Established by the European Commission ERC Funding Opportunities:

Established by the European Commission ERC Funding Opportunities:

Established by the European Commission ERC Funding Opportunities: Supporting Excellent Researchers All Over Europe Mart Saarma Institute of Biotechnology, Biocentrum Helsinki, University of Helsinki LEPL - Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation (SRNSF) International Supervisory Board (ISB) meeting Tbilisi, February 25-26, 2016 The European Research Council Established by the European Commission Art & Build Architect / Montois Partners / credits: S. Brison Established by the European Commission ERC BASICS 3 What is ERC? Established by the European Commission The ERC supports excellence in frontier research through a bottom-up, individual-based, pan-European competition Legislation Scientific governance: independent Scientific Council with 22 members including the ERC President; full authority over funding strategy Support by the ERC Executive Agency (autonomous) Excellence as the only criterion Strategy

Budget: 13 billion (2014-2020) - 1.9 billion /year 7.5 billion (2007-2013) - 1.1 billion /year Support for the individual scientist Global peer-review No predetermined subjects (bottom-up) Support of frontier research in all fields of science and humanities 4 2 Need for a European Research Council Established by the European Commission From being traditionally very strong, science in Europe has declined in a global comparison: Low funding of research in many European countries Suboptimal procedures for scientific evaluations making it difficult to allocate available resourses appropriately Low mobility of European scientists Hierarchic academic structures making it difficult for young scientists to receive support and independence Aims of ERC Established by the European Commission Enforce frontier research in Europe (retain, repatriate, recruit) Raise the level of ambition Establish a model for research funding Complement other EU support for research Complement national support for basic research The ERC strategy

Established by the European Commission Keep it simple, flexible and focused Starting and Consolidator Grants: Support young researchers Advanced Grant: Support leading scientists Promote excellence irrespective of nationality, age or field Trust the dynamic of science Collaborations are neither enforced nor discouraged Grants are flexible and portable Encourage interdisciplinarity ERC Structure: ERC has strong autonomy Established by the European Commission The European Commission

Provides financing through the EU framework programmes Guarantees autonomy of the ERC Assures the integrity and accountability of the ERC Adopts annual work programmes as established by the Scientific Council The ERC Scientific Council 22 prominent researchers proposed by an independent identification committee Appointed by the Commission (4 years, renewable once) Establishes overall scientific strategy; annual work programmes (incl. calls for proposals, evaluation criteria); peer review methodology; selection and accreditation of experts Controls quality of operations and management Ensures communication with the scientific community The ERC Executive Agency Executes annual work programme as established by the Scientific Council

Implements calls for proposals and provides information and support to applicants Organises peer review evaluation Establishes and manages grant agreements Administers scientific and financial aspects and follow-up of grant agreements Carries out communications activities and ensures information dissemination to ERC stakeholders 8 ERC in the H2020 Structure Established by the European Commission The HORIZON 2020 main components: Excellent Science World class science is foundation of technologies, jobs, well-being Europe needs to develop, attract, retain research talent Researchers need access to the best infrastructures Industrial leadership Societal challenges Excellent Science: European Research Council (budget under H2020: 13 billion) Future and Emerging Technologies Marie Skodoswka Curie Actions Research Infrastructures 9 ERC in the H2020 Structure

Established by the European Commission The HORIZON 2020 main components: Excellent Science World class science is foundation of technologies, jobs, well-being Europe needs to develop, attract, retain research talent Researchers need access to the best infrastructures Industrial leadership Societal challenges Excellent Science: European Research Council (budget under H2020: 13 billion) Future and Emerging Technologies Marie Skodoswka Curie Actions Research Infrastructures 10 ERC H2020 Budget Established by the European Commission ERC Budget 13 billion 11 ERC Scientific Council Members Established by the European Commission

Prof. Klaus BOCK (Chemistry), ERC Vice-President Prof. Jean-Pierre BOURGUIGNON (Mathematics), ERC President Prof. Margaret BUCKINGHAM (Biology) Prof. Athene DONALD (Biological Physics) Dr. Barbara ENSOLI (Medicine) Prof. Tomas JUNGWIRTH (Physics) Prof. Matthias KLEINER (Engineering) Prof. Michael KRAMER (Astrophysics) Prof. Eva KONDOROSI (Biology) Prof. Mart SAARMA (Biology & Neuroscience), ERC Vice-President Prof. Nuria SEBASTIAN GALLES (Psychology), ERC Vice-President Prof. Nils Christian STENSETH (Ecology & Evolution) Prof. Martin STOKHOF (Philosophy) Prof. Janet THORNTON (Bioinformatics) Prof. Isabelle VERNOS (Molecular and Cell Biology) Prof. Reinhilde VEUGELERS (Economics)

