Signs, Signals and Road Markings

Signs, Signals and Road Markings

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Part one: Strategies/Tactics and Rules Chapter 7 SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND ROADWAY MARKINGS Copyright 2005 Thomson Delmar Learning. Chapter Objectives

Traffic signs Traffic signals Roadway markings, lanes, and painted curbs Copyright 2005 Thomson Delmar Learning. Traffic Signs Regulatory signs Warning signs

Guide signs Construction signs Copyright 2005 Thomson Delmar Learning. Traffic Signs Service signs Recreational signs International signs Local traffic signs Copyright 2005 Thomson Delmar

Learning. Signs, Signals and Road Markings Signs, Signals and Road Markings Purpose: To become acquainted with the purpose and meaning of traffic signs, signals and road markings. Recognizing traffic signs Part one - Traffic Signs

Signs, Signals and Road Markings Purpose: To become acquainted with the purpose and meaning of traffic signs, signals and road markings. Recognizing traffic signs Traffic signs are devices placed along, beside, or above a highway, roadway, pathway, or other routes to guide, warn, and regulate the flow of traffic, including motor vehicles,

bicycles, pedestrians, equestrians, and other travelers. They serve 3 different purposes: (a) regulate traffic, movement, or parking (b) to warn of potential dangers or changes in road condition (c) to provide information and guidance Signs, Signals, and Road markings

Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. The shapes allows you to know if you are faced with a regulation, a warning, information or guidance and sometimes the specific meaning of the sign. Recognizing This eight-sided traffic signs octagon-shape is used exclusively for stop signs

The driver should immediately recognize that it means stop. STOP 4-WAY Some may have this small supplemental plate which indicates whether other traffic must also stop.

. . .Obviously after stopping You are to . . . Is it necessary to stop completely at a stop sign? If you want to pass your drivers license test it is! You will often fail at the exam station if you roll a stop sign! Signs, Signals, and Road markings Stopping Points

Most stops signs have designated stopping points. The front of the car. What part of your car must stop before the thick white limit line? STOP Why In case

pedestrians should and you are present. stop THINK there? Where is your stopping point at this intersection? With no white limit line, use the crosswalk lines.

Here, there are no white limit lines at the stop sign. Where is your stopping point? At the sidewalk. At a point where you can see, without getting into the intersection. At this stop sign there is no stop line or sidewalk. Where is your stopping point here?

Get in the habit of saying the signs to yourself as you see them. Any ideas on WHY this sign is placed here? The curve and tree is obscuring the stop sign. WHITE WHITE STOP STOP LINE

Where is the stop sign? same curve... How do you know? Let's review Can you identify the 4 stopping points in order? - Thick white limit line - Crosswalk lines

- Sidewalk - At a point where you can see without getting into the intersection. Thought question: Besides allowing for pedestrians to cross, what is another reason for stopping at the line? Always stop at the designated stopping point! Cars that overshoot their stopping point may

cause other drivers to become frightened. They may hit their brakes hard, causing a rear-end collision. Signs, Signals, and Road markings Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. The shapes allows you to know if you are faced with a regulation, a warning, information or guidance and sometimes the specific meaning of the sign. This shape is used exclusively for yield signs

The driver should immediately recognize that they are yield to other drivers or pedestrians. This may require slowing down and being ready to stop for other traffic including bicycles and pedestriansas they have the right of way. Again simply following the letter of the law

could save you a lot of pain and suffering. Sadly, 1000s of accidents are caused by drivers failing to yield. Failure to yield the right-of-way to others drivers is one of the top five causes of accidents in the U.S. SLOW SLOW DOWN AND BEGIN BEGIN CHECKING CHECKING AS

AS EARLY EARLY AS AS POSSIBLE. POSSIBLE. You may have to stop. What will you do as you approach this yield sign? Signs, Signals, and Road markings

Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. The shapes allows you to know if you are faced with a regulation, a warning, information or guidance and sometimes the specific meaning of the sign. This shape is used exclusively for Railroad Signs R R The driver should immediately recognize that a railroad crossing is ahead and be prepared to stop

if necessary. X This cross buck warns that the crossing is imminent. You need to be in the habit of slowing down and checking the tracks every time you cross them. Eventually youll drive in areas where

crossings do not have gates, bells and lights! When approaching a railroad crossing with no lights or gates and poor visibility (less than 400 feet) to either side, you must reduce you speed to to properly check the tracks enabling you to stop if necessary. Signs, Signals, and Road markings Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. The shapes allows you to know if you are faced with a regulation,

a warning, information or guidance and sometimes the specific meaning of the sign. This shape is used exclusively for No Passing Zone NO PASSING ZONE This type of sign is rare in some

states, but is used in others. Passing is not allowed. The hill prevent good visibility of the road ahead. Besides the solid yellow line on our side what is another reason passing is not Signs, Signals,

and Road markings Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. The shapes allows you to know if you are faced with a regulation, a warning, information or guidance and sometimes the specific meaning of the sign. This shape is used exclusively for Warning Signs The driver should immediately recognize that there is a potentially dangerous situation ahead.

Some examples would be intersections ahead, divided road ahead, merging traffic, winding road, and construction ahead. Flag person ahead What are you expecting ahead? Signs, Signals, and Road markings

Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. The shapes allows you to know if you are faced with a regulation, a warning, information or guidance and sometimes the specific meaning of the sign. This shape is used for regulatory signs The driver should immediately recognize that these signs mean a regulatory or warning action that you must obey.

Some examples would be carpool, speed limit, keep right, and parking signs. Lane change right Youve noticed this regulatory sign and are completing your left turn, what else must you quickly do up ahead? Signs, Signals, and Road markings

Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. The shapes allows you to know if you are faced with a regulation, a warning, information or guidance and sometimes the specific meaning of the sign. This shape is used for regulatory, warning, and guide signs Some examples would be do not enter, no parking and hospital. TURN RIGHT This sign means danger ahead

because you are going the wrong way. The WRONG WAY sign tells you that you are traveling the opposite the direction of traffic. You must stop and go back to the road you were originally on, when safe to do so. Theres no road to the left. After stopping, what must you do?

No hitchhiking Any idea what this regulatory sign means? Signs, Signals, and Road markings Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. This shape is found on slow-moving vehicles. Examples would be farm tractors, road maintenance vehicles and street sweepers.

This shape is used exclusively for slow-moving vehicles. Extra caution must be exercised as these vehicles can unexpectedly stop or turn into quickly into your pathway without warning. Extra caution must be exercised as these vehicles can unexpectedly stop or turn into quickly into your

pathway without warning. Signs, Signals, and Road markings Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. The shapes allows you to know if you are faced with a regulation, a warning, information or guidance and sometimes the specific meaning of the sign. This shape is also used for regulatory, warning, and guide signs

Rocky Mountain State Park Some examples would be recreational areas, destination signs, and rest areas. What are the three Ds of green color signs? Destination

Distance Direction Signs, Signals, and Road markings Traffic signs have shapes that denote specific meaning. The shapes allows you to know if you are faced with a regulation, a warning, information or guidance and sometimes the specific

meaning of the sign. These shapes are used for various route signs Their colors and shapes denote specific meanings Washington What state is this Georgia

Some state routes will take on a special shape or shape of the state. What state What type of route sign is this? County route (found primarily in rural areas)

Signs, Signals, and Road markings Before moving onquiz yourself on what was just covered A) RAILROAD B) DO NOT ENTER C) STOP D) WARNING

A) RAILROAD STOP B) DO NOT ENTER C) STOP D) WARNING A) YIELD

B) SLOW MOVING VEHICLE C) NO PASSING ZONE D) WARNING A) YIELD B) SLOW MOVING VEHICLE

C) NO PASSING ZONE D) WARNING A) Railroad B) Do not enter R C) Stop sign

D) Route sign A) Railroad B) Do not enter R R C) Stop sign

D) Route sign A) RAILROAD B) STOP C) DO NOT ENTER D) NO PASSING A) RAILROAD B) STOP C) DO NOT ENTER D) NO PASSING

A) Regulatory B) Warning C) Guidance D) Caution A) Regulatory B) Warning C) Guidance D) Caution

A) B) C) D) Hazard Curve to the right No passing zone Slow moving vehicle NO

PASSING ZONE A) B) C) D) Hazard Curve to the right No passing zone Slow moving vehicle

