SOL REVIEW QUESTIONS Created by Christopher Davis, Staunton

SOL REVIEW QUESTIONS Created by Christopher Davis, Staunton

SOL REVIEW QUESTIONS Created by Christopher Davis, Staunton City Schools Information courtesy of Thomas Travato, Louisa County Schools WHO WAS ERASMUS? Renaissance Humanist Wrote In Praise of

Folly WHERE DID BOTH HINDUISM & BUDDHISM BEGIN? India ON A MAP, WHERE WOULD YOU FIND THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE? WHERE ON A MAP WOULD YOU FIND THE MUGHAL EMPIRE?

WHAT WAS PRIMARILY TRADED ON THE TRANS-SAHARAN TRADE ROUTE? Gold Salt FOR WHAT TWO TRADE GOODS WERE THE OTTOMANS FAMOUS? Coffee Ceramics

WHAT DID THE CHINESE GIVE US? Compass Silk Tea Porcelain WHAT INDUSTRY DID INDIA INFLUENCE THE MOST IN GREAT BRITAIN?

Textiles WHERE DID OUR NUMBER SYSTEM COME FROM? Muslims/Arabs (Thats why their called Arabic numerals) WHO STARTED THE REFORMATION?

Martin Luther (hes got 95 Theses, but the Pope aint one) Hates Indulgences Bible is the only source of truth

WHO BELIEVED IN PREDESTINATION? John Calvin WHO BROKE WITH THE CATHOLIC CHURCH BECAUSE HE WANTED A DIVORCE? Henry

VIII WHO MADE THE ANGLICAN CHURCH THE NATIONAL CHURCH OF ENGLAND? Elizabeth I WHO IS THE THIRTY YEARS WAR BETWEEN?

Catholics Protestant s WHAT GIVES RELIGIOUS FREEDOM TO THE HUGUENOTS? Edict of Nantes

(issued by French King Henry IV) WHAT IS THE CATHOLIC RESPONSE TO THE REFORMATION? Counter Reformatio n WHAT INVENTION DRAMATICALLY INCREASES LITERACY & SPREADS IDEAS

THROUGHOUT EUROPE? WHO ESTABLISHES A NAVIGATION SCHOOL IN PORTUGAL THAT GIVES PORTUGAL THE LEAD IN EXPLORATION? Prince Henry the Navigator

WHO ESTABLISHED A SEA ROUTE FROM PORTUGAL TO INDIA? Vasco da Gama WHO CLAIMED MOST OF EASTERN CANADA FOR FRANCE? Jacques

Cartier WHO FOREVER LINKED THE EASTERN & WESTERN HEMISPHERES? Christophe r Colombus WHO CIRCUMNAVIGATED

THE WORLD FIRST? Magellan WHO CIRCUMNAVIGATED THE GLOBE FOR ENGLAND? Drake WHO DID HERNANDO CORTES CONQUER?

Aztecs WHO DID FRANCISCO PIZARRO CONQUER? Incas WHAT HAPPENS AS A RESULT OF THE COLOMBIAN EXCHANGE? To Americas Horses, Cattle, Disease To Europe Plants (Tomatoes, Potatoes, Tobacco, Corn, etc.)

Native (First) Americans die of disease European population increases WHAT GETS TRADED IN TRIANGULAR TRADE? From Americas to Europe raw materials (lumber, sugar, cotton, etc.) From Europe to Africa manufactured goods From Africa to Americas Slaves Middle Passage = slave trade from

Africa to Americas WHO CONQUERED WHAT CITY IN 1453 THAT HELPED START THE RENAISSANCE?

People Ottomans City Constantinople City name changed to Istanbul FOR WHAT ARCHITECTURAL ACHEIVEMENT ARE THE MUGHALS MOST FAMOUS? WHAT EMPIRE WAS RULED BY A SHOGUN & ISOLATED THEMSELVES FROM THE REST OF THE WORLD?

Japan WHAT DID AFRICA TRADE DURING THE AGE OF EXPLORATION? Slaves Middle Passage Imports corn, peanuts, manufactured goods Exports slaves, gold, ivory

WHAT DOES MERCANTILISM MEAN? Mother countries get wealthy from trade with colonies during the Commercial Revolution. FAMOUS SCIENTISTS

Copernicus Kepler Galileo Newton Harvey Pasteur

Jenner

Heliocentric Theory Laws of planetary motion Proved heliocentry theory with telescope Gravity, laws of motion Heart circulates the blood

Germ theory of disease Small pox vaccine ABSOLUTE MONARCHS Who said I am the state, and built Versailles

as his symbol of power? Louis XIV (14) Who westernized his country, and built St. Petersburg as his

symbol of power? Peter the Great WHO EXECUTES CHARLES I & RULES ENGLAND AS LORD PROTECTOR? Oliver Cromwell WHO RULES ENGLAND AS A RESULT OF THE

GLORIOUS REVOLUTION (BLOODLESS) & GUARANTEES AN ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS? William Mary & WHAT EVENT STIMULATES RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE & INSPIRES BOTH THE AMERICAN & FRENCH REVOLUTIONS?

