Software Configuration Management CSC-532 Chandra Shekar Kandi Outline Introduction what is SCM, who are involved, why it is imp? what are the steps? Basic Concepts of SCM
Configuration Management Activities Configuration Management Tools Conclusions References Introduction Definition of SCM: Software configuration management is the
discipline of managing the evolution of complex software systems [IEEE STD 1987]. It is also defined as the process of controlling and monitoring change to work products [Herbert 1999]. Who are Involved? Why it is important? What are the steps?
Basic concepts of Configuration Management: Configuration Item: A piece of software or work product which is subject to change is a configuration item Change Request: It is a formal report that contains the request for modification in a configuration item. Versions and configurations: A version identifies the state of a particular configuration item or a
configuration at a well defined point in time Promotion: A promotion is a version of a configuration item/CM aggregate that has been available to other developers in a project. Release: A release is a version that has been available to the user or the client. Repository: It stores the various releases of a CM item/ aggregate. Workspace: It is a library of promotions.
Release management Branch management Variant Management Change Management Configuration Management Tools Revision Control System (RCS ): To change a configuration item, the developer has to lock that item first, preventing other developers from
changing the item at the same time. The developer specifies a label for each configuration item. Using this label, developers can check out consistent set of versions by using this label [Herbert 1999]. Concurrent Versions System (CVS): CVS System lets the groups of people work simultaneously on group of files.
This tool is similar to RCS. In addition it also supports the concept of branch. This system does not support locking of files. In CVS, the user would check out the latest version of a file or any of the earlier versions from the repository . Perforce: Perforce is a commercial replacement for CVS. It also controls a central repository like CVS
and RCS. Perforce includes version control, workspace management, atomic change transactions and a powerful branching model to develop and maintain multiple code lines. Perforce contd.. Files or elements are
stored in the central repository called Versioned Object Base (VOB). Different available versions of an element are stored in the VOB Clearcase
ClearCase is designed to help developers track the files and directories used to create software. The files stored in the repository are called elements. ClearCase supports parallel development which includes isolating the work of a single developer from a small team, creating and developing multiple
releases in parallel using different teams, and sharing of code among different teams located at different locations. ClearQuest This tool is a change request management application that allows a developer to track and monitor the change requests for a configuration item [Rational 2002].
ClearQuest maintains its own database which stores all the change requests in the form of records. There are various categories of changes that can be done on a product. These changes can be due to addition of new features, detection of faults, activities etc. conclusion Configuration management is very crucial for evolving
software systems. Change in many large software systems is inevitable. Careful planning is required considering aspects like the components that are likely to be changed, any other subsystems that may have to be changed for the modification of the given system, analysis of cost etc. CM makes sure that these changes do not cause undesired impact on the other subsystems. Questions?
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