CHAPTER 8 ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT Washingtons

CHAPTER 8 ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT Washingtons

CHAPTER 8 ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT Washingtons ________________(models for doing things) ________, George Washington- 1st President ________________________- formal ceremony starting term, taking the oath of office Left hand on a Bible, raised right hand, added so help me God Est. a cabinet of advisors Traveled the country Served __________ terms (Who broke this tradition?)

Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Established 4 Departments Secretary of __________: Thomas Jefferson Secretary of the _____________: Alexander Hamilton Secretary of ___________: Henry Knox ______________________: Edmund Randolph These 4 men made up Washingtons ________________________ (group of advisors)

pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Different Visions ______________________ (Federalist) wanted America to be an urban, industrial country with a diverse economy (strong central government) _______________________ (AntiFederalist) wanted America to be rural and agricultural (more power at the state

level) pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government One of the biggest problems facing the new administration was the lack of ___________. Washingtons salary was $___________, but he agreed to take pay only for

his expenses. pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government _____________________Plan Program to help the nation pay its debts (1) levy taxes import tariffs and ______________ tax (a tax paid for the manufacture or sale of certain goods and services within a country)

(2) repay money borrowed during the Revolution (3) repay debts incurred by the __________ (4) establish a ________________________ Congress set up the Bank of the United States in 1791 pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Differing Views ___________ states had paid most of their debts.

They didnt wish to pay debts of the northern states. Southern states opposed the establishment of a national bank because it would help northern ____________________ but not southern _________________________. pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Differing Views

Hamiltons plan was put into place after a compromise: - The federal capital would move to the _________________. - ____________& ________________ gave land along the Potomac River - It was to be named after Columbus & Washington - Washington, District of Columbia pp. 142-146 Political Parties

Groups formed becoming the basis of Americas two-party political system _______________ Party: led by Hamilton ______________________ (Republicans): led by Jefferson Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The ________________________Rebellion Excise tax on whisky led to a problem

Whiskey was used in the place of money Ex.) If a man paid for a pig with a gallon of whiskey, he still had to pay the tax on the whiskey. If he refused, he was arrested. 1794, Farmers in western _______________________, who were angry over the whiskey tax, attacked federal officials. Pres. Washington wanted Pennsylvania to hand the problem, but the ______________________ refused. pp. 142-146

Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The Whiskey Rebellion Washington offered the rebels a group ______________ if they would agree to abide by law, but they refused. Pres. Called 13,000 militiamen out as a federal force. Rebels were given a Sept. 1st deadline to disperse. Washington moved forcefully Washington & the new nation proved their commitment to the

_____________________. pp. 142-146 Combat & subdue all who may be found in arms in opposition to the national will & authority. - Washington Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Establishing the Federal Court System

_________________________ Supreme Court: led by ___________________ ___________ associate justices & 1 chief justice Federal district courts: one located in each of the thirteen states pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Establishing the Federal Court

System 3 ____________________: established to hear appeals sent up by the federal courts and state supreme courts pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Congresss first order of business: the _____________________

House called for a bill with 16 amendments Congress agreed on 12, then released them to the states The states ratified ________ of the amendments in late 1791. pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Fighting Indians on the Frontier Americans wanted to move into

the lands of the _____________ The government broke many of its treaties with the Indians along the frontier in order to take their land. The Indians began to fight back in an attempt to save their lands. pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Battle of __________________ Anthony Wayne: the hero of Fallen

Timbers He led a well-trained force into northwestern Ohio & defeated a band of Indians. Treaty of _________________: The Indians gave up their claim to half of Ohio in return for gifts & annual payments. pp. 142-146 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government

____________ Threats to the New Government Although the United States had established its independence with its victory in the Revolution, other world nations were unsure of its strength. pp. 147-149 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government America and the French Revolution Late 1789, the Americans learned

the ______________had rebelled against King Louis XVI At first, the Americans _________________ the French patriots, but this soon changed. pp. 147-149 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Policy of Neutrality April 22, 1793, ________________________:

Washington declared America impartial to all possible foreign foes & to cease actions that would involve the U.S. in foreign wars. pp. 147-149 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Citizen ______________ French agent who tested the Neutrality Proclamation

