Subject Pronouns

Subject Pronouns

SUBJECT PRONOUNS A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. WHAT IS A PRONOUN? Its a word used instead of a noun (or a phrase containing a noun) Example: `He', `it', `who', and `anything' are pronouns. When the pronoun is the subject (the person doing the action) of the sentence, it is called a Subject Pronoun. Example: Bob is swimming. He is swimming. WHAT ARE THE ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS? Singular Plural

1st person I We 2nd person You You all 3rd person He, She, It They ENGLISH SUBJECT PRONOUNS AND THEIR SPANISH EQUIVALENTS Spanish subject pronouns are similar to

English, but there are some differences. 1st person 2nd person 3rd person Singular Plural I = Yo We = nosotros (m) Nosotras (f) You (familiar) = t You (plural, familiar) = vosotros (m) vosotras (f)

He = l They (m) = Ellos She = ella They (f) = Ellas You (formal) = Usted (Ud.) You (plural) = Ustedes (Uds.) THE FIRST PERSON SINGULAR PRONOUN YO Yo means I and is used in the same way as in English. Yo soy americano. Yo soy estudiante. Note that it is not capitalized unless it starts a sentence:

Mi amigo y yo SECOND PERSON SINGULAR PRONOUN T T means you (familiar/ informal) Used when talking to someone familiar Well learn more about this in a moment. 3RD PERSON SINGULAR MASCULINE L

l = he It is used when talking ABOUT a boy/guy/man. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Jorge es mexicano. l es de Guadalajara. DONT forget the accent mark. If you do, you are actually writing the Spanish word for the l = he el = the 3RD PERSON SINGULAR FEMININE ELLA

Ella = she It is used when talking ABOUT a girl/woman. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Rosa es mexicana. Ella es de Acapulco. Please pronounce it correctly. It sounds like (eh-yah) not (el-lah) Remember ll= y sound. FORMAL YOU USTED (UD.)

Usted means you (formal) Used when talking to someone you should respect. Abbreviated Capital U lower case d period. (Ud.) Well learn more about this pronoun in a moment. THE FIRST PERSON PLURAL PRONOUN NOSOTROS / NOSOTRAS Use nosotros/ nosotras to talk about a group of people that includes you. in English we have one word to talk about we, but in Spanish, we distinguish between we masculine and feminine:

Juan: Mi hermano y yo somos de Argentina. Nosotros vivimos en Buenos Aires. Juana: Mi hermana y yo somos de Bolivia. Nosotras vivimos en La Paz. use the masculine pronoun if it refers to a mixed group: Juan: Mi hermano, mi novia, y yo somos de Argentina. Nosotros vivimos en Buenos Aires. Juana: Mi hermana, mis padres, y yo somos de Bolivia. Nosotros vivimos en La Paz. DIFFERENCES YALL

In Spanish there are three ways to say all of you Vosotros Vosotras Vosotros/vosotras are the plural forms of t. Ustedes is the plural form of usted. Vosotros is used when talking to a familiar group of males or a mixed group. Vosotras is the feminine form of vosotros and is used when the entire group is female These two familiar forms are used primarily in Spain. We will use vosotros/as in class, not as often as

Uds. but you need to be aware of it. 3RD PERSON PLURAL MASCULINE ELLOS Ellos = They (masculine) It is used when talking ABOUT a group of boys/guys/men or a mixed group. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Jorge y Pepe son mexicanos. Ellos son de Guadalajara. Jorge y Ana son alumnos. Ellos son

amigos tambin. Please pronounce it correctly. It sounds like (eh-yohs) not (ellohs) Remember ll= y sound. 3RD PERSON PLURAL FEMININE ELLAS Ellas = They (feminine) It is used when talking ABOUT a group of only females. used in the same way as its English counterpart: Sofa y Ana son alumnas. Ellas son amigas tambin.

Please pronounce it correctly. It sounds like (eh-yahs) not (el-lahs) Remember ll= y sound. FORMAL YOU PLURAL USTEDES (UDS.) Abbreviated Capital U, lower case d, lower case s period. (Uds.) Uds. refers to a group of people you are speaking to. It means ALL OF YOU (Even though there are two ways to say this, vosotros is only used in Spain. Therefore unless it specifically says informal you we will be using Uds. )

YOU, YOU, AND YOU In English, there is only one YOU. It is singular and plural, masculine and feminine, formal and informal Note: yall or you all is not standard English, but we will use it to help learn the Spanish forms of you. In Spanish there are 5 ways to express you t usted (Ud.)

vosotros vosotras ustedes (Uds.) DIFFERENCES YOU: T VS. USTED Lets look at the singular forms first. Each one has a specific time when it used. If you use the wrong one, it can be offensive to the person with whom you are speaking. T = you (informal/familiar) Usted (Ud.) = you (formal) Use t when talking to Use Usted when talking with people with whom you are on a people to whom you should show first name basis. respect. friends People in authority (police, family teachers, bosses, etc.)

small children Strangers people younger than you Acquaintances pets Adults DIFFERENCES YALL vs. YOU ALL The plural you form ustedes (Uds.) Is used differently in Spain and Latin America. In Spain, vosotros/as is used when talking to an informal group. Uds. is used to address a formal group. In Latin America, Uds. is generally used in both formal and informal situations. (They dont use vosotros/as)

Since we are learning Spanish, we will be using Uds.when it says YOU ALL and Vosotros to indicate all forms of yall. REVIEW Yo = I First person singular Not capitalized unless the first word of the sentence Used to talk ABOUT yourself T = You (singular, informal/familiar) Second person Singular Use it to talk TO a person that is a friend or family member Third person singular l = he Dont forget the accent Use it to talk ABOUT a guy. Ella = she

Use it to talk ABOUT a girl. Watch the pronunciation. Ud. = You (singular, formal) Use it to talk TO a person that is due respect. Nosotros/as = we First person plural distinguish between we masculine and feminine Used to talk ABOUT yourself and friends Vosotros/as = You (plural, familiar) Second person Plural Use it to talk TO a group of friends or family members. Third person plural Ellos = They (masculine) It is used when talking ABOUT a group of boys/guys/men or a mixed group. Ellas = They (feminine) It is used when talking ABOUT a group of only females.

Uds. = You (plural) Use it to talk TO a group of people Yo means I And t means you l and ella he and she Usted means you more formally Nosotros and Nosotras both mean we Vosotros is yall only in Spain Ellos Ellas is how to say they Ustedes the formal plural you That will bring us back to Yo..yo..yo..yo

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