Light in a different light From cavemen to

Light in a different light From cavemen to

Light in a different light From cavemen to Newton This seminar series http://eee.uci.edu/06f/87568 Eric Potma

Natural Sciences II, room 1107 [email protected] 1. From cavemen to Newton: earliest ideas about light 2. Particles and Waves: what is wave-particle duality? 3. Blue Skies, Rainbows and Thunder Storms: the optics of weather

4. The Optics of Vision: how the eye really works 5. Optical Microscopy: seeing the micro-cosmos with ones own eyes 6. Star Wars Optics: the truth about lasers 7. Fast Light, Slow Light: how materials influence the propagation of light 8. Light Bits: CDs, optical fibers and telecommunication

9. Ultrafast Light: seeing molecules move with flashes of light. Elusive messengers Light allows us to see objects, but can we see light itself?

Light in Egypt Light is the sight of God

Leucippus Eidolon How does eidolon stay intact?

How can big eidola fit through eyes aperture? Why cant we see eidola in the dark? Why can we see only front surfaces of objects? Empedocles

Why cant we see in the dark? How fast are the visual rays? How can the ray be wide and narrow simultaneously? Platos fire

And of the organs they first contrived the eyes to give light, and the principle according to which they were inserted is as follows. So much of fire as would not burn, but gave gentle light, they formed into a substance akin to the light of everyday life, and the pure fire which is within us and related to it they made to flow through the eyes in a stream smooth and

dense, compressing the whole eye and specially the center part, so that it kept out everything of a coarser nature and allowed to pass only its pure element. 8 centuries after Plato:

The shaft of rays from our eyes is a shaft of light. It can be pulled in when we focus on what is near our eyes and sent forth when we fix on objects that are at a distance, but when it is pulled in, it does not altogeter stop seeing distant objects, although of course, it sees them more obsurely the when it fixes its gaze upon them.

Euclidian rays Lines drawn from the eye pass through space of great extent Form of space included within our vision is a cone,

with its apex in the eye and its base at the limits of our vision Those things on which vision falls are seen, and those things upon which vision does not fall are not seen Things seen within a larger angle appear larger, things

seen with a smaller angle appear smaller Euclidian rays A

B C Euclidian rays A

C B D

Diocles rays Archimedes mirror

Heros rays A B

A B Ptomely

End of visual rays There is no vision unless something comes from the visible object to the eye, whether of not anything goes out

camera obscura Light and eyes

Lenses to help the eye Lenses to help the eye Lenses to help the eye

Lenses to help the eye Lenses to help the eye Lenses to help the eye

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