Standard slide - Europa

Standard slide - Europa

26th Meeting of the Wiesbaden Group on Business Registers Session N.3 - Integrated Statistical Register Systems Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses P. Cella, C. Viviano ISTAT, Italy 1 Contents: 2 1. Multiple sources of information on enterprises and people 2. The BD-TEC project and the new integrated data base

3. Linking entrepreneurs characteristics and enterprise group status 4. A taxonomy for exporter native/foreign-owned firms 5. The profiles of entrepreneurs of High-growth enterprises 6. Concluding remarks The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 Background The Integrated System of Registers (SIR) SIR is a system of statistical registers that

centralize and integrate data derived from administrative sources and statistical surveys oSIR is micro founded, it guarantees: a single management on various issues (social, environmental, economic, etc.) a conceptual and statistical integration a physical integration of the statistical units that compose it Consistency is assured by SIM (Integrated System of Microdata) oSIR consists of registers that refer to three main themes represented by: population production units territory oThe relationships between these themes allow us to connote it as 3

a "system where consistency is assured The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 1. Multiple sources of information on enterprises and people The system of satellite registers linked to SBR BD E-Ship International Trade Trade SBR Frame SBS 4 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 2. The BD-TEC project and the new integrated data base Goals: integrate information on export and imports with the business demography

characteristics and enrich with the SBS data in order to produce information on the economic performance Different statistical domains (SBS, BD, ITGS) data sources involved to cover 4 topics: Topic 1: Linking business demography (BD) statistics to international trade in goods statistics by enterprise characteristics (TEC) to obtain information on export and imports of young enterprises. Topic 2: Exploit other possibilities of the above linked BD-TEC dataset to analyze the enterprise population and shares of young enterprises by combinations of available breakdowns such as NACE, partner countries and type of trader. 5 Topic 3: Link the above dataset to business register (BR) and structural business statistics (SBS) to add additional characteristics, variables and breakdowns to the dataset in order to calculate indicators on the economic performance of young exporting and importing enterprises compared to other trading and non-trading enterprises in SBS. The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 2. The BD-TEC project and the new integrated data base Topic 4: Advance the methodology of micro data linking with respect to diverse issues such as linking registers and data sources based on sampling, effects on confidentiality and grossing up.

Example: Labor productivity of enterprises by type of enterprises and sector (thousands of euro, year 2015) 70000% 60000% 50000% 40000% 30000% 20000% 10000% 0% MANUFACTURING 6 CONSTRUCTION EXP_Born EXP_ent NON_EXP_born The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018

SERVICES Non_EXP_ent TOTAL ECONOMY 3. Linking entrepreneurs characteristics and enterprise group status The system of satellite registers linked to SBR BD E-Ship Leed International Trade Trade Entrepreneurs Entrepreneurs SBR Leed Employment

Employment 7 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 Frame SBS 3. Linking entrepreneurs characteristics and enterprise group status Two themes relevant for the entrepreneurship study: a) The behaviour of native/ foreign-owned businesses engaged in trading activities b) The profile of entrepreneurs involved in high-growth firms 8 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 4. A taxonomy for exporter native/foreign-owned firms Question: Do foreign people managing exporting firms have an advantage in foreign markets, especially those represented by their country of origin?

Exporter Enterprises 9 0 5 10 15 20 25 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 30 35

40 45 50 4. A taxonomy for exporter native/foreign-owned firms Taxonomy of companies: 1) Companies managed by Italian entrepreneurs only Exporter BOTH; 9.30% FR ONLY; 2.90% (87.8% of exporter companies and 92.4% of Non-exporter companies) 2) Companies managed by foreign entrepreneurs only (2.9% of exporter companies and 0.6% of Non-exporter companies) 3) Companies managed by both Italian and foreign entrepreneurs

(9.3% of exporter companies and 7% of Non-exporter companies) 10 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 Companies managed by Italia ent. Only; 87.80% FR ONLY; 0.60% non-Exporter BOTH; 7.00% IT ONLY; 92.40% 4. A taxonomy for exporter native/foreign-owned firms For the exporting companies there is a very high correlation between the country of birth of the entrepreneur and the internal composition of the countries of birth of related labor force Entrepreneurs only italians EXP

N.EXP employees:at least one foreign 42.1 1.7 23.6 35.6 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 N.EXP 8.8 24.3 21.4 employees:only foreign 1.3 employees:only italians

11 EXP 9.4 employees:at least one foreign employees:only foreign Entrepreneurs only foreign employees:only italians 27.7 8.3 13.2 4. A taxonomy for exporter native/foreign-owned firms 2.7% nu

mb ers Total Exporter over the total population of active enterprises in Business economy 12.2% managed by only and at least one foreign-born entrepreneur 55.9% managed by only and at least one foreign-born entrepreneur and with hired at least one foreign employee 62.8% 32.4% Same country: entrepreneur/employee(s) Same country: entrepreneur/employee(s)/export

Focusing the attention on the population of firms in which the country of origin of entrepreneur coincides with the country of origin of at least one employee and one export country we analyze the distribution of export value by partner location 12 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 4. A taxonomy for exporter native/foreign-owned firms Exporting companies Same country of birth of foreign entrepreneur, employee(s) and at least one export Country 13 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 4. A taxonomy for exporter native/foreign-owned firms The type of ownership affects the performance of enterprises that export, in fact multinational groups show an higher productivity in respect to the other types.

14 Figure 6- Productivity level of exporter enterprises managed by at least one foreign entrepreneur and with at least one foreign employee employment by group status and economic sector (thousands of euro, year 2015) The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 5. The profiles of entrepreneurs of High-growth enterprises For the entrepreneurs of high-growth enterprises four profiles have been identified: - the first profile (18.7% of entrepreneurs), is related to entrepreneurs that are mostly adult (90.5%), with at least a diploma of secondary education (94%) and with a greater presence of foreigners (86.8% are Italian, 5.4 percentage points less than the average of 92.2%) 15 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 5. The profiles of entrepreneurs of High-growth enterprises - the second profile (39.4%) is characterize by entrepreneurs predominantly male (96.5), but, unlike the first cluster, they are older (93.3% are senior) with an above-average education (29.7% have at least

a first degree) - the third profile (25%) is mainly characterized by higher education (42.1% are graduates) and compared to previous ones, there is a higher component of women (although the majority are still men 68.7%) - finally, the fourth profile (16.9%) concerns mostly female entrepreneurs (only 31.8% is male), younger (51.1% is under 35) mostly with diploma of secondary education (89.8%) 16 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 6. Concluding remarks The informative potential in using of integrated administrative and statistical data on businesses and on individuals The central role of SBR in the linkage process of multiple sources The possibility to define new taxonomies (classifications) for describing entrepreneurial profiles 17 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018 Thank you

[email protected] [email protected] 18 The profile of entrepreneurs in international trade businesses Neuchtel, 24 27 September 2018

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