งานนำเสนอ PowerPoint

งานนำเสนอ PowerPoint

1 24 2555 08.30-16.30 . 2 2 o o Urban Mining o 3 Urban Mining

(Urban Urban mining): 15 19-25 Waste Flow Raw Materi als Resourc e Manage ment Production Product s Processes Waste & Pollution Waste Exchange Waste Network EcoDesign EcoEfficiency EcoIndustry

Estate o o o o o o o USA: Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) : Resource Conservation and Recovery(RCRA ) EU :European Waste Code - Hazardous Waste List (EWC-HWL) Australia Singapore China Thailand 6 Resource Conservation and Recovery (RCRA) Listed Wastes, which appear on one of the four hazardous wastes lists established by EPA regulations: The F-list (non-specific source wastes), which can be found in the regulations at 40 CFR 261.31. The K-list (source-specific wastes), which can be found in the regulations at 40 CFR 261.32. The P-list and the U-list (discarded commercial chemical products), which can be found in the regulations at 40 CFR 261.33. Characteristic wastes, which exhibit one or more of four characteristics defined in 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart C: Ignitability, as described in 40 CFR 261.21. Corrosivity, as described in 40 CFR 261.22. Reactivity, as described in 40 CFR 261.23. Toxicity, as described in 40 CFR 261.24.

@copyright 2012 7 European Waste Code - Hazardous Waste List (EWCHWL) 06 06 01 06 07 06 01 01 @copyright 2012 06 07 (Urban Wastes from inorganic chemical process) (Urban Wastes from the manufacture, formation, supply and use (Urban MFSU) of acid) (Urban Wastes from the manufacture, formation, supply and use (Urban MFSU) of bases) H (Urban Sulphuric A acid acid sulphurous acid) : HA : Hazardous waste Absolute entry HM : HA : Hazardous waste Absolute entry HA : Hazardous waste Absolute entry HM : HM : H Hazardous waste Mirror entry 8 European Waste Code - Hazardous Waste List (EWC-HWL)

Explosive Oxidizing Extremely flammable Highly flammable Flammable Irritant Harmful Very toxic Toxic Carcinogenic Corrosive Toxic for reproduction Mutagenic Dangerous for the environment Sensitizing @copyright 2012 (R phrases) R2, R3 R7, R8, R9 R12 R11, R15, R17 R10 R36, R37, R38, R41 R20, R21, R22, R48/+, R68/+ R65 R26, R27, R28, R39/+ R23, R24, R25, R39/+, R48/+ R45, R49, R40 R34, R35 R60, R61, R62, R63 R46, R68 R50, R51, R52, R53,R54, R55, R56, R57,R58, R59 R42, R43

(Hazard properties) H1 H2 H3A H3A H3B H4 H5 H6 H6 H7 H8 H10 H11 H14 - 9 Australia Waste description Cyanide Cyanide containing wastes. Acids Acids in a solid form or acidic solutions with pH value of 4 or less Alkaline waste Alkaline solids or alkaline solutions with pH value of 9 or more. Includes, but is not limited to: caustic soda, alkaline cleaners, and waste lime. Inorganic chemicals Metal carbonyls.

@copyright 2012 Waste form Waste code UN number Hazard properties L P S A100 1935 1935 1588 or 2811 6.1 6.1 6.1 L P S B100 * *

* 8 8 8 L P S C100 * * * 8 8 8 L P S D100 3281 3281 3281 6.1 6.1 6.1

10 Australia Textile, leather, clothing and footwear manufacturing Wool scouring Natural textile manufacturing Synthetic textile manufacturing Leather tanning, fur dressing and leather product manufacturing Textile finishing and other textile product manufacturing Wood and paper product manufacturing Timber resawing and dressing Wood product manufacturing, NOS Pulp, paper and paperboard manufacturing Converted paper product manufacturing @copyright 2012 (Waste origin code) 1311 1312 1313 1320 1334 1410 1490 1510 1520 11 Australia /

