Avoiding Plagiarism and Citing Sources of Information September

Avoiding Plagiarism and Citing Sources of Information September

Avoiding Plagiarism and Citing Sources of Information September 2019 1 Objectives By the end of the workshops , you will be able to: Define what plagiarism is and identify ways to prev ent plagiarism Recognise how to docum ent sources properly in AP A format Plagiaris m APA Referenci ng Style

2 PLAGIARISM 3 What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism is the action or practice of taking someone else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one's own; literary theft (Plagiarism, 2019). Young, A. (2016, May 1). Plagiarism: Lesson One [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ly_AeHl4t5M 4 About Plagiarism Is it plagiarism if I just copy a few words from others work ? Yes. The quantity of words being copied is not the main concern. The important point is that you have copied o thers work and made no acknowledgement. Is it an act of plagiarism if I copy from an unpublished wor

k? Yes. It doesn't matter whether the work which is copied has been published or not. The key point is that it was copied from someone else without making acknowledg ement. 5 About Plagiarism What is the result if you found commit plagiarism in EdUHK? Refer to Chapter 8 Academic Honesty and Copyright of Student Handbook 2019/ 20: Any proven acts of academic misconduct may result in the imposition of penalties which include but not limited to suspension of studies for a period of time; defermen t of graduation for a period of time; lowering the award classification; and/or dismissal from the University. https://www.eduhk.hk/re/student_handbook/main.html Is plagiarism the same as copyright infringement?

They are closely related but not exactly the same. Plagiarism is an act of academic dishonesty while copyright infringement is legal offence. 6 How to Avoid Plagiarism Cite Your Sources Use your own idea and opinion Cite the sources properly, including all kind of materials like media, blog post an d talk Paraphrase the source instead of quote to much Common knowledge is not required to cite (e.g. The sun rises in the east.) Quote any exact statement or exact phrase when you are quoting direction from the source 7 Functions of Citing References

Gives credit to the original authors without plagiarising Strengthens your works by lending support to your arguments Provides the source information for audience Accurately prepared references help establish your credibility as a careful researcher Able to build up academic network based on proper citation 8 Common Citation Styles Author-Date Numeric APA MLA Harvard Vancouver IEEE Author-Date &

Numeric Chicago 9 Citation System of EdUHK Details of the requirement of citation s ystem of EdUHK Chapter 14: Citation System https:// www.eduhk.hk/re/student_handbo ok/main.html (ENG) https:// www.eduhk.hk/re/student_handbo

ok/main_chi.html ( ) 10 APA REFERENCING STYL E 11 Brief on APA Referencing Style Developed by the American Psychological Association Widely used in Psychology & Social Sciences journals 6th ed. was released in July 2009 (7th ed. released in October 2019) Students and staff of EdUHK are required to use APA style for their referen ce list unless otherwise stated 12 Brief on APA Referencing Style Writing Style

APA Formatti ng Citing Sources 13 Formatting in APA Style 14 Citing Sources in APA Style In-Text Citation Reference List 15 APA: In-Text Citation

16 About In-Text Citation References are cited in text with author-date system Direction Quotation 40 words or more: Block quotation Paraphrasing Parenthetical Incorporated 17 In-Text Citation - Paraphrasing What is paraphrasing? Paraphrasing is using different words, often in a simpler and short er form, to repeat the original. Key points: Express important ideas in your own words to make it more conci

se and clear Keep as faithful as possible to the original meaning 18 In-Text Citation - Paraphrasing Citation should include: Author(s) Year ***Page number is not req uired, apart from in-text qu otation*** Parenthetical

Two common formats Parenthetical Authors name is not inclu ded in the narrative Incorporated Incorporated Authors name appears as part of narrative 19 In-Text Citation - Paraphrasing

