1 In the English language . . .

1 In the English language . . .

1 In the English language . . . There are nine parts of speech . . . Nouns Verbs Every word fits into one of Pronouns these categories! Adjectives Adverbs Conjunctions

Articles Prepositions Interjections 2 Noun:person, place,thing or quality/idea Person: Popeye likes to eat spinach with his family. Place: San Francisco is a great city with many interesting shops. Thing: I need a new bicycle and a facelift.

Quality: Superman defends truth and justice. 3 More Abstract Nouns Love, joy, pain, grief Kindness, sadness, happiness Government, empowerment, employment Civility, humility, adversity, equality Complication, inspiration, humiliation 4

Practice with Nouns Point to something in the room that is a noun Now think of something that is a noun that cannot be pointed to. 5 Verb: shows action or state of being Action Verbs: Robin Hood ran through the forest.

Notice that some actions are mental actions: I love Lucy. I remembered my anniversary this year. 6 Verb: shows action or state of being Being or Linking Verbs connect the subject of a sentence with more information about that subject. That bowtie looks dorky on you.

He was sad that particular morning. Common being/linking verbs: is, am, are, were, seems, smells, tastes, feels, sounds. 7 Helping Verbs Some verbs work as helpers to other verbs to change the tense. Helping verbs come BEFORE the main verb. Example: I am sleeping. He was sleeping. We will sleep. She does sleep.

Common helping verbs: is, am, are, was, were, does, can, will, should, have. 8 Practice with Verbs Identify the verbs in each sentence and tell what type they are. Sibbie has been singing all morning. Ivan should be paying attention. Ariel is very helpful to her mother. Oliver is thinking about death. 9

Pronoun: takes the place of a noun Guillermo and I studied for the exam, even though we had no hope of passing it. There are actually many types of pronouns, but we will get to them later! 10 Adjective: describes a noun

The beautiful woman only wanted a couple of pairs of shoes. The rainy day made us even sadder. 11 Article: There are only three articles--the, a , an (Actually, articles are adjectives and not a different part of speech) The bicycle was not only red but shiny. A yellow moon always appears in

October. An excellent student, Armando passed all his exams. 12 Practice with Adjectives This woman looks _______. 13 More Adjective Practice

This forest is ________________. 14 Adverb: describes a verb, adjective, or other adverb The little girl walked happily through the park. The extremely hungry boy very slowly ate the hot stew. Note: Adverbs answer these questions: how, when, where, and to what extent.

15 Practice with adverbs modifying verbs Describe how you do each activity Run Study Swim Sing Sleep Bonus: For each adverb you used, tell to what extent.

16 Practice with adverbs modifying adjectives Decide to what extent these dogs are cute. Conjunctions: words that join words, phrases or sentences Manuel and Marisol loved to cook. You will go to class, or you will fail. I am happy because I just received my check. It has been cloudy since the morning.

18 Preposition: A word or phrase that shows the relationship between the noun that it takes as an object and some other word in the sentence. The cat was on the table. The dog was under the table. These are some common prepositions: For on to up at under

above toward With between in behind From upon into off 19 Prepositional Phrases A preposition is always followed by a noun or pronoun called the object of the preposition (OOP). Over the river

p oop Through the woods p oop To Grandmothers house. p oop 20

What do POOPs do? Prepositional phrases act like adjectives or adverbs. Adjectives These POOPs describe nouns: Adverbs These POOPs describe verbs:

The cat by the door is ugly. The cat sat by the door. I got a letter from my sister. I ran from my sister. 21 Interjections: expressive words Wow, you knocked that ball out of the park.

Oh, you really need to take care of yourself. Huh, what did you say? Ah, now I understand the problem. Created by Jos J. Gonzalez, Jr. Spring 2002 STCC 22 Identify each word in the

following sentence The beautiful queen was walking slowly on the cool lawn, and she was reading a long book about knights and kings. 23 The beautiful queen was walking slowly article adjective

noun verb verb adverb on the cool lawn, and she was reading a preposition article adjective

noun conjunction pronoun verb verb article

long book about knights and kings. adjective noun preposition noun

conjunction noun 24

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