SS5H4 U.S. Involvement in World War I &

SS5H4 U.S. Involvement in World War I &

SS5H4 U.S. Involvement in World War I & Post-War America 2014 Brain Wrinkles SS5H4a World War I

2014 Brain Wrinkles World War I World War I began in 1914 with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. The murderer was a Bosnian terrorist. The archdukes murder caused AustriaHungary to declare war on Serbia. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Archduke Franz Ferdinand with his Wife, Sophie, and 3 Children

1910 2014 Brain Wrinkles Alliances Military alliances made the conflict grow larger. Russia came to Serbias aid.

Germany declared war on Russia and France. Great Britain came to the aid of France by declaring war on Germany.

The Ottoman Empire entered the war a few months later. Italy entered the war in 1915. 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles Alliances

Allies Serbia Russia France Belgium Great Britain Italy 2014 Brain Wrinkles Central Powers Austria-Hungary Germany

Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Isolationism The US stayed out of the war at first. President Woodrow Wilson thought that the US should remain neutral and that

isolationism was the best option for the country. However, the US did have a little involvement. US merchant ships were sending food to 2014 Brain Wrinkles U.S. President

Woodrow Wilson 2014 Brain Wrinkles Lusitania Things changed when Germany began using its submarines to sink ships in the Atlantic Ocean.

In May 1915, a German U-boat sank the British passenger liner Lusitania. 1,198 people died, including 128 Americans. This angered many Americans and it went 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Lusitania 1907 2014 Brain Wrinkles Sinking Ships Germany continued to sink ships because they were trying to keep supplies from reaching Great Britain.

Americans sympathized with the Allies and were concerned about the safety of US ships. The last straw was when several US ships were sunk in February and March 1917. 2014 Brain Wrinkles German U-boat

1910 2014 Brain Wrinkles US Enters War On April 6, 1917, the United States entered the was as an ally of Great Britain and France and declared war on Germany.

The US military drafted 4 million men and was sending thousands to Europe every day. The US Navy sent supplies, Marines, and battleships to fight the Central Powers in Europe. 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Young Men in NYC Registering for the Army 1917 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles WWI Ends

Americas entry into the war gave the Allies the extra power they needed to defeat the Central Powers. In 1918, American troops fought the final battles of WWI.

In November 11, 1918, the Central Powers surrendered to the Allies. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Celebrating the End of WWI 2014 Brain Wrinkles Treaty of Versailles

In June 1919, leaders from countries involved in the war met in a French palace called Versailles to write a treaty for WWI. The treaty outlined the terms of the winners and what they expected of the losing countries.

The Allied Powers dictated the treaty to Germanyit did not have a say in the terms. 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles Treaty of Versailles (English Version) June 28th, 1919

2014 Brain Wrinkles Reparations Germany had to pay $33 billion in reparations to the allies. Paying these reparations was nearly impossible because the war had left

Germanys economy bankrupt. 2014 Brain Wrinkles German Trains Loaded with Cargo to Make Reparation Payments 2014 Brain Wrinkles Land

The Allies redrew the map of Europe. The treaty took one million square miles of land from Germany. Germany also lost its colonies.

New countries were created from some of this land. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Germany After Versailles 2014 Brain Wrinkles Military

Germany had to disarm its military. The army was cut to just 100,000 men and the navy could only have 6 battleships. They were not allowed to make any new

planes, tanks, or submarines. Germany could not make or export any new weapons. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Government

Germanys government had to accept the blame for the war. The Allies put a new government in place, but the citizens didnt support it. The people were unhappy and protested against the government because economic

conditions were not improving. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Germans Protesting the Treaty of Versailles 2014 Brain Wrinkles Depression World War I had left Germanys economy in ruins.

The war, along with the Treaty of Versailles, caused Germany to go through an economic depression. People lost their jobs and could not find new ones.

2014 Brain Wrinkles By 1923, German money had lost so much value that it was used as kites, wallpaper, and to start fires. 2014 Brain Wrinkles What Next?