Prof. Michel WIEVIORKA (Sociology) Prof. Fabio ZWIRNER (Theoretical Physics) Established by the European Commission ERC Grants: how to apply? 13 ERC Grant Schemes in action Established by the European Commission Starting Grants Consolidator Grants starters (2-7 years after PhD) up to 2.0 Mio for 5 years consolidators (7-12 years after PhD) up to 2.75 Mio for 5 years Advanced Grants track-record of significant research achievements in the last 10 years up to 3.5 Mio for 5 years Proof-of-Concept bridging gap between research - earliest

stage of marketable innovation up to 150,000 for ERC grant holders 14 ERC Basics ERC Funding Schemes Established by the European Commission Synergy Grants (2 exploratory calls) 2 4 Principal Investigators up to 15.0 Mio for 6 years 24 Synergy grants funded in 2 calls Currently the scheme is under assessment to decide whether or not to continue Creative Freedom to Individual Grantee Established by the European Commission ERC offers independence, recognition & visibility to work on a research topic of own choice, with a team of own choice to gain true financial autonomy for 5 years to negotiate with the host institution the best conditions of work to attract top team members (EU and non-EU) and collaborators to move with the grant to any place in Europe if necessary (portability of grants) to attract additional funding and gain recognition; ERC is a quality label 16 Evaluation Panel Structure (WP2015) Established by the European Commission Physical Sciences & Engineering Life Sciences

LS1 Molecular & Structural Biology & Biochemistry LS2 Genetics, Genomics, Bioinformatics & Systems Biology LS3 Cellular and Developmental Biology LS4 Physiology, Pathophysiology & Endocrinology LS5 Neurosciences & neural disorders LS6 Immunity & infection LS7 Diagnostic tools, therapies & public health LS8 Evolutionary, population & environmental biology LS9 Applied life sciences & biotechnology PE1 Mathematics

PE2 Fundamental constituents of matter PE3 Condensed matter physics PE4 Physical & Analytical Chemical sciences PE5 Materials & Synthesis PE6 Computer science & informatics PE7 Systems & communication engineering PE8 Products & process engineering PE9 Universe sciences PE10 Earth system science Social Sciences and Humanities SH1 Markets, individuals & institutions SH2 The social world, diversity, institutions & values SH3 Environment, space & population SH4 The Human Mind and its complexity SH5 Cultures & cultural production SH6 The study of the human past 17 ERC Basics Evaluation of Proposals: Main Features Established by the European Commission Goal of the evaluation: select the best frontier research proposals Only evaluation criteria: excellence Method: peer review Structure: 25 panels distributed in 3 scientific domains (10 Physical Sciences, 9 Life Sciences and 6 Social Sciences and Humanities)

Each panel consists of 1 panel chair and 12-16 panel members Two step evaluation and for StG and CoG this includes interview What makes ERC evaluation exceptional? Peers Review procedure 18 How to prepare and submit an ERC research proposal? Established by the European Commission Have a bright, original and exciting idea Design a research project to implement the idea Get a letter of support from a HI where the project is to be carried out (the HI must be located in EU or any of the H2020 associated countries) Write your research proposal and submit it within the deadline! All electronic / web based 19 How ERC research proposals are evaluated? Evaluation of proposals: review procedure Established by the European Commission STEP 1

STEP 2 Remote assessment by Panel members of section 1 PI and synopsis Remote assessment by Panel members and reviewers of full proposals Panel meeting + interview (StG and CoG) Panel meeting Proposals retained for step 2 Ranked list of proposals Feedback to applicants Right balance between generalist + specialized review Appropriate treatment of interdisciplinary proposals 20 How to prepare and submit an ERC research proposal? Proposal structure PART A online forms A1 A2 A3 Proposal and PI info

Host Institution info Budget Annexes submitted as .pdf HI support letter copy of PhD (StG, CoG); document for extension of eligibility window (StG, CoG) Established by the European Commission PART B1 submitted as .pdf Extended Synopsis CV Early Achievements (StG and CoG) or 10-year Track Record (AdG) 5 p. 2 p. 2 p. PART B2 submitted as .pdf Scientific Proposal Read the Information to Applicants 15 p. 21 How ERC research proposals are evaluated?

