MARRIAG E IN INDIA INTRODUCTION India is a land of diversity. Each state of India has its exclusive lifestyle. The people from each state differ from each other in customs, rituals, attire, and most prominently in their systems of marriage. In this presentation we would like to project the different types of Indian Marriages, which include North Indian , South Indian, Bengali, Christian as well as Muslim marriages which are all unique in its own way. E W I B A J N U P Pun G N I DD

an d j ab i W tra cere edd i ng d it m o Pun ion tra ni e a dit j s lly refl abi a ion con re a e s The ctio nd a duc no re ted P un ma f a Pun in

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PRE WEDDING RITUALS Mangni Sagai engagement or Mangni In this ceremony, the girls family visits ually very high profile. The boys with a few grains of rice and girls side of the family saffron and gifts. In return, the girls s to the boys side with gifts family receives baskets of seven dry onfirm the engagement. fruits. This function is sealed by exchange of rings. Mehndi The last function before wedding is mehndi Dholki or Sangeet Mehndi sent by the mother-in-law is applied This function is hosted by the brides The family where hands and feet of the bride. the female girls play dholki and sing traditional songs. Family members also apply mehndi on thei WEDDING RITUALS RITUALS AT BRIDES HOME - Haldi

ura In this ritual, turmeric paste and musta remony is the first ritual in oil is applied all over the girls body by s house on the wedding day. Chura is female friends and relatives. This is do ed and cream ivory bangles. People touch make the the girl look more beautiful on th d give their heartiest wishes for the bridesspecial day of her life. After this ritual, fe after which the girls family tie silver and bride and the groom are not allowed to aments to the chura worn by the girl. till the wedding. Rut Jugga In this ceremony, the family dancer and sing in the beautifu decorated wedding room. They decorate copper or brass ve gagger and fill them with mustard oil and light them. The Bridegrooms maternal aunt carries it on her head. RITUALS AT GROOMS HOUSE - Sehrabandi Sarbala In this ritual, the grooms sister ties the sehr ung nephew also dons a similar attire the grooms head. After the completion of t the groom. He is called the sarbala or ceremony, people give gifts and money to th taker of the groom and accompanies him. Groom as a token of good luck. Ghodi Charana In this ceremony, the groom climbs on the

horse and leaves for the Wedding venue. Milni Phere This takes place in front of the sacred fire. Mangalsutra The groom ties this in the Vidaai Sindoor Daan brides neck. Vidaai is the departure of the brid In this ritual, groom applies from her parents house. sindoor to the girls hair partition. BENGALI MARRIAGE Introduction The people of the state of West Bengal in India are called Bengalis. A Bengali wedding includes many rituals and ceremonies that spans for several days and are celebrated in great pomp and grandeur. In most, it starts with an Aiburo bhat and ends with Ostomongola (returning of newly wed daughter to her parents house 8 days after the marriage) ceremony.

The following slides present a brief description of the Bengali Wedding. Previously a bride was carried to the place of Marriage in a palanquin. Rituals of Bengali Marriage On the marriage day: Dodhi Mongol: Before sunrise of the marriage day, both the bride and groom are fed a mixture of sweets, card and khoi because they would be fasting for the rest of the day until marriage After this, the women relatives of both families visit their nearby water bodies, preferably Ganga( the holiest river of India) to fetch water for the rituals and to invite Goddess Ganga to the wedding and also to be the witness of the marriage. Gaye Holud: There is one Turmeric Ceremony for both bride and groom. For the brides gaye holud, the grooms familyexcept the groom himself go in procession to the brides home. They carry with them the brides outfit, wedding decoration including turmeric paste that had been touched Turmericalong Ceremony by the groom sweets and gifts with a large Rohu fish. After the turmeric ceremony (gaye the holud) bride and the groom are bathed by water. Rituals (continued) The Wedding Ceremony: It follows the gaye holud. It is arranged by the brides family and the groom with his family and friends arrive late in the evening.

The wedding starts with purohits(conductors of the marriage) chanting Sanskrit mantras along with the brides father. While the groom attend the ceremonies from the beginning, the bride joins in much later all dressed up in beautiful sari and jewelleries after she is brought by her brothers and friends seated on a wooden seat(piri). Then, the bride and groom exchange garlands. After which the brides father bestows all the responsibilities of the bride to the groom who will be her guardian from then. Finally occurs the sindoor dan where the brides forehead turns red by the sindoor (a red powder) given by the groom. It is only after then they are socially accepted as married. These ceremonies are followed by great feast where several famous Bengali dishes are served to the guests. After all this, the couple sits side-byside and cannot open the knot by which they are tied together and they are entertained by many dances and songs performed by their family members especially the younger ones. Sindoor daan This is the ceremony that takes place on next Day evening when the bride leaves for the grooms house. Bashi Biye On reaching the grooms house, the couple is welcomed by the grooms mother and other family members, a ritual known as Bouboron. The bride is then asked to enter the house with her feet dipped in alta and her footprints are regarded as those of Laxmi. Bou Bhat