Came to Charleston, SC to set up a base for French operations against Spain & England. He wanted private American ships to attack ___________& _______________ shipping. pp. 147-149 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Citizen Gent Equipped 12 _______________ (armed

private vessels), capturing 80 British vessels. Just as Genet was to be deported, the French gov. changed, threatened to behead Genet. _____________________ grants him political asylum in the U.S. pp. 147-149 This ambassador was dragging the U.S. into war

abroad & anarchy at home - Washington Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Trouble with the ___________ contention: disagreement over the rights of neutral countries at sea _____________________ -the seizing of American sailors to serve on British ships

pp. 147-149 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The ____________________, 1794 Washington wanted to avoid war, send John Jay to met with Britain United States: agreed to limit trade with ______________and pay _______________citizens what they owed them pp. 147-149

Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The Jay Treaty _________________ : agreed to abandon their forts in the Northwest, pay the United States for ships seized, and open some ports in the British West Indies to American trade Treaty didnt settle issues, the _______________ public were angry House of Rep. tried to block the treaty Pres. Washington insists that the treaty ratified by the ____________________ was

law & had to be honored. pp. 147-149 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Settling Differences with _____________ Spain controlled Florida & temporary control of the Louisiana Territory Spain continued to threaten American settlements along the frontier. Washington sends Thomas Pinckney to negotiate with Spain

____________________________ (1795): gave the United States the right of deposit and established the border along the thirty-first parallel pp. 147-149 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Washingtons most important precedent was his voluntary

surrender of ___________. pp. 149-151 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government pp. 149-151 Washingtons Farewell (September 19, 1796) avoid __________________________ avoid entangling ________________ avoid ________________

Henry Lee called Washington, First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen. Washingtons Death Retired to ______________ at 66 Died December 14,1799 Weakened by the medical practice of bleeding, his throat swelled shut from infection.

Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The Election of _________ Republican candidate: __________________ Opposed by Aaron Burr (hoped to become V.P.) Federalist candidate: ______________ (1st vice president) pp. 149-151

Election of 1796 The High Federalist (pro-Hamiltonians) favored _________________________ __________________ won the most votes in the Electoral College. The split in the Federalist votes allowed _________________ to win V.P. Problem: President & V.P. are from different political parties Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government

In ________________ Shadow Adams was well qualified for the presidency but was never as popular as Washington and was undermined by internal conflicts in his cabinet. pp. 149-151 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Adams didnt appoint a new

cabinet. The cabinet consulted with _____________________ (who was no longer in office) Cabinet made decisions that opposed the Adams wishes pp. 153-156 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The ______________ Affair The French (in response to the Jay

Treaty) began targeting American shipping __________ seized more than 300 American sailors on British ships. French also refused to receive ____________________(American minister to France) pp. 153-156 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government XYZ Affair

American Envoys Meet French Agents Adams sent _________________ and __________________ to assist Thomas Pinckney in negotiating with the French. After _____ months, French agents (X, Y, and Z) sought a bribe from the American envoy sent to meet with the French government. $250,000 & a $10 million loan for France. pp. 153-156 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government

XYZ Affair Adams went to ___________ to expose the insult to the U.S. To protect the 3 American envoys, Adams substituted the letters X,Y,Z for the names of the ______________agents pp. 153-156 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government

Call to Arms In response, Congress began preparing the country for war. Navy Department is formed & forty ships were built, including the _______________________________. Congress tripled the size of the ___________. Never declared an open war, Americans captured 90 French ships by fall of 1800. _______________________: undeclared war between the United States and France pp. 153-156

Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government War Avoided French government changed again. ____________________takes over in 1799. Convention of 1800: peace agreement with France, ending the quasi war, signed by President John Adams Displeased Federalists now sided with Republicans & denounced ___________ pp. 153-156

Opposition to Adams Congress passes 4 laws intended to harm the _______________ Party. Adams had not asked for these acts, but did not oppose them. The __________________ Act Extended the time required to gain American citizenship from 5 to 14 years.

Most ________________joined the Republican party, this would prevent them from voting early. Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The Alien and Sedition Acts pp. 153-156 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government pp. 153-156

______________________ : allowed the president to imprison or expel any dangerous foreigner during times of war or invasion. _______________________- allowed the president to deport any aliens thought to be dangerous even if war had not been declared __________________: any person who wrote or published anything false or malicious against the government could be fined and imprisoned ($2000 & 2 years in prison)

Republicans protested that the law violated their freedom of the press & speech, which were guaranteed by the _______st Amendment to the Constitution. Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government pp. 153-156 Opposition to the Alien and Sedition Acts _________________________ : written by Madison and Jefferson, claimed the right of nullification (never went into effect)

