Advance Freshmen English Grammar Boot Camp Continued Dashes/Hyphens,

Advance Freshmen English Grammar Boot Camp Continued Dashes/Hyphens,

Advance Freshmen English Grammar Boot Camp Continued Dashes/Hyphens, Apostrophes, Titles, Parentheses and Brackets Dashes Dashes Dashes add emphasis. make sentences stronger or more interesting than conjunctions.

Dashes Rule #1: Use a dash to link two parts of a sentence. Okay Come to class on time because its the rule. ^Conjunctions are too boring. Students will show up late.

Better Come to class on time - its the rule. ^Whoa! Students will be so impressed and intimated by dash usage that they show up on time every single day. Dashes Rule #2 Use dashes to emphasize by the way, parenthetical expressions. -Ex: We have been learning grammarmy subjectfor the past week. favorite

Rule #3 Use a dash to set off a long appositive or an appositive with lots of commas. Okay - I love Extreme Trampoline, a large warehouse in Carol Stream with dangerous, bouncy trampolines. Better I love Extreme Trampoline a large warehouse in Carol Stream with dangerous, bouncy trampolines. Dashes Rule #4: Use a dash to sum up a list or idea.

Ex: Red, white, and blue those are the American colors. Rule #5: Use a dash in dialogue to show hesitation or a break in the flow of a sentence. Ex: Last Wednesday no, it was the one before you were free to do as you pleased. Hyphens Rule

#1: Compound Words There is no specific rule consult a dictionary! Ex: Vice-president, self-awareness, X-ray Rule # 2: With Prefixes all-, co-, ex-, half-, great-, numbers and capital letters Ex: All-knowing, co-author, ex-convict, half-life, great- uncle, 10-yards, T-Shirt Rule

# 3: Dates 11-19-1988 ^I expect gifts.. Hyphens Rule # 4: Compound Numbers from 21-99 Ex: twenty-three, one hundred and sixty-two. Rule #5: Fractions as Adjectives/Adverbs The recipe called for one-half gallon of eggnog. Rule #6: Scores We won the game 88-62 Rule #7: Compound Adjectives

Not long ago you were eighth-grade students Rule #8: Instead of through Read pages 1-234 for tomorrow Apostrophes Rule #1: Contractions I shouldnt use contractions in my formal essays. Rule #2: Indicate Singular Possessive Ex: Connors birds; Jesses computer; the cats hat Rule # 3:Plural Possessive Ex: The students essays; the cats hats; The Joneses party Apostrophes

Rule # 4: Special Plural For the most part, do not use apostrophes in regular plural words. Use apostrophes in these cases - Words used as words Ex: You used too many yets in your perfect paragraph. -Alphabet Ex:My name has two fs and two es.

Titles Use italics or underlining for names of books, magazines, newspapers, movies, operas, plays, and other large works. Ex: The New York Times The Phantom of the Opera The Wizard of Oz Titles Use quotation marks for the names of

songs, poems, magazine articles, newspaper articles, short stories, chapters of books, and other small works. Ex: Song: Like a Rolling Stone Article: Student Appreciates Amazing Grammar PowerPoint (Parentheses) Rule #1: Set off parenthetical expressions (by the way information) from the rest of the sentence. Ex: John Lennon (1940-1980) was the most gifted

songwriter in The Beatles. Nobody (except his mother) can sit next to him because of his foul stench. I paid 10 euros (about $8) for a Big Mac. Brackets Use brackets for Clarity Often used when quoting another source Everybody wants the greatest teacher of all time [Mr. K] as their English teacher They [ants] are taking over my apartment. I am

powerless to stop them Read [chapters] 1-3 for homework tonight.

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