Reception Biye is followed by Bou Bhat. new home, the bride serves ghee of Bou Bhat is celebrated as a reception par The evening hat to all her in-laws at lunch. all the distant relatives of the groom along with the close introduced to the bride. The brides family members also Kanyayatris bring gifts of clothes, jewelleries, sweets a essentials for bride and her in-laws which is known as ta Phool Sojja he flower bed ceremony where the bride wears flower ornament presented by her family and arriage bed is decorated with flowers by the family. IMAGES OF BENGALI MARRIAGES Suvo drishti A marriage ritual Making of pair A bride Exchange of garlands Foods served in the ceremony South Indian Marriages

The South Indian states are referred to the four states of India that lie extreme to the south of the country. These four states are Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The rituals and customs of the south Indian marriages are quite different from that of the rest of India. But, it is to be mentioned that most of the Indian population comprises of Hindus and being a part of the Hindu community, the South Indian wedding rituals are very much similar to the other Hindu marriages. SOUTH INDIAN MARRIAGE RITUALS RITUALS OF SOUTH INDIAN MARRIAGES The Hindu wedding has a number of rituals and customs. They are symbolic of beautiful and noble sentiments. Here is a short description of the South Indian wedding. EVENING PRIOR TO THE WEDDINDG DAY (Welcoming of bridegroom) This day the bridegroom is to be brought in a procession from a temple in a flower decorated car. He is escorted by the brides parents. This is a social function called JANA VASAM. The next day, the marriage starts by paying homage to Lord Ganesh followed by a number of rituals including, exchange of garlands between bride and bridegroom, making promises together and taking blessings from the elders to start a new life. The celebration continues for the whole day where the bridegrooms family organize a great lunch for the invitees. The new couple also joins in and engage themselves in dancing and singing with the other family members.

Images of South Indian Wedding Bride and bridegroom taking Part in the rituals. Ushering of the bridegroom by the bride. Makeover of a bride A typical South Indian Wedding dish. W M I L S U M E C G N I D D E Y N

O RE M in h a k i as N that rel n w kno actices o s he l t a r h t p g i ddin ons and ailing w ties e W ni ev diti u lam r

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o g l l o wed f i l r l s re om eI wo th c c v i m a i m d w l i h l s n ein

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s a m husb rments is allowed of Musli a ty y real g Polygam d. Majori , te Islam lly restric tota Pre wedding ritual Engagement In this ritual , the bride and the groom exchange rings. RITUALS RITUALS OF OF NIKAH NIKAH Mehndi Ritual In this ritual , mehndi is applied on the brides hand and feet by a mehndiwali, female relative of the bride. Haldi During this ritual ,

turmeric paste is applied on the brides skin with the purpose of improving and brightening her complexion. Baraat The Islamic wedding ceremo Is also preceded by a marria Procession known as the Grooms baraat. actual Wedding ceremony or Nikah Nikaahnama Nikah is officiated by a priest called Qazi. This is the marriage contract which is ong the important participants of the Nikah signed by the couple as well as the the Walises or the fathers of the bride and Walises and the Qazi. om and their legal representatives. Reading of Quran by the newly wed couple Valima This is the wedding Reception hosted by the grooms family. Christian Wedding in India Indian Christians are governed by Indian Christian Marriage Act. The legal processes included in an Christian wedding in India are :

The procedure begins with one of the parties giving written notice to the Minister of Religion, stating intention to marry, full name, address band profession of both parties, and Church in which they want to marry. Following this, a notice is put up in a conspicious part of the Church for at least 4 days. A declaration is then made by one of the parties stating that there is no lawful reason why the marriage cannot go ahead along with consent from brides guardian. A certificate is issued by the Minister and marriage may be conducted. Procedure of the wedding 1. The bride is dressed in beautiful gown and the bridegroom in dashing suit and both of them enter the churchyard together. 2. The would be couple seek blessings from Jesus and from the Father and promise to be with each other by uttering the phrases, Yes, I do and Yes, I always. 3. They exchange rings and the marriage is accomplished. 4. The newly wed couple accept each other by a kiss. 5. Then they come out of the Church followed by a long procession and the wedding is celebrated by a grand feast which marks the end of the occasion. Images of Christian Marriages Prepared to start a new life Exchange of A bridal RI



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