6.2- Chord Properties In lesson 6.1 we discovered

6.2- Chord Properties In lesson 6.1 we discovered

6.2- Chord Properties In lesson 6.1 we discovered some properties of a tangent. a line that intersects the circle only once In this lesson we will investigate properties of a chord. a line segment whose endpoints lie on the circle. . . . First we will define two types of angles in a circle. JRLeon Geometry Chapter 6.1 6.2 HGHS 6.2- Chord Properties Two types of angles in a

circle. Defining Angles in a Circle CENTRAL ANGLE A central angle has its vertex at the center of the circle. PQR, PQS, RST, QST, and QSR are not central angles of circle P. AOB, DOA, and DOB are central angles of circle O. INSCRIBED ANGLE An inscribed angle has its vertex on the circle and its sides are chords. ABC, BCD, and CDE are inscribed angles. JRLeon

Geometry Chapter 6.1 6.2 PQR, STU, and VWX are not inscribed angles. HGHS 6.2- Chord Properties Chords and Their Central Angles We will discover some properties of chords and central angles. We will also see a relationship between chords and arcs. 1. Construct a large circle. Label the center O. 2. Construct two congruent chords in your circle. 3. Label the chords AB and CD, then construct radii OA, OB, OC, and OD. 4. With a protractor, measure BOA and COD. How do they compare?

How can you fold the circle construction to check the conjecture? JRLeon Geometry Chapter 6.1 6.2 HGHS 6.2- Chord Properties Chords and Their Central Angles Recall that the measure of an arc is defined as the measure of its central angle. If two central angles are congruent, their intercepted arcs must be congruent. Combine this fact with the Chord Central Angles Conjecture to complete the next conjecture. JRLeon

Geometry Chapter 6.1 6.2 HGHS 6.2- Chord Properties Chords and the Center of the Circle Discover relationships about a chord and the center of its circle. 1. Construct a large circle and mark the center. 2. Construct two nonparallel congruent chords. 3. Construct the perpendiculars from the center to each chord. How does the perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord divide the chord? Discover a relationship between the length of congruent chords and their distances from the center of the circle. Compare the distances (along the perpendicular) from the center to the chords. JRLeon

Geometry Chapter 6.1 6.2 HGHS 6.2- Chord Properties Perpendicular Bisector of a Chord Discover a property of perpendicular bisectors of chords. 1. Construct a large circle and mark the center. 2. Construct two nonparallel chords that are not diameters. 3. Construct the perpendicular bisector of each chord and extend the bisectors until they intersect. What do you notice about the point of intersection? With the perpendicular bisector of a chord, you can find the center of any circle, and therefore the vertex of the central angle to any arc. All you have to do is construct the perpendicular bisectors of nonparallel chords. JRLeon

Geometry Chapter 6.1 6.2 HGHS 6.2- Chord Properties Lesson 6.2: Pages 320 - 322, Problems 1 thru 12, Homework: 18, 23 JRLeon Geometry Chapter 6.1 6.2 HGHS

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