Plot & Context Produce a list of ten bullet-points which tell the story of An
Inspector Calls Why did Priestley write An Inspector Calls?
Why does the play focus on the Birlings? When was the play written, and
why is this What kind of society is/beliefs are evident in the
What were peoples ideas about social class Why do some critics argue that the
Inspector is Priestley? Character s
1) Sheila is an important character in the play because she does the following: a) Is shocked and upset about her role in Eva Smiths death in getting her sacked from Milwards, breaks off the engagement with Gerald after his affair, and challenges her parents to change their attitudes to society in general.
b) Is cruel and dismissive regarding her role in Eva Smiths death, marries Gerald, and swans off to a honeymoon in the Caribbean. c) Is shocked and upset about her role in Eva Smiths death in getting her sacked from Milwards, and is in total agreement with her mother about her actions as the Head of the Charity organisation.
1) Mr Birling is an important character in the play because he does the following: a) Sacks Gerald from his factory and has a close relationship with Eric, his son. b) Sacks Eva Smith from his factory, is friendly with the Inspector, and is a changed man by the end of the play
c) Sacks Eva Smith from his factory, is offended by the Inspectors manner, represents the older generations self-interest and capitalist tendencies, and doesnt really change by the end of the play d) Has similar views to Sheila, and raises the wages of all the women who work at his factory.
1) Gerald is an important character in the play because he does the following: a) Represents the upper class (his parents are Lord and Lady Croft), hates Mr Birling, marries Sheila, and fights Eric. b) Represents the working class (his parents are Mr and Mrs Croft), sympathises with Mr Birling, has an affair with Daisy Renton and got her
pregnant. c) Has an affair with Edna, and attacks Sheila. d) Represents the upper class (his parents are Lord and Lady Croft), sympathises with Mr Birling, has an affair with Daisy Renton and tries to justify this to his fiance, Sheila, and finally seems to dismiss the
1) Mrs Birling is an important character in the play because she does the following: a) She is snobbish towards people of a lower class, argues with Mr Birling, rides a bike around the stage, and helps a pregnant Daisy b) She is snobbish towards people of a lower class, shocked by the Inspectors attitude towards the family, argues with Sheila, and, as chair of
the local Womens charity, chooses not to help a pregnant Daisy when she comes to seek help. c) She is kind and helpful towards people of a lower class, and understanding towards Sheila throughout. d) She argues with Sheila, hopes to become Prime Minister one day, but supports a pregnant Daisy when Daisy visits her Womens charity.
1) Eric is an important character in the play because he does the following: a) Has a poor relationship with his father and mother, is a tee-totaller, gets Eva pregnant but doesnt care about his actions. b) Works at Milwards, has a strong relationship with Sheila, gambles in the
evenings. c) Has a poor relationship with his father and mother, drinks too much, has an affair with Eva and gets her pregnant, steals money from his fathers office to try and support Eva and make amends (Eva refuses the money), is full of remorse for his actions. d) Has a great relationship with his father and mother, and by the end of the
1) The Inspector is an important character in the play because he teaches the family the importance of: a) Social Justice a desire for equality and care for everyone in society b) Social Corruption a desire for the rich and upper classes to prosper no matter what
c) Social events the need to have more street parties d) Anti-social behaviour fighting is the way to solve all problems in society 1) Eva Smith/Daisy Renton is an important character in the play because she did the following:
a) A member of the upper class, she fought for womens rights and argued with Sheila in Milwards before having an affair with Gerald. b) Led a strike over pay and got sacked from Birling & Co, and then Milwards, had an affair with Gerald, was penniless with no relatives or family to help her, had a short affair with Eric and got pregnant but had strong principles and refused his money, wasnt helped by Mrs Birling, and then committed suicide.