The Enlightenmen t (aka the Age of Reason) ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHERS

Hobbes Locke Rousseau Montesquie Voltaire

Best government is absolute monarchy Natural rights are Life, Liberty & Property Social Contract

Three branches of government are best Freedom of Religion & Freedom of Speech WHAT TWO EVENTS CAUSE THE FRENCH REVOLUTION? Enlightenmen t

American Revolution FRENCH REVOLUTION Two important events of F.R.

Storming of the Bastille (Starts it all) Reign of Terror (starts with execution of Louis XVI 16)

Two Results of F.R. End of Absolute Monarchy in France Rise of Napoleon LATIN AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE

Father Miguel Hidalgo Toussaint LOuverture Simon Bolivar

Starts independence movement in Mexico Starts independence movement in Haiti

Starts independence movement in South America WHO PAINTED LIBERTY LEADING THE PEOPLE? Eugene Delacroix

WHO WROTE THE FIRST NOVEL, DON QUIXOTE? Cervantes WHO GAVE FRANCE A STANDARDIZED LAW CODE & CAUSE NATIONALISM TO RISE IN MOST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES? Napoleon WHAT RESTORES ABSOLUTE

MONARCHIES IN EUROPE & ESTABLISHES A BALANCE OF POWER? Congress of Vienna (Metternich) ITALIAN UNIFICATION

Who unifies Northern Italy using diplomacy? Count Cavour Who unifies

Southern Italy through violence? Garibaldi WHO UNIFIES GERMANY THROUGH DIPLOMACY (REALPOLITIK) & VIOLENCE (FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR)? Otto von

Bismarck WHY DOES THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION START IN GREAT BRITAIN? Enclosure movement (farmers move to cities) Cheap labor (those unemployed farmers) Natural resources (remember coal) Inventions (spinning jenny, flying

shuttle, steam engine) INVENTORS Eli Whitney Johann Gutenburg

James Watt Henry Bessemer Cotton Gin Printing Press Steam Engine Process for

making steel ECONOMIC THEORIES

Who gives us the ideas of Capitalism? Adam Smith Other ideas from Smith Laissez-faire (no government involvement)

Private ownership of means of production Whats his book called? Wealth of Nations

Who gives us the ideas of Communism? Karl Marx Other ideas from

Marx Communism needs violent revolution Redistribution of Wealth Government owns means of production Whats his book called? Communist Manifesto LABOR LAW REFORM

Who worked in factories because they were a source of cheap labor? Women Children

What reforms resulted from those labor practices? Suffrage (vote)

for Women Child labor laws LABOR REFORMS What caused the rise of labor unions? Poor working

conditions in factories How did workers get more rights (sick time,

vacation, better pay, better hours)? Strikes Collective bargaining IN THE AGE OF IMPERIALISM, WHAT TWO THINGS DID EUROPEANS NEED? Markets Materials

(raw) WHAT LINKS THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA & INDIAN OCEAN FOR TRADE? Suez Canal WHAT DID EUROPEANS USE TO CONTROL TRADE IN CHINA?

Spheres of Influence BEFORE IMPERIALISM, HOW DID THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT CONTROL TRADE WITH EUROPEANS? Trade

Enclaves WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I? Militarism Alliance System Imperialism Nationalism

WHAT CAUSES THE UNITED STATES TO ENTER WWI? Zimmerman Telegram Germany offered alliance to Mexico if it would invade U.S.A. RESULTS OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES Blames Germany for WWI

Germany pays reparations Germany has reduced military Creates League of Nations Creates Mandate System THE MANDATE SYSTEM TAKES TERRITORY FROM THE OLD OTTOMAN EMPIRE & GIVES IT TO -

France Syria & Lebanon Great Britain Palestine & Jordan RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONS ARE CAUSED BY - Poor

Leadership of Nicholas II WWI Vladimir Lenin WHO LED THE GREAT PURGE TO ELIMINATE HIS OPPONENTS & WHAT WAS THE COUNTRY? Joseph Stalin

U.S.S.R. (Soviet Union) WHY DOES THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS FAIL? No power to enforce its decisions United States never joins

WHAT ARE EFFECTS OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION? High unemployment Bank failures Rise of totalitarian governments WHAT TERRITORY DOES JAPAN INVADE IN THE 1930S & WHY?