(Chemical contaminants) (Extraction and/or analytical methods) Metals, including: NEPM methods 201, 202, 203 - antimony USEPA methods 3051A, 3050B, 6010C, arsenic 6020A, 200.7, 200.8 APHA methods 3110 to - barium - beryllium 3125 - boron - cadmium - copper - lead - nickel - selenium - silver - zinc Metal, mercury NEPM method 203, USEPA methods 3051A, 7471B, 6020A Metal, Hexavalent USEPA method 3060A chromium @copyright 2012 12 Singapore Acids 1. Spent inorganic acids. (Hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, boric acid and pickling acid) 2. Spent organic acids. (Acetic acid, formic acid, benzoic acid and sulphonic acid) Alkali

1. Spent alkaline solutions 2. Spent ammoniacal solutions 3. Metal hydroxide sludges and oxide sludges Asbesto 1. Asbestos wastes from asbestos/cement s manufacturing processes 2. Empty sacks/bags which have contained loose asbestos fiber 3. Asbestos wastes generated from industrial activity, demolition, renovation and delagging @copyright 2012works and ship repairing (Prescribed quantity for transportation per trip) 250 l 250 l 250 l 250 l 300 kg 300 kg 300 kg 500 kg 13 the Peoples Republic of China 1 (Urban Catalogue of Solid Wastes Forbidden to Import in China) 2 (Urban Catalogue of Solid waste Restricted Import solid wastes that can be used as Raw Material in

China) 3 (Urban Catalogue of Automatic-Licensing Import Solid waste that can be used as Raw Material in China) @copyright 2012 14 Catalogue of Solid Wastes Forbidden to Import in China No. I. 1 2 3 4 5 Customs Waste Name (Customs Commodity H.S Code Name) Waste animal and plant products 0501000000 Unprocessed human hair, no matter washed or not; wasted human hair 0502103000 Bristles and wasted bristles 0502902090 Other badger hair and other wasted animal hair used for making brushes 0505901000 Powder and waste of feathers or parts of feathers 0506901110 Waste of bones, containing composition of ox, sheep or goat (unworked, defatted,

simply prepared) 6 0506901910 7 0507100090 29 2710990000 @copyright 2012 Wastes of bones (unworked, defatted, simply prepared) Ivory and powder or waste there of other animals Other, of waste oils Brief Name Other Stipulation & Remark Wasted human hair Wasted bristles Wasted animal hair Waste of feathers Waste of bones, containing composition of ox, sheep or goat Wastes of bones Waste of ivory

Other, of waste oils Including coal tar not measuring up to Standard YB/T 5075 15 .. 2535 .. .. 2535 .. 2548 (Urban 19 ) 6 16 @copyright 2012 .. 2548 1 o o

o @copyright 2012 17 ( 19 ) 6 2 2 2 XX XX XX 19

@copyright 2012 18 6 1. 2. 3. 4. 5 @copyright 2012 (1) 01 12 (2) 17 19 6 2 99 (1) (2) 13 15 16 6 16 2 99 6 HA (Hazardous waste Absolute entry) HM (Hazardous waste Mirror entry) 2 6 HM (Hazardous waste Mirror entry)

2 19 A. (Urban ignitable Substances) B. (Urban Corrosive substances) C. (Urban Reactive substances) D. (Urban Toxic substances) E. 20 A. (Urban ignitable Substances) Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester 1.1 (Flash point) 60 24 % 1.2 ( 1 0 1.3 (Ignitable

compressed gas) ) (Absolute pressure) 2.81 21 7.31 55 1.4 (Oxidizer) chlorate permanganate inorganic peroxide nitrate (Urban ig nit abl e Su bst an ces ) @copyright 2012 ASTM Standard D-93-79 ASTM Standard

