Unit 5, Lesson 4: The Mayans A Different

Unit 5, Lesson 4: The Mayans  A Different

Unit 5, Lesson 4: The Mayans A Different Global Pattern 1 Remember that AD is what we are now calling CE (Common Era). 2 Southern Mayan Cities 3 250 | 200 | 150 | 100 | 50 | 0 | 50 | 100 | 150 | 200 | 250 | 300 | 350 | 400 | 450 | 500 BCE CE

Han Dynasty - 206 BCE to 220 CE Roman Empire 27 BCE to 476 CE Kushan Empire 30 CE to 375 CE Beginnings of Mayan Civilization 2000 BCE..collapse by 900 CE 4 Turn and Talk: What caused the Mayan civilization to collapse? What do you think happened to the Mayan people when

their civilization ended? http://apworldhistory-rochester-k12-mi-us.wikispaces.com/2E.+ +American+Political+Systems+%26+Cultural+Patterns 5 Chichen Itza's Kukulcan Temple Turn and Talk: What do these structures tell us about the Mayans? What resources and skills did they seem to have? 6

Turn and Talk: What do these works of art tell us about the Mayans? What inferences can we make about their culture? 7 Doomsday 2012 Fact Sheet from NASA Mayan Calendar: The Maya calendar, which is made up different cycles of day counts, does not end this year (2012). Rather, one cycle of 144,000 days (394 years) ends and the next cycle begins. Mayan Prophecy: The ancient Maya did not predict the end of the world or any disaster in December 2012. Such doomsday predictions are a modern hoax. Planet Nibiru: Nibiru is probably the minor name of a god found in ancient Mesopotamian writing. There is no planet named Nibiru, and the fictional books by economist Zecharia Sitchin about a civilization on this planet are a hoax. Rogue Planet Headed for Earth: For the past decade there have been reports of a rogue object (Planet X, or Nibiru, or Hercubolus, or even Comet Elenin) that will collide with Earth in December 2012. These claims are not true. If such a threatening world existed, it would be one of the brightest objects in the sky, and astronomers would have been tracking it for years.

Planet Alignments: There is no alignment of planets in Dec 2012. There is an approximate lining up of the Earth and Sun and the center of our Galaxy in late December, but this happens every year. In any case, planet alignments have no effect on the Earth. The End of the World: The Earth has been here for more than 4 billion years, and it will probably be several more billion years before the gradual brightening of the Sun makes our planet unlivable. While there have been numerous prophecies about the end of the world, obviously none have come to pass. 8 Po ss Arts: Mayan Society Architecture: Pyramids Planned

cities Areas of Mayan Society Mathematics Agriculture ible Gra ph ic O rga ni zer D esi

gns : Important Advances or Innovations 9 From Unit 4, Lesson 8 Empire An empire is a group of states (organized societies) and peoples (ethnic

groups) that span a large geographic area and are united and ruled by a central authority either a monarch/emperor or an oligarchy (small group). Empires frequently use organized militaries to expand and maintain their territory, and they included different cultural and geographic regions. Group of states Large geographic area United and ruled by a central authority Organized military used to expand and hold territory Territory includes different cultural and geographic regions 10 Geographic Luck: Jared Diamonds idea that some societies were in a better position to develop advanced civilizations than others because of their geography.

Diamond pointed out, for example, that the areas that developed agriculture first had the greatest number of large mammals that could be domesticated, as well as many more plants that could become main food crops. The question of which peoples first developed more advanced societies then didnt depend exclusively on the people, but also on their geographic luck and where they lived. 11 Major societies of the world in 100 CE 12 Mayans Rome and Han China Tools and

technology Metal only used for ornamentation (mainly gold); no iron Use of wood, bone, and different stones for tools and weapons No use of wheeled vehicles Bronze and then iron tools and weapons Wheeled chariots and wagons Cement Transportation No large animals available for use in transportation Developed system of paths and roads for trade, but all travel on foot Use of small boats and rafts on waterways

Government and Several city-states with strong central rulers military No single authority over entire area Warrior class / soldiers controlled by rulers of separate city-states No large-scale conquest of peoples outside of Mayan area Range of large mammals (horses, oxen, camels, etc.) Wheeled chariots and wagons Complex road systems

Roads paved with stone A range of boats including larger ships Strong central government with an emperor Bureaucratic system to control outlying territories Large, professional and centralized army under authority of emperor Armies used to control and expand territory Scientific and cultural advances Highly advanced in art and architecture with sculpture, written codices, pyramid building, organized sports Developed knowledge of mathematics and astronomy

Highly advanced in art and architecture with literature, sculpture, paining, monument building, public entertainment, etc. Developed knowledge of engineering, astronomy, and medicine Social hierarchy High degree of social hierarchy with political and religious leaders at the top and laborers at the bottom Enemies enslaved and sometimes sacrificed High degree of social hierarchy with political leaders at the top and laborers at the bottom In Rome, established system of slavery In China, class of servants similar to slaves 13

Property of Oakland Schools Authors: Stacie Woodward and Darin Stockdill Editor: Amy Bloom Academic Review: Ian Moyer 14

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