Revolution and Nationalism - Dearborn Public Schools
Bell Work Wednesday 4/17 Look in your book beginning on page 867 to find the answers 1. How did WWI help bring about the Russian Revolution? 2. What groups made up the Red Army and the White Army? 3. Why did the Bolsheviks rename their party the Communist Party?
Revolution and Nationalism Chapter 30 Sections 1 and 2 Section 1-Revolutions in Russia Czars Resist Change Alexander III Imposed harsh measures on Russian
citizens which included Censorship on written documents and published materials Secret police sent to watch schools Teachers had to send detailed reports on each student Sent political prisoners to Siberia Made Russian the official language Made Jews the source of persecution
Russia Industrializes Rapid industrialization changed the face of Russias economy The number of factories doubled between 1863 and 1900 By 1900 Russia was the 4th largest steel producing country The Trans-Siberian RailwayLocated in Russia its considered
the worlds longest continuous rail line Russia Industrializes The Revolutionary Movement Grows Proletariat-Revolutionary term meaning that the workers would rule the country Marxist revolutionaries believed that the industrial class could overthrow the Russian government
1903-Marxists split into groups Mensheviks-Moderate group of Marxists Bolsheviks-Radical group willing to give everything for change Crises at Home and Abroad Bloody Sunday: The Revolution of 1905 Jan 22nd, 1905 200,000 workers and their families approached the Czars
winter palace They had a petition asking for: Better working conditions, more political freedoms and elected national legislature Soldiers fired upon the crowd killing about a thousand and injuring hundreds The March Revolution Soviets-Local councils
consisting of workers, peasants and soldiers who held more political power in some cities than the actual provisional government. The Bolshevik Revolution Civil War Rages in Russia-1918-1920
The Bolsheviks faced the challenge of defeating their enemies at home Red Army vs. White Army Red Army-Made up of the Bolsheviks and Lenins supporters White Army-Made up of different groups who either wanted to return to rule under the czar, form a democratic government or just simply hated Lenins policies
The Bolshevik Revolution Effects of the Russian Civil War Nearly 14 million Russians died from the war and famine The Red Army defeated all its opponents Russia became a statecontrolled society Lenin Restores Order
Lenins New Economic Policies New Economic Policy (NEP) Small-scale version of capitalism Allowed peasants to sell their surplus goods instead of giving them to the gov. The gov. kept control of major industries, banks and communication but allowed small businesses and farms operate under private ownership Communist Party-The Bolsheviks
renamed their party this after becoming inspired by the writings of Karl Marx Lenin on Display Stalin Becomes Dictator Joseph Stalin Gained complete control of the Communist Party by 1928 Described as a cold, hard, and impersonal.
Took the name Stalin which means Man of Steel Stalin removed everyone he saw as a threat to his power including Leon Trotsky who was exiled in 1929 Chapter 30 Section 1 Terms
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