Progressive Era Review Chapter 17 & 18 Social Gospel vs. Social Darwinism Using Christian teachings and applying them to society Applying Darwins theory of Survival of the fittest to society and business Progressives Florence Kelley Fought for
Passage of Child labor laws Jane Addams Founded the Hull House in Chicago Susan B. Anthony Early leader of womens suffrage movement Robert
LaFollette Wisconsin senator leading political reform W.E.B. DuBois Founder of NAACP who fought for civil rights Voting & Election Reform REFORM WHAT IT DID
Recall Allows for voters to propose to remove an elected official for office in a special recall election Secret Ballot Allows for voters to cast their votes privately in a disclosed voting booth Initiative Allows for individuals to propose or bring up legislative ideas without lawmakers getting involved Referendum
Allows for individuals to vote on laws passed by lawmakers Civil Rights Debate BOOKER T. WASHINGTON Born into slavery in the South Advocated for African-Americans to learn to cope with current situation and learn skills Tuskegee Institute: vocational school created Booker T. Washington in Alabama Supported segregation W.E.B. DuBOIS Born a free man in Connecticut First African-American to graduate from Harvard NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People): Helped found one of the first major civil rights
organizations Supported education and integration Progressive Presidents PROGRESSIVE ACCOMPLISHMENTS Square Deal Trustbuster Meat Inspection Act Pure Food and Drug Act Conservationist National Parks US Forest Dept. Labor supporter 16th Amendment: Income Tax Broke up twice as
many trusts as TR New Freedom Federal Reserve System Federal Trade Commission Clayton Antitrust Act 18th Amendment: Prohibition 19th Amendment: Womens Suffrage Progressive Amendments AMENDMENT WHAT? WHEN?
16 Graduated income tax that taxed wealthier citizens a higher percentage 1912 Taft 17 Direct election of US Senators 1913 Wilson 18
Prohibition of the sale, manufacturing, distribution and transportation of alcohol 1919 Wilson Granted full suffrage (voting rights) to women 1920 Wilson th th th 19th
"Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!" Emma Lazarus, "The New Colossus," 1883 1. Where can this quote be found today? A. Ellis Island Entrance B. Angel Island Entrance C. Capitol Building Floor D. Statue of Liberty 2. Which group of people of people is likely being described as tired, poor, huddled masses? A. Children B. Immigrants C. African-Americans D. Women Examine the cause/effect flowchart below. Which of the
following effects best completes the diagram? A. children who lose their jobs protest the new laws B. the number of children in school increases dramatically C. the number of children living on the streets increases sharply D. many working mothers quit to care for their children at home Examine the table to the below. Which of the following statements best summarizes the data in the table? a.) Only the very rich were required to pay taxes. b.) Tax rates in 1913 were higher than those today. c.) Most people in 1913 made more than $75,000 a year. d.) People with higher incomes were required to pay more taxes.
"...no country can be well governed unless its citizens as a body keep religiously before their minds that they are the guardians of the law and that the law officers are only the machinery for its execution, nothing more." - Mark Twain, The Gilded Age 1871 Which of the following would be a synonym for the word religiously in this passage? a. Thoroughly b. Inconsistently c. Quickly d. Sacrilegiously What criticisms is Mark Twain most likely talking about that were occurring in this time period? a. Child labor b. Womens suffrage c. Political corruption d. Alcohol consumption Who had the authority to make laws
to enforce the 18th Amendment? a.) the President and Supreme Court b.) Congress and the states c.) local governments d.) the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Short Answer. (5 points) Which of the following Progressive Era problems do you think was most important for reformers to address? Explain why in 4-6 sentences. child labor racial discrimination womens voting rights political corruption poor urban living conditions
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