Creating Speakers: 2) From Simple to Complex Owennatekha

Creating Speakers: 2) From Simple to Complex Owennatekha

Creating Speakers: 2) From Simple to Complex Owennatekha (Brian Maracle) A.N.L.R.I. Fairbanks May 21-24, 2018 Montreal

Six Nations Detroit *

* * New York

* Bosto n *

Six Nations 3 out of 6 languages still spoken 13,000 people living on-reserve 2 First-Language Mohawk speakers (2,000 speakers live in the East)

Onkwawenna Kentyohkwa (Our Language Society) 1999 * Adult Immersion Program (Year 1 & Year 2)

* On-Line Program * Youtube: onkwawenna kentyohkwa * web: Four Presentations #1 Root-Word Method

#2 Simple-to-Complex Curriculum #3 Teaching Method #4 Assessments & Goals Admissions Students do not require an extensive

background in the language to attend but anyone wanting to take our program must pass an admissions test. We give prospective students the answers to the test because we want them to pass.

The test consists of 40 Mohawk words and the English meanings that they must memorize. The words are 40 variations of the verb to like. -non:wes

kenon:wes = I like it. wakenon:wes = It likes me. senon:wes = You like it. sanon:wes = It likes you. ranon:wes = He likes it. ronon:wes = It likes him. yenon:wes = She likes it. yakonon:wes = It likes her.

konnon:wes = I like you. takenon:wes = You like me. rinon:wes = I like him. rakenon:wes = He likes me. + 28 more

The words on the test are the 40 most common bound pronouns used to construct words. (There are 21 more.) The 40 words tests memory and commitment.

Passing the test does not predict success. The Curriculum: From Simple-to-Complex Short words are not necessarily simple.

Long words are not necessarily complex. yenskewe yonkeniserehtsherowa:nen

yenskewe I will arrive back there yonkeniserehtsherowa:nen We (two) have a big car y en s k ewe

6 elements yonkeni serehtsher owa:nen 3 elements And not everything that is simple is easy to describe.

I went for a walk. tewakathahahkwanonhne tewakathahahkwanonhne te wak at hah a hkw a hn onh ne

10 elements At Onkwawenna, we start with the simplest form of the language We start by describing

the way someone or something is. We describe someones or somethings state or condition.

I am You are He is ... She is ... It is ... They are ...

I am standing. You are listening. He is married. She is singing. It is raining.

They are crazy. Soon after learning simple descriptions in the present, students learn to express these states or conditions in the past and future. wenhniseri:yo It is a nice day.

wenhniseriyohne It was a nice day. enwenhniseriyohake It will be a nice day. Simple descriptions are what is needed to describe a photograph.

Unit #1 Making Simple Conversations Making statements, questions, answers Using negatives, qualifiers, conjunctions With just two verbs to like & to know Asking & Answering naming questions

Unit #1 Test I know that you like that boy but do you know if he likes you? That young woman, the one named Kathy, doesnt know if that old lady likes her more

than you do. Unit 2 Kinship Negatives Resemblance

Dead & Alive Numbers Age Love & Hate Unit 2 Test

Are you related to that good-looking young man named Paul? Mary is 30 years older than her daughter Betty but they still look alike. Unit 3

Describing the way things used to be Being engaged, married, divorced When something was the case Being in a state/condition again Good people, bad people Having kids, animals, families

Unit 3 Test My wife and I arent married but we have ten kids. My nephew is a bad kid but I dont hate him.

Unit 4 Times of the day & year Names of days and months Asking and telling time Being here & there: past, present, future Place names

Unit 4 Test You dont have to be here on Tuesday next week. Didnt your parents used to live in Toronto? Where did you live when you before you were married?

Unit 5 70 physical, mental & emotional state verbs: angry, awake, busy, crying, dark-skinned, drunk, eating, famous, fat, funny, happy, hungry, lazy, lucky, nasty, poor, pregnant, sad, short, sleeping, smart, worried, working

Unit 5 Test She wont be happy until she is thinner. He was always drunk when he was single. Its surprising that she isnt married yet.

Unit 6 How action verbs are constructed 30 active verbs: asking, cooking, defecating, eating, getting up, helping, listening, looking, raining, resting, saying, sleeping, snowing, studying, telling,

waking up, washing, watching, working Unit 6 Test Dont wash the car. Its going to rain. You didnt ask me. You told me! The old man always falls asleep after he eats.

Unit 7 20 more complicated action verbs Unit 8 70 personal possessions:

book, car, gun, house, job, money, shoes 15 common verbs used with possessions: buying, getting, giving, trading, using, washing 25 personal possession characteristics: big, cheap, colour, dirty, expensive, good, long, new, pretty, small, soft, ugly, wet

Unit 8 Test Who washed this blanket? Its still dirty. The red wire is often dangerous. The yellow car is too old and ugly for him to sell. No one will buy it.

