Website: http://ahaa.tusd.us Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning

Website: http://ahaa.tusd.us Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning

Website: http://ahaa.tusd.us Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Agenda Differentiated Instruction Grid of 9 Adaptations Fast Facts on Students Activity: Kids in the Grid Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 The AHAA Project The AHAA team represents Exceptional Education

Professional Development & Academics African American Studies Educational Technology Asian American Studies Mexican American/La Raza Studies Early Childhood Education Arizona High Achievement for All Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Objectives To raise awareness that the utilization of differentiated instruction is a necessary tool in ensuring all students mastery of

academic standards (effective teaching). Develop familiarity with the Grid of 9 Adaptations to frame accommodations and modifications for students. J.W. Lloyd, E.J. Kameanui, and D. Chard (Eds.) (1997) Issues in educating students with disabilities. Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 What does differentiated instruction mean to you? Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Think about a time youve needed support in your

teaching. What kinds of supports were there? Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 How We Teach Makes A Difference! Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Least-Effective Teaching Presenting large amounts of

material at a time Failing to guide student practice Giving little time for student processing of the new material Expecting all students to get new material the first time Failing to prevent students from developing misconceptions J.W. Lloyd, E.J. Kameanui, and D. Chard (Eds.) (1997) Issues in educating students with disabilities. Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Most-Effective Teaching

Presenting smaller amounts of material at any time Guiding student practice as students worked problems Providing for student processing of the new material Checking the understanding of all students Attempting to prevent students from developing misconceptions

J.W. Lloyd, E.J. Kameanui, and D. Chard (Eds.) (1997) Issues in educating students with disabilities. Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Ponder This When instruction is delivered by Most- Effective Teachers how many students will still need further Accommodations or Modifications? Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003

Most-Effective Teachers J.W. Lloyd, E.J. Kameanui, and D. Chard (Eds.) (1997) Issues in educating students with disabilities. Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Accommodations/Modifications Accommodations Modifications Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Legal Justification Accommodate, Modify, and Support I.D.E.A. 1997 Reauthorization specifies

(300.342(b)(3)) that the public agency shall ensure... each teacher and provider is informed of his or her specific responsibilities related to implementing the childs IEP and the specific accommodations, modifications, and supports that must be provided for the child in accordance with the IEP. Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Adaptations Accommodations Modifications (Applies to students with

severe disabilities) Do not fundamentally alter or lower expectations or standards in instructional level, content or performance criteria. Do fundamentally alter or lower expectations or standards in instructional level, content or performance criteria. Changes are made in order to provide equal access to learning and equal opportunity to demonstrate what is known.

Changes are made to provide student meaningful & productive learning experiences based on individual needs & abilities. Grading is same Grading is different Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Section 504 Section 504 protects the rights of students with disabilities, ensuring that free appropriate public

education will be provided to each qualified student with a disability. Under Section 504, a student may be considered disabled if he or she: has a mental or physical impairment which substantially limits one or more of such person's major life activities. has a record of such an impairment. is regarded as having such an impairment. Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Who Deserves Accommodations! Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003

Nine Types of Curriculum Adaptations Quantity* Time* Adapt the number of items that the learner is expected to learn or complete. Adapt the time allotted and allowed for learning, task completion, or testing. For example: Reduce the number of social

studies terms a learner must learn at any one time. For example: Individualize a timeline for completing a task; pace learning differently (increase or decrease) for some learners. Input* Level of Support* Increase the amount of personal assistance with a specific learner. For example:

Assign peer buddies, teaching assistants, peer tutors, or cross age tutors. Difficulty Output* Adapt the way instruction is delivered to the learner. Adapt the skill level, problem type, or the rules on how the learner may approach the work.

Adapt how the student can respond to instruction. For example: Use different visual aids, enlarge text, plan more concrete examples, provide hands-on activities, place students in cooperative groups. For example: Allow the use of a calculator to figure math problems; simplify task directions; change rules to accommodate learner needs.

For example: Instead of answering questions in writing, allow a verbal response, use a communication book for some students, allow students to show knowledge with hands on materials. Alternate Goals Substitute Curriculum Participation* Adapt the extent to which a learner is actively involved in

the task. Adapt the goals or outcome expectations while using the same materials. Provide different instruction and materials to meet a learners individual goals. For example: In geography, have a student hold the globe, while others point out locations.

