Divisive Politics of Slavery How do the North

Divisive Politics of Slavery How do the North

Divisive Politics of Slavery How do the North & South differ on Slavery? Antebellum South 1. Agricultural (King Cotton) 2. Slavery is economic necessity & way of life

Industrial North 1. Manufacturing 2. Slavery seen as immoral or bad for business Discuss: What were the moral and ethical issues w/ slavery? Mid 1800s Reforms

1. Second Great Awakening: Religious revival that states salvation comes from those who reform (esp. abolition) 2. Transcendentalists: blame societal greed & corrupt govt for slavery (Emerson/Thoreau) 3. Abolitionists: Call for end to slavery by any means (William L. Garrison) or non-violent resistance (Frederick Douglass) 4. Suffragists: Women organize at Seneca Falls, NY calling for abolition & equality for women (Elizabeth Cady Stanton)

Frederick Douglass & Abolition The Meaning of the Fourth of July for the Negro 1. What does Douglass say about the founding fathers? 2. What does Douglass hear as Americans celebrate the Fourth of July? 3. What example does Douglass give for lack of justice for the black man? 4. What does Douglass say the Fourth of July means to the black man?

5. Does your group agree w/ Douglass? Cite examples from the document Fighting Against Slavery 1. Nat Turner & John Brown lead rebellions against slave owners 2. Harriet Tubman leads Underground Railroad, a network of escape routes for slaves trying to get north or Canada 3. Harriett Beecher Stowe write Uncle Toms Cabin to expose horrors of slavery

Discuss: How do women play a major role in the abolition mvmnt? Compromises over Slavery 1. Missouri Compromise set 36/30 line for expansion of slavery 2. Compromise of 1850: California will be a free state, New Mexico (below 36/30) & Utah (above 36/30) are open to vote on slavery Stronger fugitive slave laws will be written 3. Kansas-Nebraska Act, both open to vote on slavery (abv 36/30)

Dred Scott v. Sanford Slave named Dred Scott sues his master saying that he & his owner lived in free territories & had been illegally enslaved Supreme Court ruled against Scott saying he was property, which is protected by 5th Amendment Election of Lincoln Abraham Lincoln of new Republican Party defeats Democrat

Stephen Douglas in Illinois Senate Two years later as an abolitionist candidate he wins Presidency Lincoln says he will allow slavery to continue but will not allow its expansion into new states, South threatens to secede from US

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