Format of Citing Sources with Single or Multiple Author s Number of Authors Parenthetical Incorporated One Author (Salvia, 2007) Salvia (2007) Two Authors (Smith & Baker, 2016) Smith and Baker (2016) (Lang, Heyes, Jameson, & Parker, Lang, Heyes, Jameson, and Parker (2016)

2016) Lang et al. (2016) Three to Five Authors First Citation Subsequent Citations Six or More Authors (Lang et al., 2016) (Wang et al., 2017) Wang et al. (2017) (World Trade Organisation [WTO],

World Trade Organisation (WTO, 2017) 2017) WTO (2017) Group Author with Acronym Frist Citation Subsequent Citations (WTO, 2017) 20 In-Text Citation - Direct Quotation < 40 Words

Use double quotation mar ks to quote the direct text Citation should include Author name(s) Year Page number(s) If no page number found, use paragraph number para. as the abbreviati on of paragraph 21 In-Text Citation - Direct Quotation > 40 Words Use block quotation for the direct text Double-spacing

Indent the block inch from left mar gin Citation should include Author name(s) Year Page number(s) 22 In-Text Citation - Direct Quotation > 400 Words

More then 400 words may require copyright permission on footnote Tip: F style ootnotes are n in bo t h in-tex ot requ P ire to ro A vide add r referenc d in APA ckno i r wled tional con e list, unl eferencin ge co ess: g t pyrig ent

ht pe rmiss ion s tatus 23 In-Text Citation Format of Citing Multiple Sources Citing Multiple Works: Stated alphabetically Citing Multiple Works by Same A uthor: Stated chronological order Citing a Source Multiple Times: Include date for the first cit ation Mention the same source a gain using incorporated for mat You can omit the year in th e subsequent one when it

is not confused with other Always include year for par 24 In-Text Citation Same or Insufficient Information of Sources Multiple Sources with Same Author(s) and Dat es: Differentiate by putting lowercase letter after the year in both in-text and referen ce list entry; e.g. (Mikati, 2015a, 2015b) Authors with Same Surnames: Always includes their initials

No Given Date: Works in-press OR with no date, insert i n press or n.d. instead of date No Given Author: Use double quotation marks around the t itle or shorted title of an article, chapter, or web page Italicise the title of a periodical, book, bro chure, or report 25 Exercise Q1: Which of the following entails a restatement of another authors id

ea in your own words? A. A direct quotation B. A paraphrase C. A block quotation D. A footnote 26 Exercise Q2: Please try to cite a direct quotation from below book. Answer: Bell (2010) said that not all case studies have to be completed in three months, or even three years(p. 8). 27 Exercise Q3: Personal communications are nonretrievable sources such as pers onal email or phone calls. Where should you cite them in a manuscrip t? s of d n A. Only in the text

i k two g n i w follo e B. Only in the reference list h t r d fo e r i u q is re C. Both in the text and in ithe reference list

tc. n o i t a t ing, e tc eJ s i D l o e a c eren 'an, D r u

Q , No ref le b sion) i r e B V : l s o rk tiona w a work: l n r a

e c t i In ss ta) a a w l d e C N e l that 7 b d 1

i : a r a 5 s e . r ) Co ecov 2001 r , n 1 (2 an 5:3-4) o 1 n y

ons ( s, Ma i n t (Qur o a i t c i a mun munic m m o o c c l l

so n a r rsona e e p P ( s lip H. Phi . B 28 APA: Reference List 29

Citing Sources in APA Style A Reference List (also stated as Refer Reference Li st VS Bibliography ences) consists of all sources cited in th e text of a paper listed alphabetically by authors surname A Bibliography contains all sources cite d in the text of a paper as well as other works that the author consulted. APA Style generally requires reference lis t, not bibliography. 30 Format of Reference Entry: Book Book Basic