A) B) C) D) Warning School Zone Regulatory Railroad

A) B) C) D) Warning School Zone Regulatory Railroad A) regulatory

B) warning C) school D) yield A) regulatory B) warning C) school D) yield A) YIELD B) WARNING

C) HAZARD D) SLOW MOVING VEHICLE A) YIELD B) WARNING C) HAZARD D) SLOW MOVING VEHICLE A) County route

B) State route C) Interstate route D) US route A) County route B) State route C) Interstate route D) US route A) County route B) State route

C) Interstate route D) US route A) County route B) State route C) Interstate route D) US route Lets now continue with an understanding of the various colors used on the signs INTERSTATE

STOP 4-WAY RED COLOR SIGNS Red is used exclusively for STOP and Yield signs, Do not enter signs, wrong way signs, for symbols on certain regulatory signs and as part of Interstate and certain State route signs. DO NOT

WRONG WAY ENTER A red circle with a red line through it is also used to denote that something is not permitted. The picture inside the circle shows what you cannot do. No Parking signs must be obeyed

- $500 dollar fine for littering What 2 things is this regulatory sign telling you? Only travel in this direction ONE WAY

BLACK COLOR Black is used as a background for ONE WAY, night speed limits (in other states) and inspection station signs, and as a message color on signs with white, yellow, or orange backgrounds. WHITE COLOR White is used as a background for route markers, guide signs, and certain regulatory signs, and as message

color on signs with brown, green, blue, black, and red backgrounds. Rocky Mountain State Park ORANGE COLOR SIGNS Orange color signs are used as a background color

for construction and maintenance. YELLOW COLOR SIGNS Yellow signs are used as a background color for warning signs and some school signs. (except construction and maintenance signs)

GREEN COLOR SIGNS Green color signs are used as a background color for guide signs, mileposts, and street names, and as a message color on permissive regulation and parking signs. FREEWAY ENTRANCE

MILE Parking this exit 4 BROWN COLOR SIGNS

Brown color signs are used as a background color for guide and information signs that relate to points of recreational or cultural interest and Rocky Mountain State Park

What do these symbols mean? BLUE COLOR SIGNS Blue color signs are used as a background color for traveler services, information signs, Civil Defense Evacuation Route Markers and some

street name signs. REST AREA FLOURESCENT YELLOW-GREEN SIGNS FLOURESCENT YELLOW-GREEN SIGNS Fluorescent Yellow Green is also used as a background for

pedestrian, bicycle, and school warning signs. Signs, Shapes and Colors Quiz timehow much do you remember? 1)1) The eight-sided octagon shape is used exclusively for ______________. Stop signs

1)2) What part of your car must stop at the white limit line? __________________ The front of the car 1)3) This triangle shaped sign _________ signs. yield is used exclusively for 1)4) At this sign, drivers must be ready to ______to

yield other traffic as they will have the ____ right__ of ____. way 1)5) Round shaped signs are used exclusively for __________________ railroad crossing 6) This shape is used for ___ _____

no________ passing zone 1)7) This diamond shape sign is used for _________ warning It is colored ______for general warnings and yellow _______for construction orange

8) This vertical rectangle is used for _________signs. The three most used colors on these signs: red black white ____________________________ regulatory 1 9) Green shaped signs like this are

It - It destination used as ______________signs. 10) This route sign is often found in more than one state. This sign is a __________ route. US Highway a possible quick lane change in front o 1) 11) This sign is also frequently seen crossing

state borders. This sign is an _____________route. Interstate 1) 12) This is a _____________ sign. do not enter 1 13) This shape always means ___________. school 14) Four regulatory signs that have red in them: _____________________________________

Yield Do not enter No left turn (et Stop sign parks and recreation areas 15) Brown color signs designate: ______________ motorist services 16) Blue color signs indicate: _____________ 1) 17) The newer school signs are what color? ____________ fluorescent green

18) This sign would be ______ color. orange 19) This sign (with a picture inside) means: _________ prohibited

20) As you travel about the country, you may see a sign like this with a number in it. This is an example of a ______ route. state Signs, Shapes and Colors Drivers Edge: Interactive slides and videos Driver Education School Literature Copyright 2005 InterActive Enterprises Inc.

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