D-93-80 Setaflash Closed Cup Tester ASTM Standard D-3278-78 ASTM D-323 21 B. (Urban Corrosive substances) (Urban Aqueous solution) (Urban pH) 2 (Urban pH) 12.5 SAE 1020 6.35 55 (Urban Co rros ive sub sta nce s) @copyright 2012

pH-meter USEPA Method 9040 NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers) Standard TM01-69 22 C. (Reactive substances) (pH) 2 11.5

( 1 0 ) 23 @copyright 2012 (Reac tive subst ances ) D. (Toxic substances) 1 2A 2B International Agency for Research on Cancer Acute oral LD50 2,500 (Rat) Acute inhalation LC50 10,000

acute dermal LD50 4,300 Acute aquatic 96-hour LC50 500 ( 40-48 ) fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) golden shiners (Notemigonus crysoleucas) (Toxic substa nces) 0.001% @copyright 2012 24

D. (Toxic substances) @copyright 2012 2-Acetylaminofluorene (Urban 2AAF) Acrylonitrile 4-Aminodiphenyl Benzidine and its salts bis (Urban Chloromethyl) ether (Urban Methyl B CME) chloromethyl ether 1,2-Dibromo-33,3'-Dichlorobenzidine 4chloropropane (Urban DBCP) and its salts (Urban DCB) Dimethylaminoazobenzen Ethyleneimine (Urban EL) alpha-Naphthylamine (Urban 1e (Urban DAB) beta-Naphthylamine (Urban 2NA) NA) 4-Nitrobiphenyl

(Urban 4-NBP) N-Nitrosodimethylamine (Urban beta-Propiolactone DMN) (Urban BPL) Vinyl chloride (Urban VCM) 26 F. HM 2 XX XX 99 Waste Extraction Test (WET) TTLC STLC (Hazardous

Waste) (Hazardous Waste) Waste (NonExtraction Test (WET) Hazardous Waste) @copyright 2012 27 F. Parameters /(Silver and/or silver compounds) /(Thallium and/or thallium compounds) /(Vanadium and/ or vanadium compounds) /(Zinc and/or zinc compounds) (Aldrin) (Chlordane) (DDT, DDE, DDD) 2,4- (2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) (Dieldrin) (Dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD)) (Endrin)

(Heptachlor) (Kepone) (Lead compounds, organic) (Lindane) (Methoxychlor) (Mirex) (Pentachlorophenol) (Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)) 2012 @copyright Total Threshold Limit Concentration (TTLC) (mg/Kg) 500 Soluble Threshold Limit Concentration (STLC) (mg/L) 5 700 7.0 2,400 24 5,000 250 1.4

2.5 1.0 100 8.0 0.01 0.2 4.7 21 13 0.14 0.25 0.1 10 0.8 0.001 0.02 0.47 2.1 - 4.0 100 21 17 50 0.4 10 2.1 1.7 5.0 28 F. Parameters

/ Antimony and/or antimony compounds / Arsenic and/or arsenic compounds (Asbestos) / ( ) (Barium and/or barium compounds (excluding barite and barium sulfate) / (Beryllium and/or beryllium compounds) / (Cadmium and/or cadmium compounds) (Chromium (VI) compounds) / (Chromium and/or chromium (III) compounds) / (Cobalt and/or cobalt compounds) / (Copper and/or copper compounds) (Fluoride salts) / (Lead and/or lead @copyright 2012 compounds) Total Threshold Limit Concentration (TTLC) (mg/Kg) 500 Soluble Threshold Limit Concentration (STLC) (mg/L)

- 500 5.0 1% 10,000 100 75 0.75 100 1.0 500 5 2,500 5 8,000 80 2,500 25 18,000 1,000

180 5.0 29 H4 Heavy Metals As Cd Cr (VI) Cu Hg Ni Pb Sb Se Sn4 Tl Zn Concentrati on Limit in % R41 X1 X1 H5 R36 R37

R38 X X1 X1 X1 very toxic x X X X1 X X X X X1 X >10 @copyright 2012 H6 X1 >20 >25 H7 toxi c

X X X Cat. 1/2 H8 Cat. 3 X+ X1 X X X2 X1 H10 R35 R34 Cat. 3 Cat. 1/2 H14 Cat. 3 X1 X7

