Presentation for Workshop on Water Accounting Santo Domingo ...
Tobago UN Workshop on Water Accounting Santo Domingo 16 -18 July 2007 Central Statistical Office Presented by Satee Boodoo 1 Source:UWI***************************** ***** MACRO ECONOMIC INDICATORS Population 1.3 million 2006 Projections Nominal GDP 18.2 Billion US $ Real GDP Growth Unemployment Rate 12.0% 6.2% Exchange Rate 6.28 to 1 US $
Trinidad & Tobago - Macro Economic Variables 13.00 11.00 9.00 7.00 5.00 3.00 2000 2001 Inflation 2002 2003 2004 Rate of Exchange US $ to TT$ 2005 2006 Unemployment
Watersheds in Trinidad Watersheds in Tobago Rainfall Patterns in Trinidad and Tobago 400 350 300 Piarco Rainfall (Millim etres) 250 Hollis 200 Navet 150 100 50 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Maracas Beach Trinidad Competing Consuming Demands in 2000 Trinidad Domestic Tobago
37 % Major Industrial 16 % Minor Industrial 3% Agriculture 3% UFW 41 % Domestic Major Industrial Minor Industrial Agriculture UFW Latin America & Caribbean 64 % none
2% none 34 % Domestic Industry 19 % 10.3 % Not available Agriculture Not available 70.7 % Institutions Involved in Water Management 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Ministries Finance Health Public Utilities
Works and Transport Agriculture - Land & Water, Forestry, Fisheries, Extension Planning and Development Energy National Security 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Others Environmental Management Authority Municipal Corporations Tobago House of Assembly Water Resources Agency WASA Recommended Allocation of WRM Functions -1992 WR Policy and Strategy
WR Development and Distribution Demand Management WR Assessment Water Demand Analysis (Efficient Use) Recommendations Legislation and Enforcement Conservation (WR Sustainability) Pricing Master Planning Of And Allocation Water Value Added of Water Supply Industry in Trinidad and Tobago CURRENT - $000 TT
2006 111,019.6 2006 189,501.5 GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON WASA IN TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO ITEM DESCRIPTION 2003 Actual 2004 Actual 2005 Actual 2006 Revised Estimates 2007 Estimate Personnel Expenditure 280,399,108
304,626,319 606,259,569 693,933,025 907,657,270 1,020,506,765 1,154,022,411 1,531,369,489 1,735,667,968 1,861,902,270 Minor Equip Services Current Transfers and Subsidies TOTAL Basic Water Statistics in 2005 (mio m3 / year) Renewable Freshwater Resources
Precipitation Water Use Balance 12,084 Actual Evapotranspiration 8,016 Internal Flow 4,067 Renewable Freshwater resources 4,067 Gross Freshwater Abstracted = Net Freshwater Abstracted: 345 Leakage during transport 196 FRESHWATER ABSTRACTION - 2005
Gross Freshwater abstracted 345 Water abstracted by water supply industry 324 Abstracted by: Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 4 Manufacturing Industries 16 Gross Fresh Surface water abstracted 249 Surface water abstracted by water supply industry 234 Direct Surface water abstraction by: Agric, Forestry and Fishing 3 Manufacturing Industries 12
Gross Fresh groundwater abstracted 96 Groundwater abstraction by water supply industry 90 Direct groundwater abstraction by: Agric, Forestry and Fishing Manufacturing Industries 1 4 Water Supply Industry 2005 (mio m3 / year) Gross Freshwater delivered by Supply Industry 354 Freshwater losses during transport 196 Net Freshwater delivered by water supply Industry of which:
Households Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Manufacturing 179 5 36 Total Water Use 2005 (mio m3 / year) Total Freshwater Use of which used by: 179 Households 155 Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 10 Manufacturing 53 1978 1975
1972 1965 1950 1935 1920 Year 2002 1999 1996 1993 1990 1987 1984 1981 Production(10 6 m 3)
Water Production in Trinidad 1920-2002 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Production ( 106 m3) Annual Water Production in Tobago : 1971 - 2001 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Annual Surface Water and Groundwater Production Trinidad : 1971-2001 250 6 m 3)
300 Production (10 200 Surface Water 150 100 Groundwater 50 0 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 Year Production (106 m3) Annual Surface Water and Groundwater Production Tobago 19712001 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
1 0 Year Surface Water Groundwater Major Flooding in T&T YEAR OF FLOODS MONTHS (#Times) AREAS AFFECTED in T &T 1990 December 5 Local Communities 1991 August Caroni 1992 July
Central, South Trinidad 1993 Aug, Sept, Nov(2) 7 L.C., SW Trin., C,E / W Corridor 1994 November 3 L.C., Tobago 1998 May, June(2) 2 L.C., Central, South 2000 March, Nov, Dec Central, South, North Trinidad 2001 December Central, South, NE Trinidad 2002
Sept(2), Nov(2) Central, South, North Trinidad 2003 June,July(2) August(2), Sept(5), Oct(3), Nov(4), Dec(2) Central, S, SE Trin, SW Tobago 2004 April, May (2),June, July, Aug(3), Sept, Oct(3) Nov(6), Dec(2) Central, South, North, North West L.C.- Local Communities S-South, W-West, N North, EEast E/W East West Corridor Major Pollutants in T and Ts Water System EMA 1998 Pollutant BOD % Contribution