c) Led a strike over not being able to wear make up in the factory and committed suicide d) Led a workers revolt which ultimately led to Mr Birling paying the women what they wanted, had an affair with Gerald and Mr Birling. Theme
s 1) These four moments would be useful to discuss regarding the theme of women: a) Eva becoming manager at Birling and Co, Sheila getting Eva sacked from Milwards, Eva sleeping with Alderman Meggarty, Mrs Birlings change of heart around events
b) Eva leading a strike at Birling and Co, Sheila trying to convince her mother and father to understand their social responsibility, Edna setting the house on fire, Eva asking Eric to use the money he stole for food. c) Eva leading a strike at Birling and Co, Sheila getting Eva sacked from Milwards -her remorse and fight for social justice afterwards, Eva being principled enough to not take money from Eric because he stole it and didnt love her, Mrs Birling refusing to
help Eva. d) Eva and Sheila becoming friends, Mrs Birling refusing to help Eva, Mr Birling having an affair with Eva, Sheilas belief in social justice 1) These four aspects would be useful to discuss regarding the theme of social justice:
a) The unfair sacking of Eva from Birling and Co, Sheila unable to see anything wrong with her actions, Mrs Birling not helping Eva, and Erics drunkenness b) Mr Birlings caring attitude towards the workers, Sheilas remorse and desire to change following the sacking incident at Milwards, Ednas affair with Mr Birling, the
Inspectors reminders all the way through the play about us being one body of people. c) The unfair sacking of Eva from Birling and Co and Mr Birlings Capitalist attitude towards his workers, Sheilas remorse and desire to change following the sacking incident at Milwards, Eric taking responsibility for his actions towards Eva, Mrs Birling dismissing Evas pleas for help, the Inspectors reminders all the way through
the play about us being one body of people. d) The unfair sacking of Eva from Birling and Co and Mr Birlings Capitalist attitude 1) These four aspects would be useful to discuss regarding the theme of love and marriage: a) Sheila and Erics relationship, Geralds affair with Eva/Daisy, Ednas relationship
with Mr Birling, Mrs Birlings affair with Lord Croft b) Sheila and Geralds engagement which is broken off but Gerald hopes to resume at the end, Erics relationship with Gerald, Mr Birlings relationship with Lady Croft, Ednas relationship with Eric c) Sheila and Gerals on/off engagement, Erics affair with Eva, Mrs Birling and Lord Croft, Sheila and the Inspectors affair.
d) Sheila and Geralds engagement which is broken off but Gerald hopes to resume at the end and Mr Birlings social climber attitude towards it, Geralds affair with Eva/Daisy, Erics affair with Eva, Mr and Mrs Birlings relationship 1) These four aspects would be useful to discuss regarding the theme of class:
a) Sheila and Erics engagement, Mr Birlings Capitalist attitude towards his workers and their strike, Lord and Lady Crofts employment of Edna, the terrible struggles Eva faces a working class woman who loses her job b) Sheila and Geralds engagement and their parents attitudes towards it, Mr Birlings Capitalist attitude towards his workers and their strike, Mrs Birlings dismissal of Evas struggles with the line girls of that class - and lack of help at the charity,
the terrible struggles Eva faces as a working class woman who loses her job. c) Sheila and Geralds engagement and their parents attitudes towards it, Mr Birlings care and understanding towards the working class, Mrs Birlings support of Eva when she visits her charity, Erics desire to be one of societys Upper Class d) Mr Birling and Mrs Birlings care towards the working class, the Inspectors classless position, Sheilas understanding of the need to treat people without class
judgements, Erics marriage with Lady Croft What happened in 1914 that would change Britain
Which class is represented by the following characters in the play: Gerald, Arthur Birling and Eva Smith? Describe how middleclass women were
expected to behave in 1912. What evidence form the play suggests that Eric feels left out of family
life? How do Eric and Sheila rebel against their parents towards the end of the play?
What is a morality How does Priestleys presentation of the
Birlings make you feel about the middle classes Does the Inspector fit into a social class? Explain your answer
Joe Meggarty is a notorious womanizer. What do you think Priestley is trying to say about respectable society by telling us about this character?
At the start of the play, the characters for a clear hierarchy, with Arthur Birling at the top and Eva/Daisy at the bottom. Priestley uses the events of the play to rearrange this hierarchy.
How do you think things stand at the end of the play? Do you think that Sheila conforms to the gender stereotype for middle-class
women in 1912? Why do you think the real identity of the Inspector is never revealed? Does it matter that we dont find out who he really is?
The Birling family becomes more and more divided between the old and the young. Find evidence from the text to support this.
Quotation s Which character says the following: These girls arent cheap labour; theyre people. ?
a) Mr Birling The Inspector b) Sheila c) Gerald
d) Which character says the following: We are members of one body. We are responsible for
one another. ? a) Gerald b) Sheila c) Eric
Which character says A man has to make his own way has to look after himself and his family too. ? a) Mrs Birling b) Gerald
b)Mr Birling c) Eric Which character says Unlike
the other three, I did nothing Im ashamed of. ? a) Mrs Birling d)Edna b)Mr Birling
c)Eric 1) What does the Inspector mean in the following quote: The time will come when if men will not learn that lesson, they will be taught it in fire and blood and anguish. ?