Unit 9 20 original food names & roots: beans, corn, fish, fruit, potatoes, meat, water 60 new food names: banana, beer, cake, pizza, spaghetti 5 action verbs used with food:

cooking, eating, liking, making 20 food characteristics: baked, burnt, frozen, mouldy, salty, sweet Unit 9 Test I hate hard butter.

This apple is not sweet. Carrots are not fattening. My neighbours son eats too much candy. Unit 10 40 outside nouns & roots:

cloud, fence, garden, hill, rapids, town, tree 20 places in a house: bathroom, couch, garage, kitchen, yard 30 places in relation to a house: behind, in front, north of, this side of

Unit 10 Test Why is your son lying in the mud? Shes running on the other side of the road. Is your car on the left or right side of the fence? Unit 11

60 body part nouns and roots: arm, blood, eye, hair, nose, thumb, tooth 10 action verbs used with body parts: bite, sniff, bleed, hit, touch, grab, rub, scratch 20 sicknesses & ailments: blind, cancer, deaf, diabetes, fever, flu, in pain

Unit 11 Test Why is your tongue so dark? I had a stomach ache yesterday and now I have a headache and a fever. Chickens dont have toothaches

because they dont have teeth. Unit 12 100 names of animals, birds, insects, fish, trees 25 weather terms in past, present and future

End of 1st Year Story My parents were married for more than 50 years but they have both passed on. My father was a carpenter. They were both Mohawks but they didnt speak or understand the language, just a couple of words. We lived in Buffalo when I was a boy, until I was 12 years old.

My wife Audrey and I have been together for 21 years and we have been married for 16 years. We are very happy together and we love one another very much. We do not have have any children together but she has two children, a son and a

daughter. Her son lives in the U.S. and her daughter lives on the ground floor in our house with her two boys. I have one daughter who lives next door to us with her boyfriend and her son. Audrey and I lived in Anchorage for a short

while about ten years ago. I was working at a radio station there. Both of us dont like big cities very much but it was really nice being out on the land up here. Im happy to be back in the North again.

The 1st Year is spent learning how to describe states & conditions photographs. The 2nd Year is spent learning how to describe actions and events videos.

Mohawk verbs are very complex. They usually are a whole sentence in English. Remember ensekhetsitsyahninonhse:ra I will go buy flowers for her again.

? A Mohawk verb can describe: * an action * who did it * what they did the action with or to

* when they did it * If action happened before or is happening again * the direction the action is taking place * if the action is being done to or for someone else * if the action is taking place at the same time as

something else is happening * if the action happened or is happening multiple times * if the action is reversing or undoing a previous action * if the person performing the action is going or went someplace to do it

In 2nd Year, we begin teaching the simplest form of the verb and then add prefixes and suffixes starting with the grammatically simplest one. wakerho:roke

I covered s.t. Unit 1 wakerho:roke yakerho:roke

I covered s.t. I covered s.t. there Unit 2 wakerho:roke I covered s.t. takerho:roke

I covered s.t. here Unit 3 wakerho:roke sakerho:roke

I covered s.t. I covered s.t. again Unit 4 wakerho:roke I covered s.t.

wakerhorokhon I covered s.t. many things Unit 5 wakerho:roke wakerhorokhsi

I covered s.t. I uncovered s.t. Unit 6 wakerho:roke I covered s.t.

wakherho:rokhse I covered s.t. for her Unit 7 wakerho:roke wakerhorokhe I covered s.t.

Im on my way to cover s.t. yonsakenirhorokhsyon:ko shonkwarhorokhsyonkwennihronhne

yonsakenirhorokhsyon:ko two females went there again to uncover many things shonkwarhorokhsyonkwennihronhne He went to uncover many things for us

accordian End of 2nd Year Story They say that if you can boil water you can make maple syrup. Thats true, but theres a big difference between good maple syrup and maple

syrup thats not so good. My wife Audrey and I make maple syrup every Spring. When it freezes at night and thaws during the day, the sap will run. I drill a hole in a maple tree about two inches deep. I put in a metal or plastic tap, hang a bucket on it

and collect the sap every day. The sap is sweet and delicious. We make tea with it and we drink it as a medicine. I boil the sap in a big pan outdoors. I used to use wood to heat the pan but now I use propane. I boil the sap into syrup and Audrey bottles it inside the house. You have to boil 40

gallons of sap to get one gallon of syrup. This year we made about 80 bottles. We use only a couple bottles a year by ourselves and we give the rest of it away to friends, family and visitors.

If you visit us at our home in Six Nations, you will leave with a bottle. So come pay us a visit! Owennatekha (Brian Maracle) [email protected]

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