Manchuria To get Raw Materials (imperialism) WHAT POLICY FAILS TO PREVENT WWII? Appeasement

(remember Munich Conference) WORLD WAR II EVENTS Germany Invades Poland Fall of France Battle of Britain Germany invades Soviet Union Japan attacks Pearl Harbor D-Day V-E Day (Germany Surrenders)

Atomic bombs on Hiroshima & Nagasaki V-J Day (Japan surrenders) 20TH CENTURY GENOCIDES Armenian Genocide Turks kill Christians Holocaust Nazis kill Jews, gypsies & others (aka Final Solution) Rwanda Hutus vs Tutsis

Yugoslavia Christians kill Muslims COLD WAR United States Capitalism NATO

Democracy USSR Communism Warsaw Pact Totalitarianism

WHAT IS BEING HELD IN PLACE BY CONTAINMENT? Communism WHAT ARE TWO EXAMPLES OF COLD WAR CONTAINMENT? Korean War (N.Korea vs S.Korea) Vietnam War

(N.Vietnam vs S.Vietnam) WHAT COLD WAR EVENT ALMOST CAUSES WORLD WAR III? Cuban Missile Crisis WHAT COLD WAR STRUCTURE WAS A

SYMBOL OF THE DIVISION BETWEEN EAST & WEST? Berlin Wall CHINESE CIVIL WAR

Who controls mainland China after the war? Mao (communists) What kind of economy did they

have? Communist What kind of government did they have? Totalitarian (dictatorship)

Who controls Taiwan (island) after the war? Chiang Kai-Shek What kind of economy did they

have? Capitalist What kid of government did they have? Democracy COLD WAR CONFLICTS

Korean Conflict (War) North vs. South Communist vs. Capitalist War ends with Cease Fire

Still in conflict today Vietnam War

North vs. South Communist vs. Capitalist War ends with South Vietnam defeated Unified country today WHAT COUNTRY DOES GANDHI LIBERATE & HOW DOES HE DO IT?

India Civil Disobedience Passive Resistance WHAT DOCUMENT HELPED LEAD TO AFRICAN INDEPENDENCE & DESCRIB E THOSE MOVEMENTS? United Nations Charter West Africa peaceful

independence Algeria & Kenya violent independence WHAT POLICY SEGREGATED WHITES & NON-WHITES IN SOUTH AFRICA, AND WHO ENDS THAT POLICY? Apartheid Ended

by Nelson Mandela WHAT THREE WORLD RELIGIONS ARE MONOTHEISTIC? Judaism Islam Christianity WHERE DO YOU FIND MOST BUDDHISTS TODAY?

China & Southeast Asia WHERE WOULD YOU FIND MOST MUSLIMS TODAY? Middle East

North Africa Indonesia WHERE WOULD YOU FIND MOST JEWS TODAY? Israel (Middle East) WHO FOUNDS BUDDHISM, WHO SPREADS IT, AND HOW DO YOU ACHIEVE

ENLIGHTENMENT? Siddhartha (founder) Ashoka (spreads) Eightfold Path or Four Noble Truths lead to enlightenment WHAT TWO THINGS CAUSE ETHNIC & RELIGIOUS CONFLICT TODAY?

Migration of guest workers Refugees WHAT RELIGIONS ARE IN CONFLICT IN THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT? Judaism Islam

WHAT RELIGIONS ARE IN CONFLICT IN THE BOSNIAN-SERBIAN CONFLICT? Islam Christianity WHAT IS THE IMF? International Monetary Fund

WHAT IS NAFTA? North American Free Trade Agreement WHAT INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION IS FORMED AFTER WWII TO PREVENT FURTHER WARS? United

Nations TODAYS ISSUES

Developed Countries Lots of technology Low infant mortality rate High GDP (gross domestic product) High PCI (per capita income)

High literacy rate

Developing Countries Limited access to technology High infant mortality Low GDP Low PCI Lower literacy rate COMPANIES TRADING ACROSS BORDERS,

AND COUNTRIES BEING FURTHER CONNECTED ARE ALL EXAMPLES OF Globalization (think Wal-Mart, Coca-Cola, etc)

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