a) He is referencing the Socialist belief that if you act immorally, your house will be burned. b) He is referencing the World Wars, and the Christian belief that if you commit sins in this world, you will suffer in the fires of hell c) He is referencing the Great Fire of London d) He is referencing Erics tendency to drink and smoke too much and the
risk that cigarettes could pose a fire risk 1) What did Mr Birling mean in the line If you dont come down sharply on some of these people, theyd soon be asking for the earth. ? a) That you need to fight the Upper class people, or theyll be asking to take
over the world b) That if you are not firm with your expectations of the working class and put them in their place, theyll take advantage of you. c) That you need to be firm with the Middle class people, or soon theyll be asking for soil for their back gardens d) That a sharp knife will be the best way to cut the working classes deeply
1) What did Gerald mean in the line: There isnt any such inspector. Weve been had! ? a) That theyd been tricked, the Inspector wasnt real, and none of it really matters anymore b) That the Inspector was real
c) That theyd been tricked, but the events matter more than ever to him d) That Edna has been dressing up as the Inspector for a laugh 1)Which quote is said by Eric? a) Look Inspector, Id give thousands, thousands
b)Because youre not the kind of father a chap could go to when hes in trouble thats why. c) Youre behaving like a hysterical child d)Mother you mustnt try and build up a kind of wall between us and that girl
1)Which quote is said by Gerald? a) I became the most important person in her life- you understand? b) You dont understand anything, you never did. c) I want to understand, I wouldnt miss it for worlds d) Sheila, dont talk nonsense.
1)Which quote is said by Mrs Birling? a) And you think young women ought to be protected against unpleasant and disturbing things? b)She called herself Mrs Birling a piece of gross impertinence
c) Theres a fair chance I might find my way into the next Honours List You and I arent the same people who sat down to dinner 1)Which three words accurately describe Mr Birling in the play?
a)Caring, Talkative, Happy b)Ambitious, Kind, Loving c)Business-like, Fair, Young d)Arrogant, Ambitious, Unjust After all its better to
ask for ________ than to take it. A young woman drank ________and died, after several hours of agonyShe lies with
a ________________on a slab. And you think young women ought to be ________ against _______and ________ things?
We have to share something. If theres nothing else, well have to share_________
She needed not only money but _________, ___________, ______________and you slammed______________________.
And my trouble is I havent much time. Youll be able to divide up the ________ between you when Ive gone.
There are millions of ____________and ________________ still left with usWe dont live______________. We are _____________of one __________-. We are ________________for________________.
The time will come when if _____ will not learn that lesson, they will be taught it in_______________________________ _________________.
Im talking as a hard-headed, practical man of ________________. I say there isnt a
chance of warthe _____ she sails next week. ______ One of the ________ nights of my life.
Theres a fair chance I might find my way into the next __________ A man has to _________
has to look after _______ and his _______ too. If we were all _______ for everything that happened to everybody wed had anything to do
with, it would be very awkward, wouldnt it? If you dont come down sharply on some of these _______, theyd
soon be asking for the ______ Look Inspector, Id give _______, __________
Therell be a_________and who here will suffer from that more than I
Probably a ____________ or some sort of________. He talked like one Ill admit he gave me a____________________.
Girls of that _______ So far you seem to be conducting the
inquiry in a rather peculiar and Sheila, dont talk________
I dont think we want any further details of She called herself Mrs
Birling a piece of_____________________ Unlike the other three, I_____________________________ ______________________.
As if a girl of that sort would ever ________________ Youre behaving like an
______________________. These girls arent_________________theyre people.
Were you seeing her last spring and summer when you ____________________and said you were so busy? I cant ___________ I wont
_____________ its simply my fault that in the end she committed suicide. That would be too _________________________. Mother You mustnt try and
________________________________b etween us and that girl. No hes giving us _________________ so that well ______________.
Im not a_____________, dont forget. Ive a right to know. Thats probably the
________________ youve said tonight. At least its _____________. Gerald, I think youd better___________________.
(She hands him _______________) You and I arent the ______________ who sat down to dinner here.
Guess the poem by exploring technique 1. Brackets, personal pronoun I, repetition of I.
2. Effect of word only, abstract noun joy. 3. Repetition of look, adverb everywhere. 4. Effect of word gift, pronoun anybody. 5. Semicolons, personal pronoun I, imperative, contextual references (Duke Alfonso II and his Duchess).
1. Beginning of metaphor, effect of phrase lets the light shine through. 2. Effect of words drift, easily, fall away, personal pronoun I, contextual references (society). 3. Repetition of idea sun shines through, personal pronoun
their instead of definite or indefinite article, noun borderlines, contextual reference (borders). 4. Noun architect, effect of grand design, culmination of metaphor living tissue. 5. Sibilance smoothed and stroked, verb thinned, adjective transparent, direct address your.
