AIM: How did the Aryan migration affect the

AIM: How did the Aryan migration affect the

AIM: How did the Aryan migration affect the settlers of the Indus Valley? Do Now: Stay or Flee Do Not write on the paper Read textbook p. 76-78 on Hinduism H Readings on caste sDystem and Hinduism - answer all 5 quesns on lined paper from documents 2,8 and reading from

Upanishads. HW: Read pages 76-78. Read Documents 2,8, and Upanishads and answer all 5 questions. The Aryans 1500-250 BC I.

Indo-European Migrations 1. Nomads: someone who moves from place to place in search for food. 2. From the Steppes of the Caucasus Mts. A. Steppe: dry grasslands. 3. Migrated (moved) all throughout Europe & southwest Asia. II. Aryans 1. Indo-Europeans who migrated into the Indus Valley.

2. Vedas: books that set down their prayers, songs, spells & religious formulas. 3. Varnas: A. Rigid class system created by the Aryans. i. Aryans had the best jobs. ii. Dasa (dark) had the worst jobs. 4. Magadha major kingdom of the Aryans.

Kingdoms of the Ganges What were the main characteristics of Aryan civilization in India? How did expansion lead to changes in Aryan civilization? The Vedas are the ancient scriptures or revelation (Shruti) of the Hindu teachings.

Aryan Civilization Expansion led to change in Aryan civilization because they mingled with the people they conquered; gave up their nomadic ways and settled into villages to farm and breed cattle;

learned such skills as iron making and developed crafts of their own; fought to control trade and territory moved toward the idea of a single spiritual power; some rajas, or tribal chiefs, became hereditary rulers; developed the written language of Sanskrit. The Caste System and Daily Life Caste rules governed every aspect of lifewhere people lived, what they ate, how they dressed, and what work they

did. Life for the lowest ranking caste, the Untouchables, was harsh and restricted. People knew that they could not change their status in this life. However, they believed that they could reach a higher state in a future life by fulfilling the duties of their present caste. Each caste had its own leaders and its own occupation, and caste members cooperated to help one another.

Priests Warriors Peasants/Traders Laborers/Craftsmen

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