Excellence is the sole evaluation criterion Established by the European Commission Evaluation of excellence at two levels: Excellence of the Research Project Ground breaking nature Potential impact Scientific Approach Excellence of the Principal Investigator Intellectual capacity Creativity Commitment 22 FP7 ERC Panel Members by Country of HI and Gender Established by the European Commission * Number of instances that experts of a certain country of origin are contributing to the ERC peer review 23 # e v a lu a te d p ro p o s a ls 2015 Calls: Age of applicants Established by the European Commission 600 STG-COG-ADG 2015 Age of applicants 500

ADG 400 STG COG 300 200 100 0 Age on 1 Jan 2015 24 2015 Calls: Age of grantees Established by the European Commission STG COG ADG 2015 Age of grantees on 1 Jan 2015 with success rate ADG COG STG Success rate 70 60 # grantees 60% 50% 40% 50 40

30% 30 20% Success rate 80 20 10% 10 0 0% 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 55 58 age of grantee

61 64 67 70 73 25 Extensions of eligibility window Established by the European Commission Extensions of eligibility window possible for StG and CoG for documented cases of: Maternity 18 months per child (before or after PhD) Paternity actual time taken off Military service Medical speciality training Caring for seriously ill family members No limit to the total extension 180 160 140 120 STG 2015 funded PIs by years passed PhD

30% 25% 20% 100 15% 80 10% 60 5% 40 20 0 0% S u c c e s s ra te # fu n d e d p ro p o s a ls STG 2015 Funded proposals by gender Success rates by years past PhD Established by the European Commission M (252) F (99) SR Female PIs (10 %)

SR Male PIs (13.4 %) -5% 27 120 30% 25% 100 20% 80 15% 60 10% 40 5% 20 0 Established by the European Commission COG 2015 funded PIs by years passed PhD 0%

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 -5% S u c c e s s ra te # fu n d ed p ro p o sals COG 2015 funded by proposals gender Success rates by years past PhD M (208) F (94) SR Female PIs (16 %) SR Male PIs (14.5 %) A few tips and advice (1/2) Established by the European Commission Be ambitious and "daring"; panels instructed to seek out high-risk research Grab interest and attention of readers/ reviewers Remember that Part B1 will be seen by "generalists" (panel members) If you make it to Step 2, reviewers see both B1 and B2, so do not repeat / duplicate part B1 in part B2 Do not include unnecessary partners and collaborators; it is not supposed to be a "consortium" Some tips and advice (1/2)

Established by the European Commission For interviews (StG and CoG): Get Panel Members interested in you and what you are doing Practice thoroughly, several (many?) times; typically a 10 minute presentation followed by 10-15 minutes of questions Panels want to see that these are your ideas, not those of your supervisor It is normal to be nervous Established by the European Commission ERC ACHIEVEMENTS 31 ERC achievements Highly distinguished grantees Established by the European Commission tee an 9 r G 00 C 2 E R dG A Serge Haroche tee an 7

r G C 20 0 ER StG tee an 2 r G 1 C 20 ER yG S Konstantin Novoselov tee an 2 r G 01 C 2 ER dG A Ada Yonath tee an 2 r G 01 C 2 ER dG A

Christoforos Pissarides Andre Geim tee an 0 r G 01 C 2 ER dG A tee an 2 r G 01 C 2 ER dG A Theodor Hansch tee an 0 r G 01 C 2 ER dG A