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. Location: Publisher. Entire Book Damrosch, D. (2003). What is world literature? Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Entire Book with Edition Hardman, A. E., & Stensel, D. J. (2009). Physical activity and health: The evidence explained. (2nd ed.). London, England: Routledge. Edited Book Ercikan, K., & Roth, W.-M. (Eds.). (2009). Generalizing from educational research: Beyond qualitative and quantitative polarization. New York, NY: Routledge. Book Chapter Shoho, A. R., Merchant, B. M., & Lugg, C. A. (2005). Social justice: Seeking a common language. In F. W. English (Ed.), The Sage handbook of educational

leadership: Advances in theory, research, and practice (pp. 47-66). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. E-Book Chapter Johnson, W. (2009). Open access journals: The global movement and local publishing. In W. Jones (Ed.), E-Journals access and management (pp. 25-38). New York, NY: Routledge. Retrieved from 31 Format of Reference Entry: Journal A rticles Journal Articles Basic Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx From Printed Periodical

Hue, M.-T. (2009). Promotion of spiritual development: Exploration of the self and spiritualism through the practice of Chinese calligraphy. Pastoral Care in Education, 27, 63-76. Includes Issue no. Bill, M., & Emmy, M. (2008). Writing tutors in the economics classroom: A case study. The Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 38(3), 21-36. From Online Periodical with DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Bore, A., & Wright, N. (2009). The wicked and complex in education: developing a transdisciplinary perspective for policy formulation, implementation and professional practice. Journal of Education for Teaching, 35, 241-256. https://doi.org/10.1080/02607470903091286 From Online Periodical without

DOI Dresser, R. (2007). The effects of teacher inquiry in the bilingual language arts classroom. Teacher Education Quarterly, 34(3), 53-66. Retrieved from http://www.teqjournal.org/ ***Using Journals URL instead of DOI*** 32 Format of Reference Entry: Newspa per Articles Newspaper Articles Basic Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Newspaper Title, page numbers. Printed Cheng, A. (2009, September 23). Education system fails those most in need. South China Morning Post, p. EDT12. Online

Andrew, E. L. (2009, April 19). U.S. May Convert Banks Bailouts to Equity Share. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/ ***To avoid nonworking URLs, give the URL of the newspaper home page when the online version of the article is available by search. *** 33 Format of Reference Entry: Web Res ources Web Resources Basic Author, A. A. (Year). Title of web page. Retrieved from URL Education Bureau. (2008). Qualifications framework. Retrieved from http://www.hkqf.gov.hk/guie/home.asp International Association of Universities. (2008). IAU: For a worldwide higher education community. Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/iau/association/index.html The Education University of Hong Kong. (n.d.). Vision & mission. Retrieved from https://www.eduhk.hk/main/about-us/vision-mission/

34 Exercise Q1. Try to write a book reference in a correct format 35 Exercise Q2. Identify the highlighted part of the reference given below: Article Title Bill, M., & Emmy, M. (2008). Writing tutors in the economics classroo m: A case study. The Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 38(3), 2136. Journal Title Volume (Issue no.) Editor Title of Chapter Shoho, A. R., Merchant, B. M., & Lugg, C. A. (2005). Social justice: See king a common language. In F. W. English (Ed.), The Sage handbook o f educational leadership: Advances in theory, research, and practice

(pp. 47-66). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 36 Basic of Reference List Order Arrange by authors in alphabetical order by the surname of the first author Followed by the initials of the authors given name Reference with the same author(s) Chronologically by year of publication No date publication put first, and in-press publication put last of same author(s) works e.g. Jones, Jones, Jones, Jones, T., T., T.,

T., & & & & Nelson, Nelson, Nelson, Nelson, R. R. R. R. (n.d.) (1999) (2012) (in press) Multiple-Author Entries with Same First Author

e.g. Baker, T. C., & Davis, L. (2010) Baker, T. C., & McMahon, O. W. (2005) Principle: By alphabetical order of author(s) and then year 37 Formats of Reference Components Formats are slightly different depending on type of reference material i.e. books, journal articles, online video clips, etc. Reference Components: Author name Date of publication

Title of the work Publication information Double-spaced and each entry has a hanging indent 38 Reference Components Author Name Institutional Author / Editor Full name of the institution Publication with no author Move the title of the book to the author position

Italicise the title of the book Hyphenated Frist Name Retain the hyphen e.g. Hue, M.-T. (2009). 39 Format of Reference Entry: Publication Place Include the state abbreviation (e.g., New York, NY) for all cities of United S tates Include the Country for all locations outside United States e.g. Coles-Ritchie, M. (2009). Inciting change in secondary English language pr ograms: The case of Cherry High School. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmill an.

