Conflicts and Genocide How does the United States

Conflicts and Genocide  How does the United States

Conflicts and Genocide How does the United States handle present day conflicts in Africa that are influenced by the past? Prior to WWII, African tribes were the traditional political unit.

Many of todays political problems and conflicts stem the impact of years of colonial rule. Reasons for the United Nations involvement in Sub-Saharan Africa Colonial rule created numerous issues throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, and currently 7 of

the 15 United Nations peacekeeping missions are in Africa. Rwanda and Sudan have been urgent and devastating. What is Genocide? The deliberate and systematic extermination of an ethnic,

racial, political, or religious group. Stages of Genocide Classification Us vs. Them mentality, creation of categories for different people

Symbolization Names or symbols are given to the classifications Dehumanization Deny the humanity of the group.

Preparation Victims are identified and separated out because of their ethnic or religious identity Extermination Mass killing Denial Perpetrators burn the bodies, cover up

evidence, intimidate witnesses, and admit nothing. Somalia Somalia 1992 Years of warfare among rival clans caused famine on a biblical scale. 300,000 civilians

died of starvation. Mohamed Farrah Aidid, the most powerful of the warlords, ruled the capital Mogadishu. Aidid seized international food shipments at the ports. April

1993 The world responded. Behind a force of 20,000 United States Marines, food was delivered and order restored. Aidid waited until the Marines withdrew, and then declared war on the remaining United Nations peacekeepers. In June, Aidids militia

ambushed and slaughtered 24 Pakistani Soldiers, and began targeting American personnel. Saturday, October 2, 1993 At a Red Cross Food Distribution Center unarmed

civilians were fired upon. This food is the property of Mohamed Farrah Aidid. Go back to your homes. Delta Force was advised not to assist because they were not being fired upon themselves. Black Hawk Down

The Result The situation became dire when in one attempt to capture Aidid two Black Hawk helicopters were shot down, and a firefight ensued. The situation proved to be disastrous for the U.S. and created reluctance to enter Africa in the future. Today Somalia still suffers from severe governmental and economic instability.

Rwanda Rwandan Genocide Hutu Tutsi

Majority of the Rwandan people Discriminated against by the Belgians Shorter, dark skinned

Minority of the Rwandan population Favored by the Belgian colonists Taller, lighter skinned Rwandan Refugee Camp in

Zaire Rwanda and Burundi were torn by ethnic strife since independence from Belgium in 1962. Hutus make up 85% of population while the Tutsis 15%. Hutus were farmers, while the Tutsis were more

aristocratic. Belgians gave Tutsis more land rights and more privileges as well as government jobs solely to them. When Belgium lost control in 1962, it tried to set up a Tutsi government.

When the Belgians left there was a power vacuum and the area split into two: Rwanda controlled by Hutus Burundi controlled by Tutsis In 1990, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) attempted to overthrow the Hutu led Rwandan government. UN peacekeepers tried to stop the violence. Peace accords were signed in Aug. 1993, but after a plane

crash killed the presidents of both Rwanda and Burundi, ethnic violence erupted. 11 UN peacekeepers were executed because they were in the way. Armed with grenades, AK-47s, and machetes, Hutus slaughtered an estimated 800,000 Tutsi and Hutu sympathizers in 100 days. Tutsis were told by radio to stay in their homes while a 30,000 member militia group, known as the Interahamwe ravaged through neighborhoods, and ordinary Hutus killed their Tutsi

neighbors. The killings went five times faster than the Nazis killed in WWII. The genocidal slaughter has been shown to have been carefully orchestrated by the Hutu government in advance. Despite horrific reports of genocide, no other country came to the Tutsi's assistance. The UN, already stationed

in Rwanda, withdrew soon after their 11 soldiers were killed. A Tutsi rebel force, the Rwandan Patriotic Front, swept across the country in a 14-week civil war that overtook the Hutu extremists

Sudan Sudan has been at war with itself for more than three-quarters of its existence The First Sudanese Civil war took place from 1955-1972 and was between the north and south.

