans? Congratulations - you have passed the first hurdle You must prove that you are the most suitable candidate for this position Preparation is the key to success Review own skills, experiences and qualities Check CV Anticipate questions and identify relevant examples Prepare key selling points
Research organisation Websites, reports, articles, company literature, etc Contacts with knowledge of organisation or sector Relevant articles in the press Personal visit or telephone call Research job and occupational area Job description or similar Current issues Prepare your questions
Practice Watch the Body Language First impressions very powerful Halo effect or Devil effect Allow time to relax Dress appropriately Entrance, introductions & handshake Smile and make eye contact Be aware of own movements Watch body language of interviewer Typical Questions About you
Tell me about yourself - Bring me up to date with your CV? Why did you choose that particular degree programme? What experience have you had that is relevant to this post? What would you consider your major achievements to date? About the job What interests you about this job? What do you know about this organisation?
What other options are you considering? How do you see your career developing 5 years? If you were Head of Department, what would be your priorities? General knowledge What do you think of the Governments policy on college fees? Whats your opinion of the Ryanair bid for Aer Lingus? Other Type of Questions What if Questions No experience - how are you likely to respond to a situation Probing Questions
How exactly did you deal with the situation? How did you know it worked? How did you feel about the outcome? Could you have handled it differently? Competency-based Interviews Company identifies key skills required for job Designs questions to elicit evidence of skills Emphasis on past behaviour as predictor of success
Teamwork: Describe a team project you worked on. What problems arose? How did you deal with them? Communication Skills: Describe situation when you had to persuade others to support your view. Give an example of any reports youve written which illustrate your writing skills Interpersonal skills: What kinds of people do you find it difficult to work with? How do you handle those situations? Taking Responsibility: Describe a time when you took responsibility to achieve a challenging goal Problem-solving:Tell about a time when you had several tasks to manage at one time with conflicting deadlines. Preparing for Competency Interview
Identify the competencies required for job Review job description or ask for information Define each competency in behavioural terms Identify past experience to illustrate how you demonstrated that behaviour Prepare examples for each competency Practice talking about your experience Try to give a complete answer - STAR Responding to Competency Q Q Give me an example of a problem you encountered. How did you approach it. What was the outcome? STAR response
S: Describe the situation T: Explain the task/problem that arose A: What action did you take? R: What was the result or outcome? What did you learn from this experience? Matching Skills to Requirements Employer needs Your evidence Communication
Team work Leadership Initiative Customer Care IT Commercial awareness Presentation to class Example from Coop Class rep, Committee Fundraising for charity Working in Superquinn Designed website Business pages Your Answers Listen carefully, seek clarification
Illustrate answers with real examples and evidence Be positive constructive criticism Keep answers specific and succinct Take time to respond Be alert to interviewers body language Speak clearly, smile and show enthusiasm Know what you want to say, and find the opportunity Qualities Employers Seek Good all-round intelligence Enthusiasm, commitment and motivation Good communication skills Team work ability Ability to solve problems
Capacity to work hard Initiative and self-reliance Balanced personality Copmpetencies required by X Company Adaptability Integrity Innovation Teamwork Initiative Drive for Results Know the Business Open Exchange of Information Makes Difficult Decisions Your Questions Training programmes
Career development opportunities Types of projects & responsibilities Reporting structure Performance appraisal Profile of staff Questions about topics raised in interview What happens next? Interview Marking Sheet Name Mark-max 100 Communication Skills Max 30
Problem Solving Max 20 Team Fit Max 20 Relevant Experience Max 20 Project Management Max 10 Total Marks
What creates a bad impression Poor personal appearance Negative attitude evasive, using excuses Lack of interest and enthusiasm Lack of preparation Poor knowledge of role Failure to give concrete examples of skills Over emphasis on money/rewards Lack of career plan After the Interview Review own performance what went well what went badly what you wished you had said prepare for next stage
Invitation to second / final round interviews assessment centre psychometric testing panel interview Rejection letter / email if you can request feedback - use it Telephone Interviews
Prepare as thoroughly as for real interview Select comfortable, private, quiet place Advise flatmates re answering phone Have copy of CV and company information Have pen and paper at hand Prepare for usual interview questions Practice on phone Record answers Try standing Smile and use gestures Avoid monotones
Be yourself Other Types Of Interviews Rotating Like one-to-one with different interviewers Group 6-8 candidates Group observed while discussing topic Be aware of group interaction Panel
2-5 interviewers, or as many as 13!! Try to identify different roles Respond to interviewer, include others through eye contact May involve presentation Assessment Centres Company premises or neutral venue Includes social or informal events Meeting with recent graduates or managers Activities include:
Group exercises Practical tasks and exercises Report writing Oral Presentations Psychometric assessments Interviews Simulates real work environment Psychometric Tests Aptitude Tests - measure skills relevant to position
Verbal comprehension - evaluate logic of text Numerical reasoning - interpret statistical data Diagrammatic reasoning - recognise patterns Watch timing complete as many as possible Personality Questionnaires Look at personality style No right or wrong answers Be spontaneous, dont try to second-guess Tests include built-in checks Employers may be looking for different personality profiles
Practice using online tests on www.ul.ie/careers Web Resources for Interviews UL Careers website: www.ul.ie/careers Gradireland website: www.gradireland.com Careers4graduates: www.careers4graduates.org Doctor Job: www.doctorjob.com (Virtual Interview) Prospects: www.prospects.ac.uk Realworld: www.realworldmagazine.com Virtual Career Coach: www.windmillsprogramme.com BBC: www.bbc.co.uk/radio1/onelife/work
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