People who could not find jobs joined the Communist and National Socialist parties. The National Socialist Partys leader, Adolf Hitler, was gaining more and more power. Many Germans were also still mad at the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Some began calling for revenge 2014 Brain Wrinkles Excerpt from a Germany Newspaper on the Day the Treaty of Versailles was Signed:

Today in the Hall of Mirrors of Versailles the disgraceful Treaty is being signed. Do not forget it. The German people will press forward to reconquer the place among nations to which we deserve. Then will come revenge for the shame of 1919. 2014 Brain Wrinkles SS5H4b

Post-War America 2014 Brain Wrinkles Good Times Many Americans were shocked by the horrors of World War I.

They decided to change their way of life in the 1920s. Most wanted to live for the present and enjoy life before something bad happened again. Americans had more leisure time to do what they enjoyed. 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Baseball Organized sports became more popular. Americans loved baseball and baseball players became national heroes.

People followed every move of Babe Ruth, the greatest baseball player in the 1920s. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Polo Grounds, NYC 1923 2014 Brain Wrinkles Babe Ruth

Babe Ruth was very talented and he made the game exciting. In his 15 seasons with the NY Yankees, the team won 4 World Series championships, and Ruth set many hitting records. Many people loved to listen to games on their new radios, and baseball became the most popular sport during the 1920s. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Babe Ruth in a Yankees Uniform

1920 2014 Brain Wrinkles Jazz Age The 1920s in America were known as the Jazz Age, or the Roaring Twenties. Americans enjoyed baseball, dancing, listening to the radio, and fun new music called jazz. Jazz music developed among African Americans in the South, and quickly became

popular all over the US. Its popularity quickly spread to Americas 2014 Brain Wrinkles Ma Rainey & her Georgia Jazz Band 1924 2014 Brain Wrinkles Louis Armstrong

Louis Armstrong, an African American musician from New Orleans, made a big impact in the 1920s. He played the trumpet, cornet, and he sang. Armstrong rose from poverty to become a legend in jazz. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Louis Armstrong 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Harlem Renaissance Many African Americans moved into cities in the 1920s, especially into New York. African Americans made the Harlem section of New York their home. A cultural movement known as the Harlem

Renaissance was started when African American artists and writers expressed their talents. It focused on literature, music, theater, art, and politics. 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Langston Hughes Langston Hughes was one of the leaders of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote more than 60 books, including poems, novels, short stories, plays, children's poetry, musicals, operas, and

autobiographies. 2014 Brain Wrinkles 2014 Brain Wrinkles Langston Hughes Hughes wrote from his own experiences and combined African and American culture in his work.

His technique involved using jazz rhythms and dialects. This helped readers understand the life of African Americans in the big cities during the 1920s. 2014 Brain Wrinkles James Langston Hughes

1902-1967 2014 Brain Wrinkles Economic Boom After World War I, there was a boom in the American economy.

America had become the richest country in the world. Factories stopped making war supplies and were now producing goods like radios and cars. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Henry Ford

Henry Ford did not invent the automobile, but his assembly-line innovations made it possible to sell cars cheaply. When Ford installed his assembly line, each worker on the line became a specialist.

One worker bolted on 1 wheel on each car as it moved along the line. He worked faster than if he had to move around the car bolting on all the wheels. 2014 Brain Wrinkles Henry Ford & Wife in his First Automobile the Quadricycle

2014 Brain Wrinkles Ford Assembly Line 1913 2014 Brain Wrinkles Henry Ford This increased productivity and meant that Ford produced its cars at a lower cost and

could sell them at a lower price. As a result, more people could buy cars. Fords mass production of the automobile resulted in more jobs, greater mobility, movement to suburban areas, and the growth of transportation-related industries.

2014 Brain Wrinkles Henry Fords first automobile was the Model T. In the first year it was produced, more than 10,000 were sold. 2014 Brain Wrinkles

Charles Lindbergh In 1927, Charles Lindbergh became the first man to fly in an airplane across the Atlantic Ocean. He traveled from New York to Paris in a singleengine airplane named the Spirit of St. Louis.

His flight created interest in airplanes and air travel, and more people started flying as a 2014 Brain Wrinkles Charles Lindbergh 2014 Brain Wrinkles

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