The Second Sudanese Civil War started in 1983 and continued until peace was negotiated in 2005. During the second civil war, more than two million people were killed and more than four million have been displaced. The Lost Boys of Sudan are a group of boys girls were also displaced and targeted as young as six years old who walked a

distance equivalent to walking from Denver to Chicago. It took 3 months and over half were killed or captured. In 2003, people in the Darfur wanted fundamental human rights. The government in Khartoum feared this, and hired the Janjaweed to exterminate the black African groups in the Darfur.

The Janjaweed enter villages to rape, burn, and slaughter. According to BBC news, the death toll is estimated at 300,000 with close to 2 million displaced in refugee camps in Chad, where disease and famine run rampant. The Sudanese government disagrees as they estimate 10,000 deaths.

Today, reporters and humanitarian aid have been blocked by the Sudanese government so that very few images of what is happening can be captured. While there are no public auctions, modern slavery exists in Sudan. Several thousand have been enslaved in Sudan in the past ten years.

Often, the northern forces seize the southern Animists. They are used as forced labor, sexually exploited and in some cases sold to other masters. The government denies slavery exists. However, it is reported the government tends to look the other way as they use slavery as a way to rid themselves of their enemies.

Only the dead have seen the end of war. -Plato

Recently Viewed Presentations



    Unit Vectors. A unit vectoris a vector of magnitude 1 (in any direction). To find a unit vector in a specific direction (the direction of another given vector), you must "divide" the given vector using scalar multiplication so that the...
  • Lecture 15: The Hydrogen Atom

    Lecture 15: The Hydrogen Atom

    Lecture 15: The Hydrogen Atom J.J. Thomson's Plum Pudding Model of the Atom (1897) Rutherford's a Scattering Experiment (1911) Discovery of the Atomic Nucleus Rutherford's Solar System Model of the Atom Hydrogen Atom is Unstable?
  • Reading is Fun!- Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief

    Reading is Fun!- Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief

    Times New Roman Arial Calibri Century Gothic Romanesque 1_Romanesque Microsoft Photo Editor 3.0 Photo Reading is Fun!- Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief The Plan Lesson Examples Essential and Unit Questions TEKS- ELAR Grade 7- 110.19. TEKS, contd. TA TEKS...
  • UMMS Diversity Summit II Implementing the Recommendations of

    UMMS Diversity Summit II Implementing the Recommendations of

    numerical aims for admission/employment of protected classes set in proportion to the availability rates ... there is an opportunity to increase the pool of qualified applicants in the following ... Both the Recruiters and Champions work together to identify potential...
  • 1 HK_99313_2.ppt Have we got a contract and

    1 HK_99313_2.ppt Have we got a contract and

    Have we got a contract and when do we have to perform? Presented by Steven Yip/James Yeung 20 June 2007 Topics Formation of contract Offer Acceptance Intention Consideration Privity of Contract Offer Expression of willingness to contract on certain terms,...
  • Chapter 16

    Chapter 16

    The hands and feet of all primates haveā€¦ 5 digits . Flat nails . Sensitive areas on the end their digits . The first digit of the hand or feet are . opposable. Thumb or Toe . Set apart from...
  • Taxonomy and Classification Review Game Part 1 Taxonomy

    Taxonomy and Classification Review Game Part 1 Taxonomy

    Taxonomy and Classification Unit. Areas of Focus within The Taxonomy and Classification Unit:Taxonomy, Classification, Need for Taxonomy vs. Common Names, What is a Species?, Dichotomous Keys, What does Classification Use?, The Domains of Life, Kingdoms of Life,The 8 Taxonomic Ranks,...
  • Europe (600 AD) The Spread of Islam

    Europe (600 AD) The Spread of Islam

    The 1st crusade was the only crusade that achieved its goals. Result - Crusaders gained control of Jerusalem in 1099. 1st Crusade (1095-1099) The Princes' Crusade. First Crusade promoted anti-Semitism. 1096 A German army moved in the opposite direction from...