For example: In social studies, expect a student to be able to locate just the states while others learn to locate capitals as well. For example: During a language test one student is learning computer skills in the computer lab. Group Activity In groups of 2-4, match the student to the adaptation.

Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Adaptation Exercise Alicia is an 8th grade student who is easily distracted. She can stay focused for short periods of time, but when a lengthy assignment is given she will fade out and not complete it. She is not a behavior problem. When Alicia is assigned 20 math problems she will usually stop at ten. However, she shows mastery of the material with those 10 problems. When graded for 20 problems she will fail because she will only have only completed 50%. Her grade will not reflect that Alicia has met the standard. What adaptation can an effective teacher use to ensure

Alicias grades reflect that she has met the standard? Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Adaptation Exercise Jacob is a diligent, hard worker whose grades matter very much to him. He stays focused and on-task, but many times he cannot finish the work in the time allotted. He understands the material well, but when graded on work completed in a specific time period it will appear he has not mastered the standard. What adaptation can an effective teacher use to ensure that Jacobs grades reflect that he has met the standard?

Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Adaptation Exercise Its hard for Hector to concentrate when the teacher is giving direct instruction in front of the room. He needs to be doing something active to stay focused. During a lesson on map reading, what adaptation could an effective teacher use to ensure that Hector stays focused and learns the material? Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003

Adaptation Exercise Matthew is a student with a visual impairment who has difficulty reading student text. He is attending a marketing class and the textbook has many graphs with small numbers and words. What adaptations can his teacher make to ensure that Matthew is successful at mastering the standard? Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Adaptation Exercise

James, is a student who is severely developmentally delayed and is fully included in an automotive class. While other students are exploring the electrical current theory, James is developing skills according to functional standards by color matching pegs to wires. What adaptation is the teacher using with James so he is successful?

Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Adaptation Exercise Terri, a student with learning disabilities in a CISCO networking class, has difficulty processing information into long-term memory. She is asked to troubleshoot a network diagnostic problem from memory with the rest of the class. What adaptation should be made so Terri masters the standard?

Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Adaptation Exercise Zach has ADHD and has serious problems staying focused and on-task. He will begin a task, but very quickly will lose his focus and become disruptive. When his behavior is pointed out to him, he can redirect his attention and continue with the task. What adaptations can his teacher make so that Zach can be successful in mastering the standard?

Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Adaptation Exercise Sarah has great difficulty with written assignments. When asked to demonstrate by written work, her reading comprehension of the content material, Sarah will not do it. However she is very verbal and when asked to tell about what she has read, she responds articulately and shows comprehension of the material. Sarah is also very artistic and creative. What adaptation could the teacher make so that Sarah can demonstrate mastery of reading comprehension?

Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Adaptation Exercise Beth is a student with Developmental Disabilities. She is fully included in general education classes, but is unable to grasp all the concepts required in her math class. What adaptations could her math teacher make so that Beth can demonstrate mastery of the math standards? Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Group Activity 2: Kids in the Grid

Now,in this next exercise write each students name on the blank grid of 9 adaptations under the type of adaptation you believe the example best illustrates. Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 People react in different ways when they find out a student in their class needs accommodations... Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003

Fast Facts (Know your student) In your handout is an example of a fast fact synopsis of a student and his completed grid of 9. A Fast Fact is summary of a student describing past challenges and successes. Fast Facts concept: Dr. John Cressey Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 Putting it all Together Goal: To remove barriers to learning the material and to demonstrating mastery.

Standards are substantially the same for all; outcomes will vary. Modifications will fundamentally change the standard. Website: Diana Browning Wright, http://ahaa.tusd.us Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003 I have come to a frightening conclusion. I am the decisive element in the classroom. It is my personal approach that creates the climate. It is my daily mood that makes the weather.

As a teacher I possess tremendous power to make a child's life miserable or joyous. I can be a tool of torture or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal. In all situations, it is my response that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated, and a child humanized or de-humanized. Haim Ginott Diana Browning Wright, Teaching and Learning Trainings, 2003

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