______________________: The states had the right to nullify any federal law within its boundaries. Would lead to the breakup of the union & the Civil War. Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The Disputed ____________________ candidates Federalist: _______________ V.P.: Cotesworth

Republican: _______________ V.P.: ______________ winner: __________________ pp. 153-156 Election of 1800 ______________ for the election did not state which man was running for which office. Each electoral college member was allowed to cast _______ votes. Jefferson & Burr received _________

number of votes. Election of 1800 Constitution states that in a tie the ___________________ selects the president. Each state is to have one vote & the winner is to have a majority of votes cast (9 at the time). ___________ refused to defer to Jefferson & say he was really running for V.P. Federalist vote for ________________. Election of 1800 States voted: _____________ took

8 but didnt get the needed majority. House voted 36 times Finally on the 36th ballot, __________________ of Delaware shifted his vote to Jefferson. Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Strengthening the Courts One of John Adamss final accomplishments was the appointment of a new chief justice to the Supreme Court,

_____________________ His appointment had farreaching effects on the power of the court. pp. 157-158 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The Appointment of John Marshall Marshall was a representative from Virginia. appointed __________________ shortly before Adams left office

believed that the judiciary branch was the _____________ of the three departments of power pp. 157-158 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government The Judiciary Bill and the Midnight Judges _____________________: created 16 new circuit judgeships.

___________________: Adams appointed fifty-eight new judges the night before he left office. pp. 157-158 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government ________________________ Federalist William Marbury was a midnight judge, he didnt receive his commission before Adams left office.

____________________, new secretary of state, refused to release it. __________________ sued for his job. pp. 157-158 Chapter 8 Establishment of the New Government Marbury v. Madison Chief Justice Marshalls court decided to hear the case.

Ruled: Madison didnt have to deliver the commission. The section of the federal law that granted such power was unconstitutional. This established ____________________: gave the court the power to determine the constitutionality of a law Declared part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 _________________________________ This was an expansion of the courts power. pp. 157-158

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • 슬라이드 1 - Advanced Photon Source

    슬라이드 1 - Advanced Photon Source

    references. In this presentation, first I will introduce our work for ITER task. Then I will introduce the main technical subject regarding to this work like MARTe and pCAS. ... Uwe. Kasemir, Channel Access Server Tool Developers Training. MARTe. DDB.
  • ICEBREAKERS - WordPress.com

    ICEBREAKERS - WordPress.com

    2 minutes. There are hundreds of different ice breakers and enegizers out there, one for every situation. Like picking a flavor at an ice cream shop with a hundred choices, sometimes it can be overwheming to decide what to choose.
  • Kingsway Regional School District Academy Presentation PRESENTED BY:

    Kingsway Regional School District Academy Presentation PRESENTED BY:

    Completed online application 2 Teacher Recommendations (math and English/language arts preferred) Admissions Timeline for 2019-2020 Dates: December 20, 2019 Exam Notification Letters sent to parents/guardians: Letters will be sent home to parents/guardians verifying that their child is signed up to...
  • Help Wanted - Historic Royal Palaces

    Help Wanted - Historic Royal Palaces

    The Tudor dynasty is shown here in the context of the history of the Mint at the Tower of London. Historical notes: The Tudors and the Mint -- England's main Mint was at the Tower of London throughout the Tudor...
  • Electrical Safety

    Electrical Safety

    Load are devices such as motors, solenoids, resistance heaters and other current-consuming devices. Load are the most important part of a heating, cooling, or refrigeration system because they do all the work in the system. Motors A motor is an...
  • Integument - PC\|MAC

    Integument - PC\|MAC

    contain capillary loops, nerve endings (pain receptors), and touch receptors . larger mounds called dermal ridges produce looped/whorled ridges on the epidermal surface. epidermal ridges increase friction and enhance the gripping ability of the fingers and feet . lots of...
  • -10 -5 0 5 A number line is

    -10 -5 0 5 A number line is

    -5 5 0 10 -10 A number line is a line with marks on it that are placed at equal distances apart. One mark on the number line is usually labeled zero and then each successive mark to the left...
  • Characteristics of a Group - New Jersey Institute of Technology

    Characteristics of a Group - New Jersey Institute of Technology

    Formal Groups Command group : formal group determined by structure ... few qualities in common Size small groups: good communication, satisfaction large groups: can specialize; coordination, communication problems Status Attraction to Groups Social and emotional needs social affirmation ...