1.Use of Caribbean dialect, pronoun dem, repetition of tell me 2. Imagery of physical assault, repetition of pronoun me, effect of phrase me own history 3. Contrast of fictional nursery rhyme and true story, rhyme, continued repetition of dem tell me, contextual references
(Nanny de Maroon) 4. Contrast of types of history, remembered and forgotten, contextual references (Columbus/Caribs/Arawaks) 5. Verb phrase checking out, repetition of me own history, violent verb carving in relation to quote 2,
1. Personal pronoun I, verb wander, repetition of adjective chartered, verb flow in relation to the rhyme scheme. 2. Verb mark, repeated as noun, effect of phrase every face, alliteration of weakness and woe. 3. Metaphor, alliteration, imagery.
4. Repeated proper nouns followed by verbs of anguish. 5. Contextual references (Harlots and plagues), Harlot used as proper noun, double meaning of curse, 1.Adjectives vast and trunkless, juxtaposition, verb
stand, contextual reference (Ramesses II). 2. Effect of the word sneer, Adjective cold, alliteration. 3. Superlative phrase King of Kings, imperative, effect of word mighty. 4. Double meaning, effect of word remains.
5. Juxtaposition, adjective colossal, noun wreck. 1. Effect of phrase act of stealth, oxymoron troubled pleasure. 2. Personal pronoun my, simile. 3. Repetition of adjective huge, adjective bleak, effect of phrase voluntary power instinct, connotations of verb upreared,
personification. 4. adjective grim, general noun shape, verb towered, personification, contextual references (the Sublime) 5. Repetition of adjective huge, adjective mighty, repetition and mirroring of do not live/like living men, adverb slowly, contextual references (Wordsworths maturity).
4. Collective pronoun we, colloquialism sit tight, contextual reference (Heaneys life). 5. Verb bombarded, adjective empty, effect of phrase Strange, it is a huge nothing that we fear. 1. Effect of phrase one-way journey, abstract noun
history, contextual reference (Kamikaze pilots). 2. Sibilance, juxtaposition of safe and awash. 3. Use of pronouns he and his rather than proper nouns, in contrast to noun mother. 4. Adverb gradually, collective pronoun we, verb learned, adjective silent.
5. Contextual reference (honour), effect of phrase. 1. Contextual reference (fairytale), personal pronoun I, ellipses. 2. Effect of phrase sunlight-clear, juxtaposition with November.
3. Superlative worst, metaphor. 4. Juxtaposition of nature and man-made tanks, imagery of tanks and frontiers, collective pronoun us, simile. 5. Repetition of verb accuse, verb circle, personal pronoun me, metaphor being dark, juxtaposition
language related to sound. 5. Rhyme, verb prick, preposition between. 1. Verb smoothed, clothes imagery, juxtaposition. 2. Verb play, anecdote.
3. Verb leaned, simile. 4. Symbolism, verb freely, clothes imagery, metaphor, contextual reference (the army). 5. Verbs listened, hoping, catching, use of present tense, effect of word playground.
1. Repetition, adverbs probably and possibly. 2. Effect of the phrase sort of, preposition there, colloquial language, emotive language. 3. Verb tosses, lack of names and identities. 4. Repetition, preposition here, contextual reference (PTSD).
5. Idiom, repetition, persona pronouns, adjective bloody. 1. Personification, verb smacking. 2. Contextual references (patriotism), simile. 3. Simile character is still linked to human qualities
at this point. 4. Alliteration slot-slashed, metaphor is the hare a human? Imagery transformation into animals. Verb phrase threw up, simile. 5. Contextual references (society), simile, effect noun luxuries, effect of phrase yelling alarm.
1.Refrain, effect of phrase valley of Death, contextual reference (The Light Brigade). 2. Pronoun someone, verb blundered, contextual reference (the mistake). 3. Rhyme, repetition of theirs, contextual
2. Collective personal pronoun we, sibilance. 3. Sibilance, effect of phrase less deadly than the air. 4. Personification, imagery transformation into animals with we cringe in holes, effect of phrase forgotten dreams, sibilance. 5. Rhetorical question, collective pronoun, refrain.
Themes Which Poem?
Power in society Power through status External conflict relationships Which Poem?
Power in society Power through status Conflict in society Which
Poem? Power in society Power through status Conflict throughout history
Power in society Which Poem?
Power of nature Power of place Conflict in society Which Poem?
Power in society Power through status Power of place Power of nature
Which Poem? Power of place Power of nature
Which Poem? Power of place Power of nature Power of memory
Nature as the enemy Which Poem? Power of memory
Power of loss Conflict throughout history External conflict - war Internal conflict - shame Which
Poem? Power of memory Power of loss Conflict in society Internal conflict displacement
Powerlessness Which Poem?
