Paleolithic - Neolithic Paleolithic or Old Stone Age
Paleolithic - Neolithic Paleolithic or Old Stone Age dates from the first stone tool makers (approx. 2
million BCE) to about 10,000 BCE. Strong archeological evidence indicates the first humans came from Africa This evidence was provided by Mary and Louis Leaky & Donald Johanson The oldest human footprints in the world were unearthed at Laetoli, near Olduvai Gorge, in
Tanzinia. These footprints led Owen Lovejoy to conclude that even these early hominids walked with an upright, striding gait just as modern humans do. Lucy - is one of the oldest and most complete skeletons of human ancestry, which was
discovered by Don Johanson in Ethiopia's Afar Triangle. http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/ancient/AncientRepublish_924421.htm Otzi, the oldest mummy ever unearthed, was found in the Italian Alps in 1991.
Scientists were thrilled to find he had remained frozen, and almost perfectly preserved, for thousands of years. Otzi..The Ice Man He wore clothing made from leather and grasses and carried a copper axe, a bow and arrows. Speculation immediately
began about who he was and why he died where he did, but it was hard to do too much checking without damaging his body. Later, an arrowhead was found in his left shoulder, suggesting Otzi did not simply freeze to death while climbing the high mountains, but was shot by a fellow hunter. After studying the corpse's intestines, Italian researcher Professor Franco Rollo, an archaeologist at the Universita di Camerino in Italy concluded last year that the
iceman's final meals consisted of venison and ibex meat. http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/ancient/AncientRepublish_924421.htm Characteristics of Paleolithic Period
The people were hunters and gatherers They lived in small groups of about 20-30 people Sexual division of labor
Nomadic people who followed game and ripening fruit Developed simple tools from stone, bone or wood Invented clothing Cave paintings and religious rituals In a handful of pierced seashells found in a South African cave,
scientists believe that they have discovered the worlds oldest known jewelry and the earliest reliabile evidence of creative symbolic thought at work. The 41 tiny shells, unearthed at
Blombos Cave, were strung as beads more than 75,00 years ago, http://www.krsh.com/morningshow/blindedarchive/JewelryEverAppropriate.htm making them at least 30,000 years older than Neolithic Period
Approx. 10,000 years ago Hunter and Gatherers began to farm Life became more sedentary and
permanent villages developed Seed planting and animal domestication Neolithic people became food producers Farming..FarmingFarming. ___________ led to growth in population Out of Africa Characteristics of
Neolithic Period Councils of elders began making decisions
Individuals accumulated more personal property Some type of calendar invented Animals used in field work These innovations led to the emergence of civilizations Skara Brae An early Neolithic village
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