VETERANS VA Benefits 101 BENEFITS Military Language and

VETERANS VA Benefits 101 BENEFITS Military Language and

VETERANS VA Benefits 101 BENEFITS Military Language and Culture ADMINISTRATION VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION July 20, 2016 Overview

Importance of Military Culture and Experience Structure and Branches Common Terms and Lingo Questions VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 2 Importance of Military Culture and Experience The Military has a rich and distinct culture, made up of unique values, symbols, and a shared history. Within this culture there are sub-cultures represented by the characteristics of each military branch. While Servicemembers share a culture, their individual experiences can vary tremendously depending upon:

Military Branch Time and Place of Service VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION Military Occupation 3 Structure and Branches VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 4 Military Ranks

E Enlisted enlisted. An enlisted member is one who has joined the military or W Warrant Officer A warrant officer is a highly trained specialist. One must be an enlisted member with several years of experience, be recommended by his or her commander, and pass a selection board to become a warrant officer. O Commissioned Officer A commissioned officers primary function is to provide management and leadership in his or her area of responsibility. VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION

5 Army Rank Enlisted: ranges from Private to Sergeant Major of the Army Warrant Officers: Warrant Officer to Chief Warrant Officer Officer: Second Lieutenant to General of the Army VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 6 Navy Rank Enlisted: ranges from Seaman Recruit to Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy Warrant Officers: Warrant Officer to Chief Warrant Officer Officer: Ensign to Fleet Admiral VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION

7 Marine Corps Rank Enlisted: ranges from Private to Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Warrant Officers: Warrant Officer to Chief Warrant Officer Officer: Second Lieutenant to General VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 8 Air Force Rank Enlisted: ranges from Airman to Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Warrant Officers: Warrant Officer to Chief Warrant Officer

Officer: Second Lieutenant to General of the Air Force VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 9 Chain of Command and Authority The chain of command is the line of authority and responsibility along which orders are passed within a military unit and between different units. Within this hierarchy, military personnel expect those with authority to take charge and make decisions with confidence, and during times of war those decisions can be matters of life or death. Given the straightforward, direct style of most military leaders, military personnel and Veterans may have difficulty with or be frustrated with patronizing talk, uncertain leadership style, and approaching problems with hesitation or fear.

VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 10 Expression of Values and Ideals by Service Branch ARMY Mission To fight and win our Nations wars by providing prompt, sustained land dominance across the full range of military operations and spectrum of conflict in support of combatant commanders. Motto : This Well Defend Army Core Values: Loyalty Duty Respect Selfless Service Honor

Integrity Personal Courage VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 11 Expression of Values and Ideals by Service Branch NAVY Mission To maintain, train and equip combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas. Motto : Semper Fortis, Always Courageous Navy Core Values: Honor Courage Commitment

VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 12 Expression of Values and Ideals by Service Branch AIR FORCE Mission Fly, fight and win ... in air, space, and cyberspace. Motto : Aim HighFly-Fight-Win Air Force Core Values : Integrity First Service Before Self Excellence in All We Do VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION

13 In Service of the Mission: Teamwork and Shared Goals Military personnel are nearly always aware of the mission with which they are tasked. Understanding this mission oriented approach may help you understand a Veteran. Even though the Veteran has left the service, the service may not have left the Veteran. VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 14 Expression of Values and Ideals by Service Branch

MARINE CORPS Mission The seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and other land operations to support naval campaigns. The development of tactics, techniques, and equipment used by amphibious landing forces. Such other duties as the President may direct. Motto : Semper Fidelis, Always Faithful Marine Corps Core Values: Honor Courage Commitment VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 15 Expression of Values and Ideals by Service Branch

COAST GUARD Mission To protect important interests of the United States the personal safety and security of our population; the marine transportation system and critical infrastructure; our natural and economic resources; and the territorial integrity of our nation from both internal and external threats, natural and man-made. To protect these interests in U.S. ports and inland waterways, along the coasts, on international waters, and in any other maritime region where they may be at risk. The Coast Guard has three broad roles: maritime safety, maritime security, and maritime stewardship. Motto : Semper Paratus, Always Ready Coast Guard Values Honor Respect Devotion to Duty VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 16

Common Terms and Lingo MEMBERS OF THE MILITARY ARE REFERRED TO DIFFERENTLY DEPENDING UPON THEIR SPECIFIC SERVICE Soldiers: Members of the Army Sailors: Members of the Navy Airmen: Members of the Air Force Marines: Members of the Marine Corps Coast Guardsmen: Members of the Coast Guard Reservists: Members of the Reserve Guardsmen: Members of the National Guard VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 17

Acronyms AWOL Absent With Out Leave: not at one's place of duty and not authorized to be absent CDR Commander CO Commanding Officer CONUS CONtinental United States COB Close Of Business: the end of the day or duty shift CoS Chief of Staff DD or DoD Department of Defense IAW In accordance with ICO In case of, in care of IED Improvised Explosive Device IRT In reference to GWOT Global War On Terror VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION

18 More Acronyms NCO Non-Commissioned Officer: an enlisted person with command responsibility over soldiers of lesser rank OEF Operation Enduring Freedom: official name used for the War in Afghanistan OIF Operation Iraqi Freedom: official name used for the War in Iraq OND Operation New Dawn: new name for the War in Iraq starting in September 2010 to reflect reduced role of US troops VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 19 Even More Acronyms!!!

MOS Military occupation specialty: job or career specialty (e.g., infantryman, intelligence analyst, operating room specialist, military police, etc.) OCONUS Outside the CONtinental United States POC Point Of Contact: the person to liaise with on a given matter ROTC Reserve Officer Training Corps (often pronounced "ROT-SEE") SOP Standard Operating Procedure: the routine manner of handling a set situation TDY Temporary Duty Yonder VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 20 Phrases Battle assembly new term used for Army Reserve weekend drills, unit training assemblies, or multiple unit training assemblies Boots on the ground to physically be in a location (some may use this to say that they want boots on the ground for a particular project, which means they want

everyone physically in the office, rather than having people call in.) Drill preparation of military personnel for performance of their duties through the practice and rehearsal of prescribed movements; members of the National Guard and Reserve are required to attend one weekend drill a month (sometimes starting Friday night until Monday morning) Liberty authorized free time ashore or off station, not counted as leave, also known as a "pass" VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 21 Slang Above my/your pay grade expression denying responsibility or authority (indicating that the issue should be brought to higher-ranking officials) Civvies civilian clothing Down Range physically in a combat zone

In-Country physically in a war zone Quarters (a) military family housing, or (b) doctor's direction to stay home from work (e.g., Im confined to quarters.) Say again (your last) request to repeat a statement, question, or order, especially over a radio Stay in Your Lane stay within your boundaries; do your job as commanded and trust that you will know what you need to know when you need to know it VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 22 More Slang and Phrases

VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 11 Bang Bang 40 Mike Mike Bird Bolo Cannibalize

Doc Fast Mover Klicks Leg Ruck Shellback Snivel Gear Boot Camp/AIT/Basic/OSUT 23 Slang/Phrases common to VA claims processing

RVN DMZ STRs/SMRs MOS/Rate/AFSC ROK Blue Water Brown Water Fire Base/FOB

Evac Motor Pool Latrine Deck

VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION AAR Formation Corpsman Fall Out Hoo-ah Hoo-rah/Hooyah Gunny/Top

Sarge AO Agent Orange Flight Deck Cover Sir/Maam Back on the block DI/DS 24 Questions? VETERANS BENEFITS ADMINISTRATION 25

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