Shakay-yaat-e-Namaaz (Doubts in the Prayers) The number of doubts one can have while praying 22 Number of doubts which Number of doubts which are Number of doubts which Invalidate the Prayers Valid Doubts Should be Ignored 7 9 6 7 Doubts which Invalidate the Prayers 1. Doubts about the number of Rak'ats occurring in obligatory prayers which consist of 2 Rak'ats, like, Fajr prayers, or prayers offered by a traveller. However, doubt about number of Rak'ats in Mustahab prayers or namaz of Ihteyat does not make the prayers void. 2. Doubts about the number of Rak'ats occurring in prayers consisting of 3 Rak'ats, that is, Maghrib prayers. 3. Doubt occurring in prayers of 4 Rak'ats as to whether one has performed one Rak'at or more. 4. Doubt in prayers of 4 Rak'ats before going to the second Sajdah, as to whether he has performed 2 Rak'ats or more. 5. Doubts between 2 & 5 Rak'ats or between 2 and more than 5 Rak'ats. 6. Doubts between 3 & 6 Rak'ats or between 3 and more than 6 Rak'ats. 7. Doubt between 4 and 6 Rak'ats or between 4 and more than 6

Rak'ats, with the details which will come later. 6 Doubts which Should be Ignored 1. Doubt about an act whose time of performance has already passed, like, during Ruku a person doubts as to whether he did or did not recite Surah al-Hamd 2. Doubt occurring after the Salam of prayers 3. Doubt after the time of prayers has already passed 4. Doubt of a person, who doubts too much 5. Doubt by the Imam (one who leads the congregation prayers) about the number of Rak'ats when the ma'mum (follower) is aware of the number, and similarly the doubts of the ma'mum when the Imam knows the number of Rak'ats 6. Doubt which occurs in Mustahab prayers and Namaz of Ihteyat 9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts There are nine situations in which a person can have doubts about the number of Raka'ats in the namaaz consisting of four Rakaats. In those situations, one should pause to think, and if he arrives at any decision or probability, he should act accordingly. If doubt persists, he should follow these rules: (see doubts 1-9 in the following slides) Islamic Laws, Ruling 1208 9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed 2 or 3 3 2 or 4 4

2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 5 4 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6 4 Action to take OR 1. After the second Sajdah, if a person doubts whether he has performed 2 Rak'ats or 3, he should assume that he has performed 3 Rak'ats, and finish the prayers after performing one more Rak'at. And after finishing the prayers he should offer, as an obligatory precaution, 1 Rak'at of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, standing. 9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding

Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed 2 or 3 3 2 or 4 4 2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 5 4 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6 4

Action to take OR 2. If after the second Sajdah, a person doubts whether he has performed 2 or 4 Rak'ats, he should decide that he has performed 4 Rak'ats and finish his prayers. He should then stand up to offer 2 Rak'ats of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat. 9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed 2 or 3 3 2 or 4 4 2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4 4 or 5

4 3 or 5 4 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6 4 Action to take OR 3. If a person doubts, after the second Sajdah, whether he has performed 2, 3 or 4 Rak'ats, he should decide that he has performed 4 Rak'ats. After completing the prayers, he should perform 2 Rak'ats of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat standing, and 2 Rak'ats in the sitting position. 9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed 2 or 3 3 2 or 4 4

2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4 3 or 5 4 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6 4 Action to take OR In any of these four situations, if the doubt occurs after the first Sajdah, and before 4 orgone 5 into the second, 4 the prayers having will be void. 4. If a person doubts after the second Sajdah, as to whether he has performed 4 or 5 Rak'ats, he should decide that he has performed 4 Rak'ats and finish his prayers. After that he should perform two sajdatus sahv. And this rule applies to every situation of doubt between four and

more Rak'ats, like, if one doubts whether he has prayed four or six Rak'ats. And there can be a situation where at one single time, one doubts whether he has performed less than four or more than four Rak'ats. If this doubt occurs after the second Sajdah, he will in each doubt, decide that he has performed four Rak'ats, then for a doubt that he might have performed less, he will redress it by Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, and for a doubt that he might have performed more, he will perform Sajdatus Sahv. 9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed 2 or 3 3 2 or 4 4 2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4