James Heckman tee an 1 r G 01 C 2 ER dG A Jean-Marie Lehn Stanislav Smirnov AdG 2008 2013 Wolf Prize awarded to Simon Donaldson AdG 2009 2013 Holberg Prize awarded to Bruno Latour - AdG 2010 Elon Lindenstrauss 2013 Crafoord Prize awarded to Lars Klareskog - AdG 2009 AdG 2010 Other Prizes awarded to ERC grantees EMBO GOLD MEDAL 2011 Simon BOULTON - AdG 2010 Peter Zoller - SyG 2012 2012 Prizes awarded

to ERC grantees FEBS|EMBO WOMEN IN SCIENCE 2011 - Carol ROBINSON - AdG 2010 EMBO GOLD MEDAL 2012 Jiri FRIML - StG 2011 EMBO GOLD MEDAL 2010 Jason W CHIN - StG 2007 BALZAN PRIZE 2012 David BAULCOMBE - AdG 2008 THE SHAW PRIZE IN MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES 2011 - Christodoulou Demetrios - AdG 2009 CRAFOORD PRIZE 2011 and EUROPEAN LATSIS PRIZE 2010 Ilkka Hanski - AdG 2008 L'ORAL-UNESCO AWARD FOR WOMEN IN SCIENCE 2011 - Anne L'Huillier - AdG 2008 WOLF PRIZE 2010 Anton ZEILINGER, David BAULCOMBE - AdG 2008, Alain ASPECT - AdG 2010 MILLENIUM AWARD 2010 Michael GRATZEL - AdG 2009 EUROPEAN LATSIS PRIZE 2012 Uffe HAAGERUP - AdG 2009 KELVIN PRIZE 2012 Colin McINNES - AdG 2008 LEIBNIZ PRIZE 2012 Michael BRECHT - AdG 2008 & Joerg WRACHTRUP - AdG 2010 32 2014 Distinctions to ERC Grantees Established by the European Commission 22/10/2014 tee an 0 r G 22/10/2014 C 2 01 ER StG

f3.jpg (300358) Artur Avila tee an 4 r G 01 C 2 ER oG C tee an 9 r G 00 C 2 ER dG A Hairer.jpg (310233) Martin Hairer Jean Tirole Two of the Fields Medals 2014 awarded to researchers based in Europe: Artur Avila tee an 0 r G 01 C

2 ER dG A "for his work in dynamical systems and to Martin Hairer for his work on stochastic singularities. http://plus.maths.org/content/sites/plus.maths.org/files/news/2014/Seoul/f3.jpg May-Britt Moser tee an 8 r G 00 C 2 ER dG A tee an 3 r G 01 C 2 ER dG A 1/1 Edvard Moser https://royalsociety.org/~/media/people/new-fellows-2014/Hairer.jpg

The Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2014 was awarded to Jean Tirole "for his analysis of market power and regulation". The Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine 2014 was awarded to May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser, together with John O'Keefe, "for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain. The research leading to these discoveries was supported by FP5. ("Spatial Representation in the Entorhinal Cortex Science 2004) 1/1 33 After 8 Years, a Success Story Established by the European Commission Highly recognised by the research community Over 4 300 top researchers funded during FP7 (2007-2013) 65% are at an early-career stage Other 937 researchers supported after the three ERC calls of 2014 66 nationalities represented Highly competitive (overall success rate tending to 10%) Working in almost 600 different institutions in 32 countries 50% of grantees in 50 institutions : Excellence attracts excellence Benchmarking effect: impact on national programmes and agencies; national funding for best "runners-up"

Efficient and fast grant management 34 ERC 5000th Grantee Established by the European Commission On June 16, ERC celebrated its 5000th grantee "A new class of microtubules in the spindle exerting forces on kinetochores" (NEWSPINDLEFORCE) Iva Toli With her ERC grant Dr Iva Toli wants to push forward the frontiers of knowledge on the mechanical principles of cell division. After spending several years in the USA, Denmark, Italy and Germany, she has moved back to Croatia where she is setting her new research team. Principal Investigator: Dr Iva Toli Host institution: Ruer Bokovi Institute, Zagreb ERC call: Consolidator Grant 2014 ERC funding: 2.15 million for five years 35 ERC Delivers Established by the European Commission 30 000 publications acknowledging ERC support by September 2014 7% of these publications were in the top 1% most cited in their scientific field and year of publication 20% of completed LS and PE projects reported at least one patent (on average 2 patents reported per project) 36

Established by the European Commission Distribution of ERC grants 37 Priority to Young Scientists Established by the European Commission + 22 000 PhD and post-doc researchers working in ERC teams. Two-thirds of ERC grants to early-stage Principal Investigators. 38 ERC grants per country of HI top end 2007-2014 Established by the European Commission average *) First legal signatories of the first grant agreement taken into account ERC grants per country of HI bottom end 2007-2014 Established by the European Commission average *) First legal signatories of the first grant agreement taken into account

