Delivering Fair Dementia Care for People with Advanced

Delivering Fair Dementia Care for People with Advanced

Delivering Fair Dementia Care for People with Advanced Dementia: Fair Dementia Care Commission Vision for transformation Advanced Dementia Practice Model The Scottish Government accept and recognise that on the basis of this report, there is clear evidence that once a person has reached the advanced stage of

dementia, all their needs are health care needs. Why this is important? Over 90,000 people living with dementia in Scotland Scale and impact makes dementia a public health priority No current effective treatment or cure

Progressive nature of underlying disease process leads to advanced illness and shorten life Second leading cause of death in Scotland (11.3% of all recorded deaths) and leading cause of death among women. Increasing understanding of the complex nature of advanced illness and the need for health and nursing care Evidence of the lack of equality of access to health and nursing care in advanced dementia. Aims of the commission To determine how advanced dementia is defined and recognised in practice.

To estimate the size of the population of people living with and dying from advanced dementia in Scotland. To examine and describe the current charges and cost framework of advanced dementia care. To make recommendations on what needs to change for Scotland to lead the way in achieving fair dementia care from diagnosis to the end of life. What the commission did

The commission used a combination of desk-based research methods to review current literature and existing data. We facilitated two meetings to elicit ideas and opinions of expert health care practitioners and family carers on how to define advanced dementia and how to recognise advanced dementia in practice. A managed democratic approach to the discussions was adopted based on the nominal group technique. What the commission found Advanced Dementia Dementia is caused by a progressive

neurological disease process such as Alzheimer Disease. Advanced dementia produces complex health & nursing care needs. People with advanced dementia do not currently have equality of access to the health care they need instead advanced dementia remains essentially a social care response. What the commission found Care charges People with advanced dementia are disproportionately subject to social care charges for what are primarily health & nursing care needs.

The current system of social care charges is complex, lacks transparency and is variable across Scotland. Current provisions for mitigating social care charges such as free personal care do not address the health care needs of people with advanced dementia nor do they equate to the actual cost of care. Defining Advanced Dementia Later stages of illness Complexity and severity of dementia-related changes in the brain lead to recognisable

symptoms Dependency and an escalation of health care needs and risks Advanced dementia involves living, sometimes for years, with advanced illness The advanced dementia continuum includes the terminal stages of death and dying. Defining the experience of Advanced Dementia Needs require expert health care, nursing and palliative care assessments together with insights provided by family carers and others

The experience of advanced dementia is unique to the individual Dependent on the aetiology of the underlying illness Comorbidities Other factors relating to health, personality, biography and socio-economics Estimating Prevalence of Advanced Dementia Care Homes 35 Percent of people estimated people who are resident in care homes Non residential care

6.9% of total numbers aged 65+ in receipt of non residential care. Paying for care Health Care (free at point of delivery) Social Care (subject to charges) Two separate charging frameworks Non residential care Residential Care

Non Residential Care Charging Sect 87 Social Work (Scot) Act 1968 makes provisions for local authorities to charge for social care Charges must be reasonably practical to pay Must not exceed the actual cost of providing the social care Free personal and Nursing Care Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA) Guidance 32 Local Authorities = 32 Charging policies Lack of transparency many variables

Care Homes National legal framework for charging [National Assistance (Assessment of Resources Regulations) (Scot) 1992] Charging for residential accommodation guidance (CRAG) These are national rules setting out how local authorities treat an individuals income and capital (including heritable property) in financial assessments Counted in full Fully Disregarded Partially Disregarded

Social Care Financial Assessment Processes Complex & lack transparency Happen at a time of anxiety and stress for many people Poor quality sometimes wrong information Lack of explanation

Take too long Resource allocation processes Mixed economy of care in Scotland NHS healthcare Local Authority services Voluntary sector providers Private sector providers Social Security Benefits (e.g. Attendance Allowance, Disability Living Allowance, Personal Independent Payment) Unpaid care

Estimated Costs to people with advanced dementia Residential (Care Homes) 350,034,536 cost to all people with dementia 122,619,188 (35% people with advanced dementia) 49m (40% portion of costs related to advanced dementia) Total estimated costs in care homes 49m (Non Residential) Total number of people aged 65+ is 160,020 paying 28m Number of recorded people with dementia = 11,180 (6.9%) 28.2m * 6.9% = 1.9m Total estimated costs in non residential care 1.9m

Total estimated costs 50.9m per year. Recommendations

That the Commission definition of advanced dementia is used and implemented in practice That advanced dementia is recognised as a continuum which includes, but is not confined to end of life and dying The Scottish Government commits to recognising that the needs of people with advanced dementia are health care needs and ensure equality of access to appropriate health and nursing care, which is free at the point of delivery The Scottish Government commits to investigating the costs of implementing appropriate and free health care for those living, and dying, with advanced dementia The Scottish Government, COSLA and Integration Joint Boards commit to ending the current lack of transparency, complexity and variability in current non-residential care charging provisions across Scotland

That the recording of dementia (including advanced dementia) prevalence across all health and social care settings is urgently required to support better understanding of demand, allocation of resources and improved care and support That all local authorities/health and social care partnerships make local charging policies accessible and readily available. Commission Members

Henry McLeish Chair of Fair Dementia Care Commission Prof Jo Armstrong - Economist and Researcher, Glasgow University Robert Bain Health Economics Data Intern, Alzheimer Scotland Joanna Boddy National Dementia Carers Action Network (NDCAN) member Amy Dalrymple Head of Policy, Alzheimer Scotland Myra Lamont NDCAN member and retired senior nurse (for initial

meetings) Owen Miller Policy Officer, Alzheimer Scotland Jim Pearson Director of Policy and Research, Alzheimer Scotland Dr Tom Russ Consultant Psychiatrist & Honorary Clinical Senior Lecturer, University of Edinburgh Prof Debbie Tolson Director of the Alzheimer Scotland Centre for Dementia Policy, University of the West of Scotland Kirsty Yanik Communications Manager, Alzheimer Scotland Fair Dementia Care Campaign

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