Drivers Education Chapter 3 Basic Vehicle Control 11/2/12
Drivers Education Chapter 3 Basic Vehicle Control 11/2/12 Have you ever taken a good look at your parents vehicle controls? What types of controls have you noticed in their car? Instrument Panel Speedometer
This tells you that speed that you are traveling in both miles per hour and kilometers per hour Tachometer This indicates the engine revolutions per minute. Engine damage can occur if needle enters the red Odometer indicates the total number of miles that a vehicle has been driven. Trip Odometer will indicate the number of miles for a certain period of time and can be set back to zero Instrument Panel
Fuel Gauge Shows the amount of fuel in the tank, if tank gets below full you run the risk of running out Temperature Gauge/Light warns you when the coolant in the engine is too hot Oil Pressure Gauge/Light warns you when the oil is not circulating at the proper pressure Alternator Warning Light/Gauge warns that the battery is not being charged and is using stored electricity
Instrument Panel Brake System Warning Light reminds you to release the parking brake and warns is the braking system is not working properly Antilock Braking System Light tells you the ABS is working properly Safety Belt Light This reminds you to fasten your safety belt before moving Air Bag Warning Light tells you if the airbags are working properly
Instrument Panel Turn-Signal Indicators These tell you the direction that you have signaled to turn High-Beam Indicator this is a light that glows when the high-beam headlights are on Vehicle Controls Steering
Wheel this controls the direction of the front wheels. The steering wheel adjustment lever can mover the steering wheel for better driving comfort Selector Lever in a automatic transmission vehicle, this is moved to choose forward or reverse gears This is located on the steering column or on the center console Vehicle Controls Ignition
and Starter Switch the engine is started by putting the key in the ignition and turning the key to the start position Cruise Control is a device that lets you maintain your desired speed without keeping your foot on the accelerator. It is typically used on highways, expressways, etc. Cruise Control Standard
Cruise Control Adaptive Cruise Control 12/1/11 How do you think knowing the basic controls of a vehicle before you begin to drive, will impact your driving experience. Vehicle Controls Parking
Brake This keeps the vehicle in place when it is parked. It is located either on the far left of the pedals or on the center console Clutch Pedal in a stickshift, pushing this down allows to to shift gears. Located to the left of the brake pedal Foot-Brake-Pedal pushing this slows or stops the vehicle Accelerator Pedal this is located to the right of the brake pedal. Pushing this will increase the speed of the vehicle. Devices for Safety
Safety Belts always wear belt when the vehicle is in motion Head Restraints padded device on the back of from seats to prevent whiplash injuries Horn normally located
on the steering wheel. Do you always wear your seatbelt correctly when you enter a vehicle? Yes No Devices for Safety Mirrors Inside mirror shows directly behind the
vehicle Outside mirrors show to the right and left behind the vehicle Even with properly adjusted mirrors there will still be blind spots Getting Ready to Drive
Outside Checks walk around vehicle and look for Oil marks Tires are inflated Wheels are pointed straight Windshield, headlights, and taillights are clear
Getting Ready to Drive Inside Checks Adjust seat for best comfort and foot control (Seat
posture activity) 10 inches away from steering wheel Hand and legs slightly bend when on steering wheels and pedals Adjust head restraints and mirrors Fasten safety belt Automatic Transmission Shift
Indicator shows gear position on steering column or on the instrument panel Park (P) This position locks the transmission. You should shift into park every time you stop the vehicle Reverse (R) This position is for doing backwards. Always come to a complete stop before shifting into reverse. Reverse lights should come on when in reverse. Neutral (N) This Position allows the wheels to roll without engine power. If you stall when driving, use neutral to restart car. Automatic Transmission Drive
(D) This position is for moving forward. Keep foot on brake when shifting into drive. Low (L1, L2) These positions allow the engine to send more power to the wheels at lower speeds Steering the Vehicle
Have a comfortable and balances driving position Hands at 9 and 3 Pick aiming point and drive to it Make constant corrections Look for hazards ahead
Hand-over-hand Steering To straighten out do the reverse or allow wheel to slip through your fingers Is well suited for precision maneuvers, steering through curves, intersection entry and exit and skid recovery http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=16SoOO fftkE Putting the Vehicle in Motion
Putting vehicle in motion activity Press firmly on the brake Shift the vehicle into drive Turn on left turn signal Check for traffic in the rearview mirrors Look over left shoulder for traffic When the roadway is clear, release the brake and gently press on the accelerator moving away from the side of the road Cancel your signal Reach your desired speed and let up on the accelerator
Stopping the Vehicle Check traffic in mirrors Let off the accelerator Gently press on the brake pedal Gradually press on brake
until vehicle is stopped. Ease up just before stopping Keep foot on brake if vehicle is still in drive Driving a Manual Transmission Always make sure you set the parking brake with a manual transmission vehicle. You must learn how to to coordinate using the clutch with
the accelerator and gear shift lever Friction Point this is where you feel the engine take hold and start to move the vehicle Most manual transmission vehicles have 4 or 5 gears. The lower gears are for slower driving. The higher gears are for expressway driving and are fuel saver gears. Downshifting is shifting from a higher gear to a lower gear. Driving a Manual Transmission
Neutral (N) used when standing still and starting First gear used for starting the vehicle in motion Second Fourth shift through as speed increases Fifth/Sixth gear are overdrive expressway gears Reverse used for backing.
Never shift to reverse when vehicle is moving Using a Clutch Always press pedal to the floor before starting the engine, before shifting, and before coming to a stop.
Riding the Clutch this means resting for foot on the clutch while driving. This cause clutch wear and can lead to expensive repairs.
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