World War I People WHII.10 World War I

World War I People WHII.10 World War I

World War I People WHII.10 World War I People 1914-1918 1. Archduke Franz Ferdinand Prince of Austria-Hungary his assassination in 1914 SPARKED the beginning of

WWI. World War I People 1914-1918 2. The Black Hand (Gavrillo Princip) Terrorists/Serbian Nationalist group (anarchists) who assassinated Austrias Archduke Ferdinand

World War I People 1914-1918 3. Kaiser Wilhelm II King of Germany during World War I World War I People 1914-1918

4. Tsar Nicholas II Incompetent Tsar of Russia during World War I World War I People 1914-1918 5. Woodrow Wilson

President of the United States during World War I Created the Fourteen Points to help write the Treaty of Versailles World War I People 1914-1918 6. Vladimir Lenin Russian communist leader

began revolution in Russia Causes of World War I WHII.10 Militarism Definition: policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war Beginning 20th Century:

Rise of DANGEROUS arms race European nations believed that in order to be great they needed a powerful military By 1914 ALL Great Powers had large standing armies (except Great Britain) Also believed that troops had to be very mobile (ready to move and fight at any time) so generals developed mobilization plans Having a large and standing army made citizens feel VERY PATRIOTIC BUT it also frightened some

Alliances Definition: a union to promote a common interest (taking sides and forming friendships) Military alliances were formed due to growing rivalries and mistrust among the great powers in Europe Designed to keep peace but instead pushed countries to war Ultimately divided Europe into

competing camps Allies and Central Powers Imperialism Com p etiti for on Col

oni es Definition: competition for colonies (everyone wants to be the BEST and MOST powerful) Beginning 20th Century: European nations had been competing for colonies in Africa and Asia (why?) Competition and feelings of superiority pushed nations to war As the competition continued their mistrust and rivalry of one another strengthened

Nationalism Definition: Deep devotion to ones nation Can be a unifying force within a country Can also cause competition among other nations All want to be the most powerful Beginning 20th century

All of Europes GREAT powers were rivals Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, and France Causes of World War I MAIN causes are. Militarism Alliances Imperialism

Nationalism Other causes include diplomatic failures and competition over colonies (imperialism). World War I (1914-1918) was caused by competition among industrial nations in Europe and a failure of diplomacy. The war transformed European and American life, wrecked the economies of Europe, and planted the seeds for a second world war.

World War I Major Events WHII.10b Assassination of Austrias Archduke Franz Ferdinand Watc SHOP h Dress Shop

Repa ir Candy Store Assassination of Austrias Archduke Franz Ferdinand Franz Ferdinand: heir to Austro-Hungarian throne Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, visited Sarajevo (capital of Bosnia) and rode through the

streets in an open car on June 28, 1914 Assassin: Gavrilo Princip, Serbian nationalist and member of the Black Hand (Serbian Nationalist Group) Secret society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule Austria attempted to punish Serbia since Princip was Serbian This led to the beginning of World War I Sinking of the Lusitania: U

n a United States enters Germthe oat B War GermanyGreat provoked the United States by sinking the Lusitania.

(This is the first reason the United States wanted to go to war with Germany.) Lusitan ia German The Zimmerman Note: The United States enters the The Zimmerman Note was a telegram intercepted by the United States.

Great WarIt wasMexico, Germany WANTED them to find out about the note.Dear part of their plan to get the US to enter the war. Basically it was a note persuading Mexico to enter the war on the side of Germany! Please be our ally and Germany Mexico join us in this GREAT

WAR and fight against your enemy, the United States, for all of the suffering and pain they have caused your country in the past. We NEED you and besides you could get some revenge! Sincerely,

German Germany German U-Boat Warfare: U n a United States enters Germthe oat

B Great War After an agreement between the neutral United States and the German Central Powers government that Germany would stop U-Boat warfare they continued. The sinking of the Lusitania was one of the last things the United States could bare. German German Provocations:

The United States enters the War Germany bothered the United States so much they were eventually so frustrated they entered the war on the side of the Allies. The United States entered at the perfect time because Russia was suffering so badly from the war and on the home front, the country had to leave the war. Russia in the

Great War WHII.10b Russia Leaves the Great War Russias defeat in war with Japan in 1905 JAPAN

RUSSIA Russia Leaves the Great War Causes of 1917 Revolutions Defeat in war with Japan in 1905 before WWI even started Russia was weakened by this defeat In a way the country never recovered Russia Leaves the Great War

Landless Peasantry Russia Leaves the Great War Causes of 1917 Revolutions Landless peasantry People of Russia did not own land! They were MAD!! A feudal society existed in Russia What is this?

Russia Leaves the Great War Tsar W Incompetence E of Tsar Nicholas II A

K Wife, Russia Leaves the Great War Causes of 1917 Revolutions Incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II Romanovs were the ruling family in Russia for over 300 years Nicholas IITsar of Russiaweak ruler WWI had drained Russias resources (no medicine or weapons) Nicholas II went to the front lines to lead military (inept leader)

Wife Alexandra (granddaughter of Queen Victoria of England) left in chargewas never well liked by the Russian people Wife Alexandra depended on a Russian holy man named Rasputin (the mad monk) He eased the suffering of Alexis (her son) who had hemophilia Rasputin led her to make bad decisions Russia Leaves the Great War Military defeats and high casualties in