4 or 5 4 3 or 5 4 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6 4 Action to take OR 5. If a person doubts at any stage during his prayers, whether he has performed 3 or 4 Rak'ats, he should decide that he has performed 4 Rak'ats and finish his prayers. Thereafter he should offer Namaz-e-Ihtiyat of 1 Rak'at standing or of 2 Rak'ats in the sitting position. 9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed 2 or 3 3

2 or 4 4 2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 5 4 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6 4 Action to take OR 6. If a person doubts while standing, as to whether he has performed 4 Rak'ats or 5, he should sit down and recite tashahhud and the Salam of prayers. Then he should stand up to offer Namaz-e-Ihtiyat of 1 Rak'at, or give 2 Rak'ats while sitting. 9 Doubts which are

Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed 2 or 3 3 2 or 4 4 2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 5 4 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6

4 Action to take OR 7. If one doubts, while standing, whether he has performed three or five Rak'ats, he should sit down and read tashahhud and Salam to finish the prayers. After that, he should offer 2 Rak'ats of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat standing. 9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed 2 or 3 3 2 or 4 4 2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4

4 or 5 4 3 or 5 4 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6 4 Action to take OR 8. If a person doubts while standing, as to whether he has offered 3, 4 or 5 Rak'ats, he should sit down and recite tashahhud and the Salam of prayers. Thereafter, he should offer Namaz-e-Ihtiyat of 2 Rak'ats standing, and another 2 Rak'ats in the sitting position. 9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed 2 or 3 3 2 or 4

4 2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 5 4 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6 4 Action to take OR 9. If a person doubts, while standing, whether he has performed 5 or 6 Rak'ats, he should sit down and recite tashahhud and Salam of the prayers. Thereafter, he should perform two sajdatus sahv. In all the foregoing four situations one should, as a recommended precaution, also offer two sajdatus sahv for an extra qiyaam.

9 Doubts which are Valid Doubts Doubt Regarding Raka'at Number While in Assume Raka'ats completed Action to take 2 or 3 3 2 or 4 4 2, 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 3 or 4 4 4 or 5 4 When a person has any of the above valid doubts, he should not break the prayers, if the time for namaaz is very short. He should act according to the rules given above. In fact, even if there be ample time for namaaz, it is a recommended precaution that

namaaz should not be broken, and the rules of redressing the situations of doubt be followed. 3 or 5 4 Islamic Laws, Ruling1209 3, 4 or 5 4 5 or 6 4 OR Namaaz-e-Ihtiyaat A person, for whom it is obligatory to offer Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, should make its niyyat immediately after the Salam of prayers, and pronounce takbir and recite Surah al-Hamd and then perform Ruku and two Sajdah. Now, if he has to perform only one Rak'at of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, he should recite tashahhud and Salam of the prayers after two Sajdah. If it is obligatory for him to perform 2 Rak'ats of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, he should perform, after the 2 Sajdah, another Rak'at like the first one, and then complete with tashahhud and Salam. Islamic Laws, Ruling 1224 Sajdah-e-Sahv Immediately after the Salam of prayers, one should make a niyyat of performing Sajdah, placing one's forehead, as an obligatory precaution, on an object which is allowed. It is a recommended precaution that Zikr be recited, and a better Zikr is: Bismillahi wa billah assalamu 'alayka ayyuhan Nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. Then one should sit up and perform another Sajdah reciting the above mentioned Zikr. After performing the second Sajdah one should sit up again and recite tashahhud and then say: Assalamu 'alaykum'; it is better to add to it: Wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. Islamic Laws, Ruling 1259