Haughey, J. C. (2009). Where is knowing going?: The horizons of the knowi ng subject. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. Hardman, A. E., & Stensel, D. J. (2009). Physical activity and health: The e vidence explained. (2nd ed.). London, England: Routledge. 40 Format of Reference Entry: Non-English Publication Give original title, and translate title into English with brackets e.g. Sack, F. (2006). Das offene Haus: Fr eine neue Architektur [Open house: Towards a new architecture]. Berlin, Germany: Jovis. Ye, Q., Li, B., & Cheng, J. (2006). 20 [The western philoso phy of life of 20th century]. Beijing, China: Remin Chubanshe. OR Ye, Q., Li, B., & Cheng, J. (2006). 20 shiji xifang rensheng zhexue [The wes tern philosophy of life of 20th century]. Beijing, China: Remin Chubanshe . 41 Resources

EdUHK Library Guide : Citi ng Information More examples can be found https:// libguides.eduhk.hk/citi ng-information 42 Resources Recommended Database Academic Writer http://www.lib.eduhk.hk/cgi-bin/WAMConnMgr?sid=apastyle A very useful online application providing tutorials for learning APA cit ation of different types of resources and APA Style paper templates 43 Resources Avoiding Plagiarism

Citing Information, EdUHK Library https://libguides.eduhk.hk/citing-information Academic Integrity, Princeton University https://odoc.princeton.edu/curriculum/academic-integrity Purdue Online Writing Lab https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/purdue_owl.html Intellectual Property & Copyright Intellectual Property in Hong Kong https://www.ipd.gov.hk/eng/intellectual_property/ip_hk.htm Copyright in Hong Kong https://www.ipd.gov.hk/eng/pub_press/publications/hk.htm

Copyright and Education in Hong Kong https://www.ipd.gov.hk/eng/intellectual_property/copyright/copy_edu.htm 44 Resources APA Referencing Style Publication Manual and Other References American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psycholo gical Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychological Association. (2010). Concise rules of APA style. (6th ed.). Washin gton, DC: Author. American Psychological Association. (2010). Mastering APA style: Instructors resource gu ide (6th ed.).

Washington, DC: Author. American Psychological Association. (2010). Mastering APA style: Students workbook an d training guide (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychological Association. (2012). APA style guide to electronic references (6th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.lib.eduhk.hk/permalink/record?51282116950003410 Online Resources from APA The Basics of Sixth Edition APA Style APA Style Instructional Aids Frequently Asked Questions About Sixth Edition APA Style

APA Style Blog https://apastyle.apa.org/6th-edition-resources/basics-tutorial https://apastyle.apa.org/instructional-aids/index https://apastyle.apa.org/learn/faqs https://apastyle.apa.org/blog 45 Resources DOI Resolver Locate the electronic publication with DOI resolver Crossref.org https://www.crossref.org/ Append the doi string to http://dx.doi.org/

e.g. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02607470903220497 DOI http://www.chinadoi.cn/ 46 References Plagiarism. (2019). In Oxford English dictionary. Retrieved from https://www-oed-com.ezproxy.eduhk.hk/view/Entry/144939?redirectedFrom=Plagiaris m 47 ASK YOUR LIBRARIAN @ Information Counter Tel: 2948 6653 Email: [email protected] THANK YOU FOR JOINING 48

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