World War I Russia Leaves the Great War Causes of 1917 Revolutions Military defeats and high casualties in World War I March 1917 Russians were discontent with the lack of progress on the battlefront, the shortage of food, and lack of fuel and needed supplies. Russians were striking and the military refused to

impose order. Tsar Nicholas II abdicated (resigned from power) Russia Leaves the Great War Causes of 1917 Revolutions The March Revolution The Duma (Russian Legislature) set up a provisional government and began drafting a constitution while continuing to fight against Germany Troops were deserting, peasants wanted land, city

workers wanted food which was scarce. Russia Leaves the Great War The Communist Manifesto By: Karl Marx Th

i bi s b he ble ook Ru c lp m and is m ss o n e w y ia tro ga ill l ha .H of in !! ah ! ah

a Hello my Name is Hello my Vladimir Name is Lenin Vladimir Lenin

Russia Leaves the Great War Hello my Name is Vladimir Lenin Lenin and the Bolsheviks Russia Leaves the Great War Causes of 1917 Revolutions:

Lenin and the Bolsheviks Vladamir Ilyich Ulyanov (V. I. Lenin) had been exiled from Russia What is exiled? Studied and followed works of Karl Marx (Communist Manifesto) Wanted an elite group to control the government (proletariat) He named them the Bolsheviks and led them in a revolution when he returned from exile (aided by the Germans)

Lenin and the Bolsheviks HOW DID LENIN GET POWER!? He BREAD promised.... Hello my PEACE

Name is Vladimir Lenin LAND Lenin and the Bolsheviks New Government IN

COMMUNI SM Moscow Lenin and the Bolsheviks The DUMA Russian Legislature

The Provisional Government = WEAK The New Russian Constitution The Bolsheviks overthrow This FAILED!!! the Lenin and the Bolsheviks

Tsar Nicholas II and the Romanov Family The Bolshevi How did Lenin get power!? The November Revolution Lenin and the Bolsheviks promised the people Peace, Land, and Bread They attacked the provisional government and

overthrew it. The Bolsheviks set up a new government in Moscow and took the name Communists led by Lenin They imprisoned and then executed the majority of the Romanov family including the czar and his wife and children. After the Executions The November Revolution Lenin withdrew Russia from WWI and signed the

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in1918. For 3 years, civil war continued (the anticommunist white army had help from the Allies) and in 1921 the communists defeated the white army Russia Leaves the Great War Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 1918 Germany and Russia are

Friends!!! No More War!!!! (Watch out for those dictators) WWI Russia Leaves the Great War 1921:

War Ended and the White Army was DEFEATED..The Communists won. VS . COMMUNIST (RED) ARMY

WHITE ARMY (ANTI-COMMUNIST) Rise of Communism Bolshevik Revolution and Civil War Vladamir Lenins New Economic Policy Lenin instated Communism for the Russian government and society According to him this would give all PEACE, LAND, and BREAD

Joseph Stalin Lenins successor Stalin came to be known in the Soviet Union during Lenins reign (the more that was known the more he was liked due to all of his wonderful promises) Stalin became the premier of the Soviet Union when Lenin died RECAP Tsarist Russia entered World War I as an absolute monarchy

with sharp class divisions between the nobility and the peasants. The grievances of workers and peasants were not resolved by the Tsar. Inadequate administration in Outcomes of World War I WHII.10 After World War I...

After World War I, international organizations and agreements were established to avoid future conflicts. Colonies WWI followed the Age of Imperialism which left many of the European nations with colonies who could help them WIN the war! Participation in the war increased demands for independence W

= R WA ew be ant t FRE o E !!!

The End... Russia Imperial (Russian Empire) no more Russia Russia became the U.S.S.R. (Soviet Union) Soviet Union The End... Ottoman Empire No more empire

The Treaty of Versailles ended the empire and divided the land into several mandates instead of independent nations Before After The Mandate System During World War I: Great Britain and France agreed to divide large

portions of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East between themselves. After the war: Mandate System gave Great Britain and France control over the lands that became Iraq, Transjordan, and Palestine (British controlled) and Syria and Lebanon (French controlled). The Mandate System Divisions of the Ottoman Empire through the

mandate system. Planted seeds for future conflicts in the Middle East The End... Austro-Hungarian Empire The Austro-Hungarian Empire was divided into several smaller countries All were recognized as independent nations NEW

The End... German Empire Germanys empire came to an end Germany lost a good amount of land to surrounding countries Europes hopes were to keep the country weak New Lan ds!

Cost of War The cost of war was ENORMOUS!! MANY people lost their lives Cities and Countries were destroyed from trench warfare and bombings Families were split apart The enormous cost of war touched everyone through loss of lives, property, and social disruption. Treaty of Versailles

WHII.10 The Treaty of Versailles made Germany... G. A G. G. Germany LOST territory & had to pay

for REPARATIONS!!!! Reparations = $ paid for war damages to help destroyed countries rebuild. A. ALL guilt for war was forced on Germany!!! (War Guilt Clause)

Hahaha.Youre GUILTY! Its ALL your fault! Its all your fault!! G. German military was LIMITED!!! No, you CANT do that!!!

League of Nations In addition to punishing Germany in MANY ways the Treaty of Versailles created the League of Nations One of Woodrow Wilsons Fourteen Points (14th) International cooperative organization Established to prevent future wars Goal would be to keep peace among nations United States never became a member FAILED: did not have power to enforce its decisions

In the end... Peace built on Quicksand Treaty of Versailles did LITTLE to build a lasting peace United States DIDNT accept the treaty! We later signed a treaty with Germany and other Central Powers

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