X1 X X1 X1 X+ X1+ X2 x X+ X3,+ X1 X1 X X1+ X1 X6 X1 X X >0. 1 Cat. 1/2

H11 X1 R50 R51 R52 R53 X X X X1 X X1 X X3 X1 X1 R51 R52 R53 R52 R53 R59 x X X X5 X

>3 l>0.1 l>1 X1 >1 >5 l>0.5 l>5 l>0.1 X1,+ + x l>1 >0.25 >2.5 >2.5 >2.5 30 Australian Standard Leaching Procedure as specified in Australian Standards, ASLP

A (Categories A) Contaminants Industrial Categories C Categories B waste ASLP TC ASLP TC ASLP TC (mg/l) (mg/kg) (mg/l) (mg/kg) (mg/l) (mg/kg) Inorganic species Antimony 1 75 2 75 8 300 Arsenic 0.35 500 0.7 500 2.8 2,000 Barium 35 6,250 70

6,250 280 25,000 0.5 100 1 100 4 400 Beryllium Boron 15 15,000 30 15,000 120 60,000 0.1 100 0.2 100 0.8 400 Cadmium Chromium (VI) 2.5 500 5 500 20 2,000 Copper 100 5,000 200

5,000 800 20,000 Lead 0.5 1,500 1 1,500 4 6,000 B (Urban Categories B) Mercury 0.05 75 0.1 75 0.4 300 Molybdenum 2.5 1,000 5 1,000 20 4,000 Nickel 1 3,000 2 3,000 8 12,000 Selenium 0.5 50 1

50 4 200 Silver 5 180 10 180 40 720 Tributyltin 0.05 2.5 0.1 2.5 0.4 10 oxide Zinc 150 35,000 300 35,000 1,200 140,000 EPA C (Urban Categories C) : The Environment Protection Agency; Victoria (2011) 31 @copyright 2012 o

o o o o o o /

/ / (Outputs) / 1 / 500 1,000

1 / 100 / / 85 1 1 .. 2 2 .. 3 . 4 . 1

(Urban Inception Report) 5 (Urban Progress Report) 5 (Urban Final Report) 20 (Urban ) 3 6 9 12 15 18 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 30 30

/ 90 (Urban Focus Group) 30 20 1. / 1.1

1.2 2. / 3. (Urban Specification) / / A 1: 3Rs 2 : 3:

/ B 1: 2 / C 2: 3Rs 3 : 4: / D

2) / 43 3) 500 500 4) 1

50 5.) o o 47 48 1 - 2

3 4 5 () ( ) 6 7 ( ) PET ( , , , , ) HDPE ( , , , , ) PVC ( , 8 9 10

13 PS ( CD, , , , ) EPS ( , ) (, , ) ( , , ) / ( ) ( ) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 26

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 ( ) ( ) ( , , ) ( , ) Electronic Waste 39 40 41 42 43 44

45 46 47 48 49 50 51 CRT LCD LED Plasma , ( game player, mp3 player) (Notebook, Net book, PC) Tablet , / Electronic Waste 52 53 54 55 56

57 58 59 60 61 62 ( ) ( AA, AAA) - ( ) - (Ni-Cd) 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70

71 (Hydrotreated, heavy naphthenic (64742-52-5)) (Hydrotreated, heavy paraffinic (64742-54-7)) (Hydrotreated, light naphthenic (64742-53-6)) (Hydrotreated, light paraffinic (64742-55-8)) (Solvent-dewaxed (64742-627)) 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87

Plastic scrap (PP) Glass wool PVC PE PP Mix solvent (Thinner) Acid waste waste organic washing liquid 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

Degreasing Coolant oil (Hydoocut 8325) 200 Waste oil scum Mold sand Glass cullet 101 102 103 104 105 106 waste water treatment sludge compound()

. T: 022183956 M: 0814559858 F: 022192251 E-mail: [email protected] 58

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