Talents are everywhere Established by the European Commission Disparitiy among the countries in the number of ERC grants per 1 million inhabitants 40.58 34.47 27.01 17.90 17.75 18.67 15.82 13.95 9.52 14.94 11.66 10.9811.22 10.42 6.63 5.02 5.01 4.46 6.05 3.50

3.05 1.71 UK DE FR NL CH ES IT 1.78 0.97 0.71 IL BE SE AT DK FI NO IE PT HU EL CZ 0.34 PL CY 0.11 TR EE 0.42 BG HR IS 0.10 RO SI LU 0.51 LV 0.14 RS 0.18 SK 41 Success Rates per Country of HI (FP7) Established by the European Commission average *) First legal signatories of the first grant agreement taken into account FP7 ERC Grant Distribution vs. Public R&D Expenditure Established by the European Commission 43

FP7 ERC Grants versus Top Publications Established by the European Commission FP7 ERC: 4,354 frontier research projects funded *) Host institution refers to the current host organisation of the grant; data as of 02/06/2015 44 ERC grants by PI nationality and HI country: Grantees at home and abroad (2007 2014) Established by the European Commission 45 Country Higher-Education Institution No StG/CoG AdG Total LS PE SH UK University of Oxford 1

63 58 121 36 52 33 UK University of Cambridge 2 69 49 118 40 57 21 UK University College London 3 56 30

86 35 18 33 CH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich) 4 35 46 81 25 53 3 CH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL) 5 44 36 80 23

55 2 IL Weizmann Institute 6 51 28 79 45 33 1 IL Hebrew University of Jerusalem 7 43 30 73 33 26 14

UK Imperial College 8 34 27 61 23 38 UK University of Edinburgh 9 24 21 45 10 21 14 BE University of Leuven 9 30

15 45 12 23 10 UK University of Bristol 10 18 21 39 8 25 6 DE University of Munich (LMU) 11 14 24 38

16 16 6 NL Radboud University Nijmegen 12 25 12 37 14 11 12 NL University of Amsterdam 12 20 17 37 3 10

24 NL Leiden University 13 20 15 35 1 16 18 NL Utrecht University 14 20 13 33 8 17 8 14

25 8 33 9 23 1 CH University of Zurich 14 18 15 33 21 5 7 UK King's College London 15 22 9

31 12 5 14 IL Tel Aviv University 15 17 14 31 11 17 3 CH University of Geneva 15 14 17 31 19

9 3 FI University of Helsinki 16 16 14 30 21 7 2 16 18 12 30 28 No StG AdG

Total LS PE SH FR National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) 1 142 66 208 58 119 31 DE Max Planck Society 2 67 45 112 60

45 7 FR National Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm) 3 39 18 57 54 1 2 FR French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission 4 34 9 43 7 35 1

ES Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) 5 25 15 40 15 20 5 FR National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automatic Control (INRIA) 6 19 12 31 IL Technion - Israel Institute of Technology SE Karolinska Institute Country Research Organisation 2

31 Top European Institutions Hosting at least 30 ERC Grantees by Funding Schemes Established by the European Commission StG/CoG 2007-2013 AdG 2008-2013 First legal signatories of the grant agreement General problems Established by the European Commission Overall success rate is too low (about 10%) many very good applications are not funded solution is clear increased ERC budget Interdiciplinary projects are diffucult to assess Some engineering and technology areas are missing or modestly covered EU 13 countries are not successful their success is even declining 47 ERC 2016 CALLS Established by the European Commission

Deadlines 2016 StG: Closed 17 Nov 2015: 2935 submissions (+0.5% 2015) CoG: Opened 15 Oct 2015, deadline 2 February 2016 ~ 2300 submissions AdG: Opens 24 May 2016, deadline 1 September 2016 PoC: Opened 22 October 2015 Cut-off dates: 16 February 2016 26 May 2016 4 October 2016 Grantees only may apply 48 For further information Established by the European Commission ERC Web site: http://erc.europa.eu/ Documents: ERC Work Programme (published annually) Information for Applicants (published with each call) National Contact Points European Commission Research Participant Portal Established by the European Commission Kaari Saarma Thank you for your attention!

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