Power of memory Power of status External conflict war Internal conflict - guilt Which
Poem? Powerlessness Power of memory Power of loss External conflict war
Internal conflict - guilt Powerlessness Which Poem?
Power of memory Power of status Power of loss External conflict war Internal conflict - guilt
Which Poem? Powerlessness External conflict war
Internal conflict transformation Which Poem? Powerlessness
External conflict war Which Poem?
Powerlessness External conflict war Internal conflict boredom Nature as the enemy Quotations
Which poem? If buildings were paper, I might/ feel their drift, see how easily/ they fall away
This grew; I gave commands; Then all smiles stopped together. Is it that we are dying?
Into the valley of Death/ Rode the six hundred. He was running/ Like a man who has
jumped up in the dark and runs One of my mates goes by/ and tosses his guts back into his body
I listened, hoping to hear/ your playground voice catching on the wind.
. a half-formed ghost. He remembers the cries of this mans wife.
spools of suffering set out in ordered rows the graceful slopes/ glow even clearer as time rolls its tanks/ and the frontiers
rise between us, close like waves. gradually we too learned to be silent
We are bombarded by the empty air. / Strange, it is a huge nothing that we fear.
you can listen to the thing you fear/ Forgetting that it pummels your house my boat/ Went
heaving through the water like a swan We just sit tight
Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair! The mindforged manacles
Bandage up me eye with me own history/ Blind me to me own identity
paper smoothed and stroked/ and thinned to be transparent, / turned into your skin.
Pale flakes with lingering stealth come feeling for our faces - / We cringe in holes, back on forgotten dreams, and stare, snow-dazed
Stormed at with shot and shell,/ Boldly they rode and well,/Into the jaws of Death,/ Into the mouth of hell
Then the shot-slashed furrows/ Threw up a yellow hare that rolled like a flame His bloody
life in my bloody leaned against it like a wishbone
All flesh is grass I wanted toplay at being Eskimos like we did when you were
little We are prepared: It was an act of stealth/ And
troubled pleasure colossal wreck
I wander through each chartered street/ Near where the chartered Thames does flow
Dem tell me/ Wha dem want to Maps too./ The sun shines through
their borderlines As if she ranked/ My gift of a nine-hundredyears-old name/ With anybodys gift.
An architect could use all this,/ find a way to trace a grand design/ with living tissue Dem tell me bout de dish
ran away with de spoon/ but dem never tell me bout Nanny de maroon Sudden successive flights of bullets streak the silence./
Less deadly than the air that shudders black with snow Theirs not to make reply, / Theirs not to reason why, / Theirs but to do and die.
The patriotic tear that had brimmed in his eye/ Sweating like molten iron from the centre of his chest
probably armed, possibly not The readers eyeballs prick/ with tears between
the bath and pre-lunch beers. There once was a country I left it as a child
And sometimes, she said, he must have wondered/ which had been the better way to die.
. But huge and mighty forms, that do not live/ Like living men, moved slowly through the mind
she liked whateer/ she looked on, and her looks went everywhere. Two vast and trunkless legs of stone/ Stand in
the desert . the youthful Harlots curseblights with plagues the Marriage hearse
Nothing beside remains Chimney-sweepers cry Church appalls,
But now I checking out me own history/ I carving out me identity (since none puts by/ The curtain I
have drawn for you, but I) sneer of cold command
Sir, twas not/ Her husbands presence only, called that spot/ Of joy into the Duchess cheek
king of kings We only know war lasts, rain soaks, and clouds sag
stormy. But nothing happens. When can their glory fade?.,, Honour the
charge they made! hes there on the ground, sort of inside out
The worst news I receive of it cannot break/ my original view, the bright, filled paperweight Safe/ to the
shore, saltsodden, awash the grim shape/ Towered up between me and the stars
And mark in every face I meet/ Marks of weakness, marks of woe.
Paper that lets the light/ shine through, this/ is what could alter things. my memory of it is sunlight-clear for it
seems I never saw it in that November He has a job to do. The dove pulled
freely against the sky, / an ornamental stitch. Bullets smacking the
belly out of the air King, honour, human dignity, etcetera/ Dropped like luxuries in a yelling alarm
smoothed down your shirts upturned collar, steeled the softening/ of my face
And though he came back/ my mother never spoke again/ in his presence
a huge peak, black and huge, / As if with voluntary power instinct,/Upreared its head. when it begins, the flung
spray hits/ The very windows, spits like a tame cat/ Turned savage enough fuel for a one-way/ journey
into history They accuse me of absence, they circle me. / They accuse me of being dark in their free city.
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