>1% Pollution Source Municipal waste treatment, livestock rearing N 9% Municipal waste treatment, livestock rearing, manufacturing of petrochemcials P 18% Livestock rearing, municipal waste treatment, manufacturing of beverages and petrochemicals, petroleum refining, hospitality industry Oil and Grease 35% Oil and fats production, petroleum refining, petrochemical manufacturing, municipal waste treatment TSS 38%
Municipal waste treatment, livestock rearing, beverage manufacturing , petroleum refining Physio-Chemical Surface Water Quality in Trinidad Agri Commercial/ Industrial/Residential Swamp /Reservoir Grassland Forest Disturbed natural ecosystem Pitch Lake Clean Perturbed Polluted Water Intake or Extraction point Town Roads Heavy Metals in Surface Waters of Rivers in Trinidad Agriculture Commercial/Industrial/Residential Swamp /Reservoir Grassland Forest Disturbed natural ecosystem Pitch Lake
Clean Perturbed Polluted Water Intake or Extraction point Town Roads Heavy Metals in the Sediments Agriculture Commercial/Industrial/Residential Swamp /Reservoir Grassland Forest Disturbed natural ecosystem Pitch Lake Clean Perturbed Polluted Water Intake or Extraction point Town Roads of Rivers of Trinidad AREA OF CONCERN Source: An Assessment of the Vulnerability of Trinidad to Oil and hazardous Substance Spills
using an Environmental Vulnerability Index.-Austin J.G.M.S.c Thesis, University of the West Indies 2001 NAME of SITE RANK C Guapo Bay:Bleed Water from Crude Oil Tanks x Point Fortin Main Storage x Point Ligoure Main Storage(1km River from Disposal Pit to the Sea) of Trinmar x Central Los Bajos x Palo Seco and Central Los Bajos Oilfields x
Forest Reserve Main Storage x Forest Reserve Main Storage and Forest Reserve Berstein Storage-Cocoa Catch in the Silver Stream x Source:UWI******************** ************** RANK B RANK A 26 Water Laws in Trinidad and Tobago
Section 18 (I) of the Waterworks and Water Conservation Act Chap. 54:41 ( Rev. 1980) Prohibits pollution of watercourses Pollution generally of rivers Prohibits pollution of waters Sections 60F, G, H, I of the Public Health Ordinance Chap. 12:04 (Rev. 1980) Provision for the protection of the public from polluted water Water pollution regulations for the petroleum industry Section 29(1)(1) of the Petroleum Act Chap. 62:01 (Rev. 1980)
Section 73 of the Summary Offence Act Chap. 11:02 (Rev. 1980) Section 53 of the Water and Sewerage Act Chap. 54:40 (Rev. 1980) Environmental Management Act (2000) Sections 52-54 Draft Water Pollution Rules 2001 Authority to establish legal regime for management of water pollution. Sets our regime for dealing with water pollution Establishes the regime for dealing with water pollution. GDP by Sub Industry at Current Prices $ TT Millions $114,000 $104,000 $94,000 $84,000 $74,000 $64,000 $54,000
$44,000 $34,000 $24,000 $14,000 $4,000 2000 2001 Petroleum Industry 2002 2003 Services Sector 2004 2005 Others 2006proj Total Real GDP by Sub - Industry ($TT Millions) $81,000 $71,000 $61,000 $51,000 $41,000
$31,000 $21,000 $11,000 $1,000 2000 2001 Petroleum Industry 2002 2003 Services Sector 2004 2005 Others 2006 proj Total WASA / Canadian Consult. started on 18th April, 2007 Some Goals: 1. Develop a Draft water supply and wastewater policy. 2. Forecast water demands and flows for residential, industrial, agricultural and institutional components. 3. Investigate and document operational and institutional issues and system deficiencies.
4. Evaluate non-conventional water supply sources reclaimed wastewater effluents, desalination, treated wastewater effluent. 5. Incorporate linkages to other relevant studies e.g. Engineers Report, Maintenance Management System, Organizational Update, Asset and Data Management, National Physical Development Plan. 6. Incorporate the requirements of the RIC and EMA. 7. Provide a high level assessment of Municipalities water and wastewater infrastructure assets. 8. Reviewing supply / treatment redundancy in the water and wastewater treatment facilities and water distribution and wastewater collection. 9. Recommend a 10 year capital program of term visions for both water and wastewater systems. 10. Incorporating the engineering outputs into a financial analysis for evaluation of the fiscal impacts of the developed 10 yr capital program. 30 Sources of Information Central Statistical Office National Income, Economic Statistics, CSSP, Environmental Stakeholders Meetings Water and Sewage Authority; Public Consultation meeting
Water Resources Agency FAO WATER at a glance Meteorological Office T &T University of the West Indies, St Augustine, M.Sc Thesis, CLEAR maps International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria; Integrated Water Resource Management in T&T, Sharda Maharaj EMA-Pollutant Inventory Study, Legal Department Report of the Sub-Committee on the EnvironmentMinistry of Planning and Development Atlantic LNG Photo on Slide 1 Photos: Satee Boodoo June 2007 Slides 7, Slide 22 31 THE END YOU NEVER MISS THE WATER TILL THE WELL RUNS DRY Source: Old English Proverb 32
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