NS 1300 Emergence of Modern Scie The Rock

NS 1300 Emergence of Modern Scie The Rock

NS 1300 Emergence of Modern Scie The Rock Cycle The Rock Cycle Types of Rocks Igneous Intrusive Extrusive Pyroclastic

Sedimentary Chemical Precipitates and Evaporites Fossiliferous Clastic Sorted Unsorted

Metamorphic Foliated Unfoliated Distribution of Elements in the Solar System Elements in the Sun Carbonaceous Chondrites Elements in the Earths Core Elements in the Earths Mantle

Elements in the Earths Crust Elements in the Earths Hydrosphere and Atmosphere Minerals in Earths Crust Oxygen = 46.6 % Silicon = 27.7 % Aluminum = 8.1 % Iron = 5 % Calcium = 3.6 %

Potassium = 2.8 % Magnesium = 2.6 % All Others = 1.5 % Mineral Identification Mineral Classes Silicates Oxides Carbonates Sulfides

Sulphates Halides Phosphates Hydroxides Native Elements Using Mineral Properties to Identify Minerals Luster Color and Streak

Hardness Mohs Scale of Hardness Cleavage Specific Gravity Special Properties Rock Texture Random Crystalline

Texture Clastic Texture Foliated Texture Mineralogic Composition Igneous Minerals Sedimentary Minerals Metamorphism Recrystallization

Using Texture and Mineralogic Composition to Identify Rocks Igneous Rocks Intrusive Extrusive Pyroclastic Sedimentary Rocks Clastic

Nonclastic Metamorphic Rocks Foliated Unfoliated Igneous Rock Texture Phaneritic Coarse-Grained Medium-Grained

Fine-Grained Aphanitic Glassy Vesicular Pyroclastic Porphyritic Igneous Mineral

Composition Felsic Granite Rhyolite Mafic Basalt Gabbro Intermediate

Diorite Andesite Bowens Reaction Series Continuous Reaction Series Discontinuous Reaction Series

Using Texture and Mineralogic Characteristics to Identify Igneous Rocks Phaneritic Amount of Quartz Amount and Type of Feldspar Ferromagnesian Minerals Aphanitic Texture

Color Porphyritic Phenocrysts Sedimentary Rocks Sediment Formation Mechanical and Chemical Weathering

Sediment Transport Water, Ice, Wind and Gravity Sediment Deposition Environment of Deposition Environment of Deposition Non-marine

Terrigenous Lacustrine Marine Littoral Pelagic Transitional Clastic Sedimentary Rocks

Sorting Grain Size Boulders Pebbles Sand Silt Clay Rounding

Classification by Grain Size Unsorted Conglomerate Breccia Sorted Quartz Sandstone Arkose Graywacke

Siltstone Shale BioClastic Sedimentary Rocks Micritic Limestone Pelletal Limestone Oolitic Limestone Chalk Fossiliferous Limestone

Coquina Chemical Sedimentary Rocks Precipitates Limestone Dolomite Travertine Chert

Evaporites Gypsum Halite Other Compositions Siliceous Sedimentary Rocks Dolomite Coal Sedimentary Structures

CrossStratification Graded Bedding Ripple-Marks Mud Cracks Metamorphic Processes Recrystallization Crystallization Rotation

Metamorphic Mineral Composition Pelitic Shale to Slate to Phylite to Schist to Gneiss Arenaceous Granite to Schist to Gneiss Mafic Andesite to Schist to Gneiss

Calcareous Limestone to Marble Conditions of Metamorphism Contact Metamorphism Regional

Metamorphism Classification of Metamorphic Rocks Foliated Slate Phyllite Schist Gneiss

Unfoliated Marble Quartzite Rock Cycle redux Quiz 1. T or F, rocks are made of minerals. 2. T or F, igneous rocks are made of the weathered pieces of other

rocks. 3. T or F, a conglomerate is a sedimentary rock made up of various sized pieces. 4. T or F, marble is an example of a foliated metamorphic rock. 5. T or F, any type of rock can be converted into any other type of rock by various geologic processes.

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